- Kaamulan Festival
observance=Celebrated by the people of Bukidnon to commemorate the ethnic traditions of the seven (7) hill tribes in the province
date2010 = March 6
date2011 = March 5
date2012 = March 3
date2013 = March 2
date2014 = March 1
date2015 = March 7
date2016 = March 5
date2017 = March 4
date2018 = March 3
date2019 = March 2
celebrations=Ethnic Rituals, Street Dancing,
significance=Honoring the ethnic traditions of
Bukidnon's seven (7) ethnic hill tribes
The Kaamulan Festival is a
Bukidnonethnic-cultural festival that takes place from the last week of February to the first week of March. Kaamulan, from the Binukid word "amul", "to gather"cite web | title= PCIJ Podcast Interview with Bukidnon Ethnographer | url= www.pcij.org/blog/wp-docs/PCIJPodcastBukidnonEthnographerOpena.pdf | accessmonthday=April 16 | accessyear=2008 | publisher = "Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism (PCIJ)" ] , is an indigenous Bukidnon term for a gathering for any purpose. It can mean a datukship ritual, a wedding ceremony, a thanksgiving festival during harvest time, a peace pact, or any number of these together.cite web|url=http://www.sunstar.com.ph/static/cag/2007/03/05/life/kibawe.town.wins.in.kaamulan.festival.html|title=Kibawe town wins in Kaamulan festival|date=] The Festival is held in Malaybalay Cityfrom the second half of February to March 10, the anniversary date of the foundation of Bukidnon as a province in 1917,d to celebrate the culture and tradition of the seven ethnic tribal groups—"Bukidnon, Higaonon, Talaandig, Manobo, Matigsalug, Tigwahanon and Umayamnon"—that originally inhabited the province.cite web|url=http://www.gov.ph/news/default.asp?i=862|title=GMA goes ethnic in Bukidnon's Kaamulan fest|date=] cite web|url=http://www.bukidnon.gov.ph/indextourism.htm|title=Bukidnon Tourism|date=] It is the only ethnic festival in the Philippines.cite web|url=http://www.mindanews.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1732&Itemid=60&cid=0&ei=DFTPRcuYL4S6pwKH8fwY|title=Foreign diplomats to grace Bukidnon's Kaamulan fest|date=]
Kaamulan started as a festival on May 15, 1974, during the fiesta celebration of the then municipality of Malaybalay. A town official thought of inviting some indigenous people to town and made them perform a few dance steps at Plaza Rizal to enliven the fiesta celebration. [cite web|url=http://www.seasite.niu.edu/Tagalog/Cynthia/festivals/kaamulan_festival.htm|title=Bukidnon heritage kept alive|date=2002-03-18] The celebration however proved very popular and together with national coverage the Kaamulan festival has become the regional festival of
Northern Mindanao, as declared by the Regional Development Council of Region 10 on September 16, 1977. [cite web|url=http://www.a1-philippine-travel-asia.com/bukidnon-kaamulan.html|title=Kaamulan Festival, Malaybalay City|date=] Kaamulan was formerly held on the first week of September but in 1996, it was transferred to the present date to synchronize it with the foundation celebration of the province.
*Late 1960s-Early 1970s – Several efforts were made by different individuals in the province to organize a celebration to honor the contribution of the indigenous peoples of Bukidnon to the culture of Bukidnon. Some organize celebrations in Barangay Kalasungay in Malaybalay.
May 15, 1974– Kaamulan was conceptualized by the Vice Mayor of the then municipality of Malaybalay, Mr. Edilberto Mamawag who invited some indigenous Bukidnon tribespeople during the celebration of the town fiesta in honor of Bukidnon’s Patron Saint San Isidro Labrador. Mamawag thought that few dance steps by the natives at Plaza Rizal would enliven the fiesta-goers.
September 16, 1977– Kaamulan was adopted as the regional festival of Northern Mindanao through a Regional Development Council resolutioncite web|url=http//:www.mb.com.ph/issues/2008/02/29/OPED20080229118185.html|title=Kaamulan Festival highlights Bukidnon's 91st Foundation Day|date=2008-02-29]
*November 25-27, 1977 – The first organized Kaamulan Festival was held in the province of Bukidnon and sponsored by the provincial government. Marks the formal establishment of the festival in the province.
*1978-1998 – Kaamulan was held every first Friday of September
*2002 – President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo graced the celebration, where several native women dressed on her in an ethnic costume. First Kaamulan Off-Road Challenge and First Kaamulan Invitational Shoot Fest were added to the activities of the festival. Bansagen, an exhibit of Bukidnon contemporary art done by a group of Bukidnon-based artists, was done for the first time.
*2006 – The First National Folklore Conference was held in consonance with the celebration of the Kaamulan Festival. An indigenous song writing clinic for students and the general public was held.The champion for the street dancing competition is the municipality of Malitbog.
*2007 – Marks the 30th year celebration by the province of the Kaamulan Festival from its formal date of establishment (1977). Theme of the celebration is “Spiritual Awakening”. Also marks the 90th Foundation Day celebration of the province of Bukidnon. The municipality of Kibawe won the street dancing competition, followed by Talakag and Malaybalay City. Kitaotao won the Float Competition, followed by Kadingilan and Kibawe.
The Seven Tribes Of Bukidnon
The typical Indigenous People of this Province are broadly identified into two ethnical origins namely: the Bukidnon and the Manobo. The Bukidnons have distinct physical characteristics whom may be describe as with slight build bodies, slanting eyelets, relatively high noses with lips that ranges from medium and brown to light skin color. They speak binukid, which is distinctive with up and down tone unlike other dialects. While the Manobo is a Negrito mixture and resembles to have small bodies, dark skin, curly hair with broad to flat noses. Socially, the so called Bukidnon live in the relative flatlands of the Bukidnon plateau and have already adopted Christian ways and utilized modern technology while the Manobos live in the mountains and do not want to mingle with the Christians and other people. It is believed that Bukidnon have a more advanced stage of development and who have developed their own culture and traditions.
The Bukidnon tribes were classified as lowlands and socially acculturated Christians adopting modern technology through educational enhancement. These are the following:
References and notes
* [http://www.bukidnon.gov.ph Official Website of the Province of Bukidnon]
* [http://www.mindanao.com/malaybalaycity/ Liko Kaw Daw Panumbalay Dani!: The Un-Official Website of the City Government of Malaybalay]
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