name = Saury

image_width = 240px
image_caption = "Scomberesox saurus"
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Actinopterygii
ordo = Beloniformes
familia = Scomberesocidae
subdivision_ranks = Genera
subdivision = See text for genera and species.

Sauries are fish of the family Scomberesocidae. There are two genera, each containing two species.

Sauries are marine epipelagic fish which live in tropical and temperate waters. These fish often jump while swimming near the surface, skimming the water. The jaws of sauries are beak-like, ranging from long, slender beaks to relatively short ones with lower jaw only slightly elongated. The mouth openings of sauries, however, are relatively small and the jaws are weakly toothed. A row of small finlets behind the dorsal and anal fins is also a feature of sauries. An unusual feature of these fish is that they lack swim bladders. Sauries grow to a maximum length of about 46 cm. They are harvested commercially as a food fish.

Sauries first appear in the fossil record in the upper Tertiary, Miocene.

The name Scomberesocidae is derived from the Greek, skombros = tunny/mackerel, and esox = nursery of salmon.

Pacific saury are consumed often in Japanese and Korean cuisine. The fish is usually grilled.


* Genus "Cololabis"
** "Cololabis adocetus"
** "Cololabis saira" (Pacific saury)
* Genus "Scomberesox" (sauries and skippers)
** "Scomberesox simulans" (Dwarf saury)
** "Scomberesox saurus" (Atlantic saury)


The "Saury", a "Sargo"-class submarine, was the only ship of the United States Navy to be named for this fish.

ee also

*Gallery of beloniform fishes



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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Saury — Sau ry, n.; pl. {Sauries}. [Etymol. uncertain.] (Zo[ o]l.) A slender marine fish ({Scomberesox saurus}) of Europe and America. It has long, thin, beaklike jaws. Called also {billfish}, {gowdnook}, {gawnook}, {skipper}, {skipjack}, {skopster},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Saury — Vraisemblablement un surnom formé sur l ancien adjectif saur , qui signifie châtain (vient du latin tardif saurus , avec le même sens). Le nom est surtout porté dans l Aude, et il a dû être employé comme nom de personne (les formes Saurus et… …   Noms de famille

  • saury — [sôr′ē] n. pl. sauries [prob. < ModL saurus, fish < Gr sauros, horse mackerel, lizard] any of a family (Scomberesocidae, order Atheriniformes) of small, marine bony fishes that live near the surface of temperate seas, with a long slender… …   English World dictionary

  • Saury — Maxim Saury (* 27. Februar 1928 in Enghien les Bains, Val d Oise) ist ein französischer Klarinettist, Arrangeur und Bandleader des Dixieland Jazz. Maxim Saury begann 1949 traditionellen Jazz zu spielen, begleitete 1951 Sidney Bechet und trat in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • saury — /sawr ee/, n., pl. sauries. 1. a sharp snouted fish, Scomberesox saurus, inhabiting temperate regions of the Atlantic Ocean. 2. any of various related fishes. [1765 75; < NL saur(us) + Y2. See SAUREL] * * * ▪ fish       any of four species of… …   Universalium

  • saury — /ˈsɔri/ (say sawree) noun (plural saury or sauries) 1. a sharp snouted fish, Scomberesox saurus, of the Atlantic. 2. any of various related fishes, especially the Pacific saury, Cololabis saira. {apparently from Greek sauros sea fish (Aristotle)… …  

  • saury yellow-banded grinner — gelsvadryžė driežagalvė statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Saurida tumbil angl. dogstick; greater lizardfish; saury yellow banded grinner rus. рыба ящерица; тумбиль ryšiai: platesnis terminas –… …   Žuvų pavadinimų žodynas

  • saury — noun (plural sauries) Etymology: New Latin saurus lizard Date: circa 1771 a widely distributed fish (Scombresox saurus) of temperate waters of the Atlantic that resembles the related needlefishes; also a similar widely distributed fish (C. saira) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • saury — noun A marine epipelagic fish of the family Scomberesocidae, with beaklike jaws and a row of small finlets behind the dorsal and anal fins …   Wiktionary

  • saury — n. small marine fish …   English contemporary dictionary

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