- Capital punishment in Idaho
Capital punishmentis legal in the U.S. stateof Idaho.
Capital punishment was reinstated in Idaho on
July 7, 1973[ [http://www.deathpenaltyinfo.org/state/ Death Penalty Information Center ] ] , after the United States Supreme Courtstruck down all death penalty statutes across the country in 1972 Furman v. Georgiadecision. The 1976 case Gregg v. Georgialifted an almost ten-year moratorium of executions in the United States, but Idaho waited until 1994 to execute their first inmate.
Three crimes in Idaho are punishable by death [ [http://www.deathpenaltyinfo.org/article.php?did=144&scid=10 Crimes Punishable by the Death Penalty ] ] :
* First-degree murder with aggravating factors
* Aggravated kidnapping
* Perjury resulting in death
entencing and clemency
Sentencing is determined by
jury. Currently 19 inmates (including one woman) awaiting execution on death row, located in Boise for men and in Pocatello) [ [http://www.deathpenaltyinfo.org/state/ Death Penalty Information Center ] ] for women.
Idaho is one of the very few states, where commutation of the death sentences is determined solely by Board, on which the
Governor of Idahodoes not sit [ [http://www.deathpenaltyinfo.org/article.php?did=126&scid=13 Clemency ] ] . This makes for an unusual situation, as the Governor has no influence over the commutation process.
Only two other states (Georgia and
Connecticut) share the same system, while in Nebraska, Utahand Nevadathe Governor sits on the board [ [http://www.deathpenaltyinfo.org/article.php?did=126&scid=13 Clemency ] ] .
Only one person received a commutation of a death sentence since 1973 (
Donald Paradisin April 1994). His sentence was later overturned and he was freed due to innocence) [ [http://www.deathpenaltyinfo.org/article.php?did=126&scid=13 Clemency ] ] .
Methods of execution
Lethal injectionand Firing squadare the methods of execution by the State of Idaho. However, firing squadis authorized only if injection is "impractical." [ [http://www.deathpenaltyinfo.org/article.php?scid=8&did=245#state Methods of Execution ] ]
Individual executed by the State of State of Idaho
Only one inmate was executed in Idaho after 1977.
In pre-Furman period Idaho executed 26 men between 1864 and 1957. 14 of these execution were prior to
Statehood, 12 since. Idaho has never executed a woman and all executions were carried out by hanging[ [http://users.bestweb.net/~rg/execution/regional_studies_the_west.htm Regional Studies The West ] ] .
* [http://users.bestweb.net/~rg/execution/IDAHO.htm List of Idaho's pre-Furman executions]
* [http://corrections.state.id.us/facts/death_row.htm Death Sentences] . "Idaho Department of Correction". Retrieved on
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