Sharing is the joint use of a resource or space. In its narrow sense, it refers to joint or alternating use of an inherently finite good, such as a common pasture or a timeshared residence. It is also the process of dividing and distributing. Apart from obvious instances, which we can observe in human activity, we can also find many examples of this happening naturally in nature. When an organism takes in nutrition or oxygen for instance, its internal organs are designed to divide and distribute the energy taken in, to supply parts of its body that need it. Flowers divide and distribute their seeds. In a broader sense, it can also include the free granting of use rights to a good that is capable of being treated as a nonrival good, such as information. Still more loosely, "sharing" can actually mean giving something as an outright gift: for example, to "share" one's food really means to give some of it as a gift.

Sharing figures prominently in gift economies, but also can play a significant role in market economies, for example in car sharing. Share housing is a common and informally negotiated example of sharing of householders' labour, (for example, in the form of housework) and communal household goods.

The issue of handling shared resources figures prominently in computer science: for example time-sharing is an approach to interactive computing in which a single computer is used to provide apparently simultaneous interactive general-purpose computing to multiple users by sharing processor time.

Sharing is a key feature in the developing field of free software and open source software, with implications for economics. This is leading to a need to review licensing, patents and copyright, and to controversy in these areas, as well as new approaches like Creative Commons and the GPL.


* Yochai Benkler, Sharing Nicely: On Shareable Goods and the Emergence of Sharing as a Modality of Economic Production, "Yale Law Journal", Vol. 114, 273-358 ( [ PDF] )

* Bruce Perens (2005). [ "The Emerging Economic Paradigm of Open Source"] . Retrieved October 25, 2005.
*"The Unlock Reality (UR) Manuscript and eBook" The Individuals Self-Discovery Trust 2004

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sharing — (von engl. to share „teilen“, „teilnehmen“, „verteilen“) steht für Sharing (Psychologie), den Erfahrungsaustausch nach psychotherapeutischen Sitzungen Filesharing, den Austausch oder die gemeinsame Nutzung von Dateien, Programmen, Musik, Spielen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • sharing — index cognate, contribution (participation), distribution (apportionment), division (act of dividing) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton …   Law dictionary

  • sharing — I noun 1. using or enjoying something jointly with others • Derivationally related forms: ↑share • Hypernyms: ↑mutuality, ↑interdependence, ↑interdependency • Hyponyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • sharing — n. 1) profit sharing 2) revenue sharing (by the states) * * * [ ʃe(ə)rɪŋ] profitsharing revenue sharing (by the states) …   Combinatory dictionary

  • Sharing — Share Share, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Shared}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Sharing}.] 1. To part among two or more; to distribute in portions; to divide. [1913 Webster] Suppose I share my fortune equally between my children and a stranger. Swift. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sharing — noun Sharing is used after these nouns: ↑file, ↑information, ↑job, ↑profit …   Collocations dictionary

  • sharing — Synonyms and related words: accessory, accord, accordance, affiliation, affinity, agape, agreement, amity, announcement, apportionment, association, bonds of harmony, brotherly love, budgeting, caring, caritas, cement of friendship, charity,… …   Moby Thesaurus

  • sharing — n. act of sharing, dividing and apportioning; joint ownership ʃer /ʃeÉ™ n. part; portion; quota, allocation; issue or share of stock; plowshare v. divide, apportion; receive a share or portion; participate, partake; have in common; allow users… …   English contemporary dictionary

  • sharing — bendrasis naudojimas statusas T sritis automatika atitikmenys: angl. sharing vok. anteilliges Nutzen, n; gemeinsames Nutzen, n rus. коллективное использование, n; совместное использование, n pranc. partage, m …   Automatikos terminų žodynas

  • sharing — paskirsta statusas T sritis informatika apibrėžtis Sudėtinio objekto arba ištekliaus skirstymas į dalis tam, kad jas būtų galima atskirai naudoti. atitikmenys: angl. distribution; sharing ryšiai: dar žiūrėk – bendras …   Enciklopedinis kompiuterijos žodynas

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”