- Canada national cricket team
Infobox non test cricket team
country_name = Canada
image_caption = Flag of Canada
icc_member_year = 1968
icc_status = Associate with ODI status
icc_region = Americas
WCL_division = One
regional_tournament = ICC Americas Championship
regional_tournament_division = One
24 September, 1844, v USA at New York
world_ranking = 15th
regional_ranking = 1st
icc_trophy_apps = 8
icc_trophy_first = 1979
icc_trophy_best = Runners up, 1979
odi_matches = 19
odi_win_loss_record = 3/16
fc_matches = 14
fc_win_loss_record = 4/8
la_matches = 64
la_win_loss_record = 12/48
8 December 2006
The Canada cricket team is the national
cricketteam representing Canadain men's international competition. It is run by Cricket Canada.
While Canada is not sanctioned to play Test matches, the team does take part in
One Day Internationalmatches and also in first-class games (in the ICC Intercontinental Cup) against other non-Test-playing opposition, with the rivalry against the United States cricket teambeing as strong in cricket as it is in other team sports. The match between these two nations is in fact the oldest international fixture in cricket, having first been played in 1844.
Canadian cricket has tended to take a lower profile than most other sports, and the team tends to be composed of expatriates from more successful cricketing nations either trying to achieve a level of international experience or having been deemed too old for their respective national teams. The 2003 World Cup squad, for example, contained players born in
Sri Lanka, India, Pakistanand the West Indies.
Perhaps the most successful exponent of Canadian cricket has been all-rounder John Davison. Davison was born in Canada but played club and — occasionally — first class cricket in
Australia, achieving a reputation as something of a journeyman. Taking advantage of his Canadian birth, he became a regular in the national squad. At the 2003 World Cup, Davison hit the fastest century in tournament history against the West Indies in what was ultimately a losing cause. One year later, in the ICC Intercontinental Cupagainst the USA, he proved the difference between the two sides taking 17 wickets for 137 runs (the best haul in first-class cricket since England's Jim Lakertook 19 wickets in 1956) as well as scoring 84 runs of his own.
It is generally thought that cricket was introduced to Canada by British soldiers after the
Battle of the Plains of Abrahamin 1759, although the earliest confirmed reference to cricket is of matches played on Saint Helen's Island, Quebecin 1785 on what became the site of Expo 67.
The roots of modern Canadian cricket though come from the regions of Upper Canada, in particular
Toronto, then known as York. During the early years of the nineteenth century, a schoolmaster by the name of George Anthony Barberencouraged the game there, and founded the Toronto Cricket Club in 1827. Barber instigated a game played between the Toronto Cricket Club and the cricket team of Upper Canada Collegein 1836, a game won by the college team. [http://www.cricketarchive.co.uk/Archive/Scorecards/99/99022.html] This game has been annually ever since. As already mentioned, Canada played its first international against the USA in 1844 in New Yorkat St George's Cricket Club, now the site of the New York Universitymedical centre.
Late 19th Century
George Parr led an English team to Canada in 1859, which was the first ever international cricket tour. A product of the tour was a book by
Fred Lillywhiteentitled "The English Cricketers’ Trip to Canada and the United States", published the following year. On the tour, which also ventured into the USA, the team won all five official matches against a 22 of Lower Canada (by 8 wickets at Montreal, Quebec on 26 October- 27 September), a 22 of the United States (by an innings and 64 runs at Holboken, NY on 3- 5 October), a different 22 of the United States (by 7 wickets at Philadelphia on 10- 12 October), a 22 of Lower Canada (by 10 wickets at Hamilton, Ontario on 17 October- 19 October) and a further 22 of the United States (by an innings and 68 runs at Rochester, NY on 21 October- 25 October). There were also some exhibition matches and two excursions to view the Niagara Falls.
When Canada became a nation in 1867, cricket was so popular it was declared the national sport by
John A. Macdonald, the first Prime Minister of Canada. Unfortunately, the influence of baseballfrom the United States saw a decline in the popularity of cricket, despite tours from English and Australian teams. The third tour by an English team in 1872 featured none other than the famous W. G. Grace. The first Australian team to tour came in 1877, and they returned in 1893 beating Canada by an innings. [http://www.cricketarchive.co.uk/Archive/Scorecards/4/4061.html] Three games were played against Ireland between 1888 and 1890, Ireland winning one, with the other two drawn. A tour of North America by the Australians in 1913 saw two first class games (both won by the tourists) against a combined Canada/USA team. [http://www.cricketarchive.co.uk/Archive/Scorecards/9/9072.html] [http://www.cricketarchive.co.uk/Archive/Scorecards/9/9155.html] The second of these, played at Rosedale, Torontowas the first first class match played in Canada.
1887 England tour
After an unofficial tour in 1880, which saw the Canadian captain arrested during a game against Leicestershire and the tour abandoned, the first official tour of the
United Kingdomby a Canadian team took place in 1887. The tour started with two matches against Ireland, against whom Canada drew one game and lost the other, followed by two matches against Scotland with the same result. The tour then ventured into the north east of Englandwith a defeat against the Gentlemen of Northumberland and a draw against Durham.
The tour then continuted with various matches against county sides and others, with wins coming against the Gentlemen of Derbyshire and the Gentlemen of Warwickshire. The Canadian team finished the tour with a win/loss record of 2/5 with the remaining twelve games all drawn.
Marylebone Cricket Clubvisited Canada in 1951, the highlight of which was the first first-class game played by the Canadian national team, played in Armour Heights, Toronto, which was won by the visiting side. This was followed in 1954 by a tour to England on which Canada played eighteen games, four of which were given first class status, including one against Pakistan who were also touring England at the same time. [http://www.cricketarchive.co.uk/Archive/Seasons/ENG/1954_ENG_Canada_in_England_1954.html] The MCC again visited Canada in 1959 under Dennis Silk, and played a 3-day game against a Canada XI in Toronto which they won by 10 wickets. They were undefeated throughout the tour, winning most of their matches by wide margins, but had a closely fought draw against the Toronto Cricket Club. However, it would be fifty years before Canada would next play a first class cricket match.
The annual series of matches between Canada and the USA continued, alternating between the countries. In the 1963 match in Toronto, Ray Nascimento scored 176, then a record for the series.
Canada drew a game against Ireland in 1973 [http://www.cricketarchive.co.uk/Archive/Scorecards/100/100626.html] , and the following year again embarked on a tour of England. The tour was a much lower profile than the 1954 tour, with the games being against club sides, county second XIs, and minor counties. Canada had a 4/6 win/loss record on the tour, with a further six games being drawn. [http://www.cricketarchive.co.uk/Archive/Seasons/ENG/1974_ENG_Canada_in_England_1974.html] In 1979, Canada participated in the first
ICC Trophy. They reached the final of the competition, which qualified them for the 1979 World Cup, where they played their first One Day Internationals. The World Cup was not a successful tournament for the Canadians though, and they failed to progress beyond the first round, losing all three games.
Canada participated in the ICC Trophy again in 1982 and 1986. They could not repeat their success of 1979 though, and failed to progress beyond the first round on both occasions. Other internationals in the 1980s include a no result game against Ireland in 1981, [http://www.cricketarchive.co.uk/Archive/Scorecards/100/100648.html] and a 3 wicket loss to Barbados. [http://www.cricketarchive.co.uk/Archive/Scorecards/49/49335.html]
The 1990s saw Canada progress up the international ladder, playing in three further ICC Trophy tournaments, their best being a seventh place finish in 1997. They also began competing in West Indian domestic one-day cricket in 1996, and competed in the
Commonwealth Gamescricket tournament in 1998, though they did not progress beyond the first round.
2000 saw Canada host the first
ICC Americas Championship, a tournament which they won. The following year they embarked on a tour to Sri Lanka, but the highlight of 2001 was their hosting of the ICC Trophy. They finished third in the tournament, which qualified them for the 2003 World Cup. It was this ICC Trophy tournament that first saw the emergence of John Davison, who was to become one of Canada's most successful players.
Canada played various matches in the build up to the World Cup, visiting Argentina in April 2002, finishing as runners up to long time rivals the USA in the Americas Championship, swiftly followed by a fifth place finish in the
ICC 6 Nations Challengein Namibia. The West Indian A team toured Canada later in the year, and Canada won the one-day series 2-1, and drew a two day game. This was followed by Canada's best performance to date in West Indian domestic one-day cricket, winning two games in their first round group, just missing out on qualification for the semi finals.
The World Cup itself was a tournament of contrasting fortunes for the Canadians. They started with their first ODI win, over Bangladesh. Two games later saw them dismissed for 36 against Sri Lanka, then the lowest score in one-day international history. The next game against the West Indies saw John Davison score the fastest ever World Cup century, although Canada lost that game, and did not progress past the first round.
2004 started badly for Canada, with a last place finish in the Six Nations Challenge in the
United Arab Emiratesafter Canada lost all their games. They'd improved significantly by the time of the ICC Americas Championship in Bermuda, which they won. Also in 2004, Canada participated in the first ICC Intercontinental Cup, finishing as runners up to Scotland. The highlight of this tournament was the game against the USA in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, when John Davison recorded the best match bowling figures since Jim Laker's 19 wickets against Australia in 1956.
In 2005, Canada again finished third in the ICC Trophy, which gained them official ODI status from 2006 until the
2009 ICC World Cup Qualifier, as well as qualifying them for the 2007 World Cup. Their performance in the Intercontinental Cup that year was not as good as in 2004 however, as they did not make it past the first round.
In 2006, Canada put in good performances in the four-day
ICC Intercontinental Cup, beating Kenya by 25 runs and Bermuda by nine wickets, but their one day form was a complete reversal, losing three times to Bermuda and Kenya, and a further loss to Zimbabwe.
In August, Canada took part in the first Division of the Americas Championship. They beat Argentina and long time rivals the USA, but lost to the Cayman Islands and eventual winners Bermuda, and finished third, their worst performance so far in this tournament.
In June and July 2008, Canada will host Bermuda for three ODIs and Intercontinental Cup matches against Bermuda and Scotland. In August, Canada will travel to Ireland for an ODI and an Intercontinental Cup match.
*2004: Runners up
*2005: First round
*1998: First round
ICC 6 Nations Challenge
*2002: 5th place
*2004: 6th place
ICC Trophy ICC Americas Championship
*2002: Runners up
*2006: 3rd place
Notable Former Players
Canada Under 19s
The Canadian Under 19 team have competed in the Under 19 World Cup on two occasions. In 2002, they were eliminated in the first round, meaning they competed in the plate competition, in which they did not win a game. They repeated this performance in the 2004 competition.
*Highest team total: 312/4 v Ireland,
4 February 2007at Nairobi, Kenya
*Highest individual score: 137*,
Ashish Bagaiv Scotland, 31 January 2007at Nairobi, Kenya
*Best innings bowling: 5/27,
Austin Codringtonv Bangladesh, 11 February 2003at Kingsmead, Durban, South Africa
Most ODI runs for Canada [cite web|url=http://content-aus.cricinfo.com/canada/engine/records/batting/most_runs_career.html?class=2;id=17;type=team| title=Canada ODI Career Batting| publisher=Cricinfo]
Most ODI wickets for Canada [cite web|url=http://content-aus.cricinfo.com/canada/engine/records/bowling/most_wickets_career.html?class=2;id=17;type=team| title=Canada ODI Career Bowling| publisher=Cricinfo]
*Highest team total: 356/5 v Papua New Guinea,
16 June 1986at Walsall, England
*Highest individual score: 164 not out,
Paul Prashadv Papua New Guinea, 16 June 1986at Walsall, England
*Best innings bowling: 7/21, B Singh v Namibia,
14 February 1994at NairobiClub Ground, Kenya
**Ray Nascimento 176 runs - Canada vs United States at
Toronto, Ontario, 1963
**Ken Trestrail 175 runs - Canada vs Combined Services at
Chatham, England, 1954
**Qaiser Ali 174 runs - Canada vs Netherlands at
Pretoria, South Africa, 2006
**John Davison 165 runs - Canada vs Bermuda at
King City, Ontario, 2006
**Paul Prashad 164 runs not out - Canada vs Papua New Guinea at (ICC Trophy) England, 1986
**Joel Bradbury 9 wkts for 6 - Canada vs United States at
Toronto, Ontario, 1854
**Brian Christen 9 wkts for 38 - Canada vs United States at
Toronto, Ontario, 1952
**John Davison 9 wkts for 76 - Canada vs United States at
Fort Lauderdale, Florida, 2004
**Edward Ogden 9 wkts for 83 - Canada vs MCC at Lord's, England, 1887
**Edward Ogden 8 wkts for 27 - Canada vs Warwickshire at
Birmingham, England, 1887
A provincial championship is slated for 17-19 May 2008.
Calgary and District Cricket League
Edmonton and District Cricket League
British Columbia Mainland Cricket League
Mid-Islands Cricket Association
Prince George Cricket Association
Victoria and District Cricket League
Manitoba Cricket League
Toronto and District Cricket Association
Etobicoke and District Cricket League
Hamilton and District Cricket Association
Ottawa Valley Cricket Council
Southern Ontario Cricket Association
Quebec Cricket League
Sport in Canada
Canadian women's cricket team
Canadian national cricket captains
* [http://www.canadiancricket.org Canadian Cricket Association official website]
* [http://www.canadacricket.com Independent website covering Canadian cricket]
* [http://www.cricinfo.com/link_to_database/NATIONAL/ICC_MEMBERS/CAN/CCA_HISTORY_11SEP1997.html Cricinfo article on the history of Canadian cricket]
* [http://www.canadacricket.blogspot.com Fan blog covering national team matches]
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