The Troglodytae or Troglodyti (literally "cave goers"), were a people mentioned in various locations by many ancient Greek and Roman geographers and historians including Agatharcides, Strabo, Diodorus Siculus, Pliny, Tacitus, Josephus, etc. The earlier references call them Trogodytes, which was evidently altered later by folk-etymology from Greek "troglē", cave. They were usually placed in the desert along the African side of the Red Sea coast, from Berenice Troglodytica southward as far as Somalia. They have been connected with the modern Afar and neighboring peoples, as well as with the Tuareg.

Troglodytis in Flavius Josephus

After the death of Sarah, Abraham married Keturah and fathered six sons who in turn fathered many more. "Now, for all these sons and grandsons, Abraham contrived to settle them in colonies; and they took possession of Troglodytis, and the country of Arabia the Happy, ..." [Josephus, Flavius, "Antiquities", 1.15.1]

The "Troglodytis" Josephus refers to here is probably in the Dead Sea Rift region of Israel and Jordan, and not Africa. The region was originally inhabited by the Horites, predecessors to the Edomites, and it is in this area that the famous Nabataean city of Petra lies.


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  • TROGLODYTAE — populi Aethiop. sub Aegypto in ora occidentali sinus Arabici et Barbarici, quorum regio Sirfia nominatur, teste Castaldô. Hi in specubus habitantes (7nde nomen) paupertatem colebant, serpentibus vescentes, teste Melâ, l. 1. c. 4. Hîc esse lacum,… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • List of ancient tribes in Thrace and Dacia — This is a list of ancient tribes in Thrace and Dacia (Ancient Greek: Θρᾴκη; Δακία) including possibly or partly Thracian or Dacian tribes, and non Thracian or non Dacian tribes that inhabited the lands known as Thrace and Dacia. A great number of …   Wikipedia

  • PISCIS — I. PISCIS Graecis dictus Νότιος, i. e. Australis, ut et Hygino in Poet. Astron. et Ciceroni in Arateis; Germanici Interpreti Magnus, qui de eo sic scribit. Piscis magnus, cuius nepotes dicuntur Pisces. qui in circulo Zodiaco constituti sunt,… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Troglodyte — may refer to:* A member of a primitive race or tribe of cave dwellers, a caveman. * A person who lives in seclusion, a hermit. * One of a group of people who built homes into the faces of cliffs, connected by underground passageways, such as in… …   Wikipedia

  • Troglodytidae —   Troglodytae Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus …   Wikipedia Español

  • TESTUDO — I. TESTUDO Hebr. gal, a testae forma, quae fere est orbicularis, Graece χελώνη. Arab. sulachaphia, quasi cortice vel putamine latens; et in specie mas, gailam, a libidine. Terrestris enim testudo, ζῶον λαγνίςατον ἀλλ᾿ ὅγε ἀῤῥην ὁμιλεῖ δὲ ἡθήλεια… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Troglodyte — Trog lo*dyte, n. [L. troglodytae, pl., Gr. ? one who creeps into holes; ? a hole, cavern (fr. ? to gnaw) + ? enter: cf. F. troglodyte.] 1. (Ethnol.) One of any savage race that dwells in caves, instead of constructing dwellings; a cave dweller,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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