Lawrence Block

Lawrence Block

Infobox Writer
name = Lawrence Block

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pseudonym = Chip Harrison, Paul Kavanagh, others
birthdate = Birth date and age|1938|6|24|mf=y
birthplace = Buffalo, New York
deathdate =
deathplace =
occupation = novelist, short story writer
nationality = United States
period =
1950s - present
genre = Crime fiction, mystery fiction
subject =
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influences =
influenced =

website =

Lawrence Block (born June 24, 1938) is an acclaimed contemporary American crime writer best known for two long-running New York-set series, about the recovering alcoholic P.I. Matthew Scudder and gentleman burglar Bernie Rhodenbarr, respectively. Block was named a Grand Master by the Mystery Writers of America in 1993.


Born in Buffalo, N.Y., Lawrence Block attended Antioch College in Yellow Springs, OH, but left before graduating. His earliest work, published pseudonymously in the 1950s, was mostly in the porn paperback industry, an apprenticeship he shared with fellow mystery author Donald E. Westlake. The first of his "own" work to appear was the 1957 story "You Can't Lose." He has since published more than fifty novels and more than a hundred short stories, as well as a series of books for writers.

Block has lived in New York City for decades, setting most of his fiction there, and has come to be very closely associated with the city. He is married to Lynne Block, and has three daughters, Amy Reichel, Jill Block and Alison Pouliot, from an earlier marriage. With Lynne, he spends much of his time traveling (the two have been to nearly 100 countries), but continues to consider New York his home.

Matthew Scudder

Block's most famous creation, the ever-evolving Matthew Scudder, was introduced in 1976's "The Sins of the Fathers" as an alcoholic ex-cop working as an unlicensed private investigator in Hell's Kitchen. Originally published as paperbacks, the early novels are interchangeable; the second and third entries—"In the Midst of Death" (1976) and "Time to Murder and Create" (1977)—were written in the opposite order. 1982's "Eight Million Ways to Die" (filmed in 1988 by Hal Ashby, with unpopular results) breaks from that trend, concluding with Scudder introducing himself at an Alcoholics Anonymous meeting. The series was set to end on that note, but an idle promise Block had made to supply an editor friend with an original Scudder short resulted in "By the Dawn's Early Light," a story set during the character's drinking days, but told from the perspective of a recovering alcoholic. Block expanded on that with 1986's "When the Sacred Ginmill Closes" (named for a line in a song by folk singer Dave Van Ronk, a close friend), which proved not only one of the most literary entries, but also a favorite of the author and his fans. From then on, Scudder's circumstances rarely remain the same from one book to the next; 1990's "A Ticket to the Boneyard," for example, reunites him with Elaine Mardell, a hooker from his days on the force, whom he marries several books later. Other high points are 1991's taut, gruesome "A Dance at the Slaughterhouse" (winner of the Edgar award for best Mystery Novel), and 1993's "A Long Line of Dead Men," an ingeniously-plotted puzzler featuring a rapidly dwindling fraternity known as the "Club of 31." The sixteenth entry in the series, "All the Flowers Are Dying," was published in early 2005.

Though it's been suggested that Scudder's struggle with alcoholism is in part autobiographical, Block has repeatedly refused to discuss the subject, citing AA's own tradition of anonymity.

Bernie Rhodenbarr

Block's other major series, much lighter in tone, relates the misadventures of gentleman burglar Bernie Rhodenbarr. Unlike Scudder, Rhodenbarr is ageless, remaining essentially the same from 1977's "Burglars Can't Be Choosers," to the tenth and most recent entry, 2004's "The Burglar on the Prowl." The only significant advancements come in the third volume, "The Burglar Who Liked to Quote Kipling" (1979, winner of the first annual Nero Award) which sees Bernie having used the spoils from his previous caper to buy a bookstore, and introduces Carolyn Kaiser, his lesbian "soulmate" and partner in crime. The plots run very much to form: Bernie breaks into a residence (usually on Manhattan's Upper East Side), and, through a series of implausible events, becomes involved in a murder investigation—often as the prime suspect. Not even an eleven-year hiatus (between 1983's "The Burglar Who Painted Like Mondrian" and 1994's "The Burglar Who Traded Ted Williams") would see that basic formula change. There is, however, a meta quality to the more recent entries: Bernie, the reluctant detective, is himself a bookseller and genre fan, and is apt to make references to Agatha Christie, E.W. Hornung (his cat is named "Raffles"), Dashiell Hammett, Raymond Chandler, Sue Grafton and John Sandford, among others. "The Burglar Who Thought He Was Bogart" (1995) exploits this to full effect: set during a Humphrey Bogart film festival, the story is itself inspired by many of the actor's most famous roles. "The Burglar in the Library" (1997) similarly imagines a meeting between Hammet and Chandler at a New England inn in the 1940s, casting a volume inscribed by Hammett to Chandler as its own Maltese Falcon. "The Burglar in the Rye" is one of the more intriguing books in the series, as Bernie works to track down a writer clearly based on J.D. Salinger as reflected in the title. "The Burglar in The Closet" was filmed in 1987 as "Burglar", with Whoopie Goldberg as Bernie (now short for "Bernice").

Evan Michael Tanner

Besides Scudder and Rhodenbarr, Block has written eight novels about Evan Tanner, an adventurer and accidental revolutionary who, as a result of an injury sustained in the Korean War, cannot sleep. All but the last of these were published in the '60s and early '70s (beginning with 1966's "The Thief Who Couldn't Sleep"), while the most recent, 1998's "Tanner on Ice," revived the character after a nearly a thirty-year hiatus.

Chip Harrison

This is Block's salute to the Nero Wolfe series created by Rex Stout. The character Chip Harrison is a take on Wolfe's assistant, Archie Goodwin. In the series, Block created Leo Haig, a character who openly models himself after Nero Wolfe, imitating most of Nero Wolfe's peculiarities such as refusing to leave his residence on business, sending out his associate instead to do the "legwork," and copying Wolfe's habits, such as obsession with plants but substituting the object of affection with tropical fish instead.

Block's Haig believes that Nero Wolfe and Archie Goodwin actually exist in real life, living and operating under pseudonyms; that Rex Stout was only a chronicler and one pseudonym of Archie Goodwin; and that if Haig proves himself worthy, Wolfe will invite Haig to dinner.

Having read all publications on Wolfe, Haig operates as he imagines Wolfe would, and assigns Chip Harrison tasks as Wolfe would assign Goodwin.

Martin Ehrengraf

Block created Martin Ehrengraf as a sartorially impeccable lawyer who charged outrageous fees but always get his clients off the hook from whatever they were charged with. Ehrengraf always insisted that the clients he accepted were innocent and never settled for any form of pleading or bargaining.

Ehrengraf would work in such a way that most of the time, his clients never even stood for trial, the charges would be dropped after evidence suddenly turned up to show someone else was the culprit. Half the time, that someone else would also be dead, with a confession note or incriminating evidence to be found by the police. Many times, it seemed like Ehrengraf had done nothing to earn his fee, yet he always claimed it, strongly hinting to his clients, some who balked, that the surprising turn of events was the result of his orchestrations rather than revelations of the actual truth.

Two sub-themes recurred in Martin Ehrengraf stories. The first was that he would wear what was described as a Caedmon Society necktie, after a fictional Oxford society created by Block for the Ehrengraf series. The necktie and the society was introduced in the short story "The Ehrengraf Defense", and subsequently, always worn by Ehrengraf when meeting his client to collect his fee, having masterminded the exoneration of the client from all charges.

Another sub-theme was that Ehrengraf would always find profit for his work, even when none seemed apparent in the beginning where the client could not afford the fee or he was called to do his share of work as a public defender.


Four episodic novels — "Hit Man", "Hit List", "Hit Parade", and "Hit and Run" — rework and combine a series of stories about Keller, a lonely, wistful hitman who originally appeared as a semi-regular feature in "Playboy" magazine in the 1990s. Keller receives assignments via a contact named Dot, based in White Plains. His assignments usually take him to different cities, where Keller soon envisions himself retiring from the business, daydreaming about settling there, before finishing off the assignment and returning, his fantasies forgotten as a passing dream.

Other works

"Small Town" (2003), Block's first non-series book in fifteen years, details a group of New Yorkers' varying responses to the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. Block has also written dozens of short stories over the years, and he is the only three-time winner of the Edgar Award for Best Short Story. The 2002 collection "Enough Rope" compiles stories, 84 in all, from earlier collections, such as "Like a Lamb to Slaughter" and "Sometimes They Bite", along with new and previously uncollected stories.

In addition to writing the scripts for a handful of television episodes over the years—including, in 2005, two episodes of the ESPN series "Tilt"—Block co-wrote the screenplay for "My Blueberry Nights", a 2007 film directed by Wong Kar-wai and starring Norah Jones. [ "A Hodge-Podge of Homicide"] by OTTO PENZLER, The New York Sun, June 13, 2007, accessed 13 June 2007 ]

elected bibliography

Matthew Scudder novels

#"The Sins of the Fathers" (1976)
#"In the Midst of Death" (1976)
#"Time to Murder and Create" (1977)
#"A Stab in the Dark" (1981)
#"Eight Million Ways to Die" (1982)
#"When the Sacred Ginmill Closes" (1986)
#"Out on the Cutting Edge" (1989)
#"A Ticket to the Boneyard" (1990)
#"A Dance at the Slaughterhouse" (1991)
#"A Walk Among the Tombstones" (1992)
#"The Devil Knows You're Dead" (1993)
#"A Long Line of Dead Men" (1994)
#"Even the Wicked" (1997)
#"Everybody Dies" (1998)
#"Hope to Die" (2001)
#"All the Flowers Are Dying" (2005)

Bernie Rhodenbarr novels

#"Burglars Can't Be Choosers" (1977)
#"The Burglar in the Closet" (1978)
#"The Burglar Who Liked to Quote Kipling" (1979)
#"The Burglar Who Studied Spinoza" (1980)
#"The Burglar Who Painted Like Mondrian" (1983)
#"The Burglar Who Traded Ted Williams" (1994)
#"The Burglar Who Thought He Was Bogart" (1995)
#"The Burglar in the Library" (1997)
#"The Burglar in the Rye" (1999)
#"The Burglar on the Prowl" (2004)There are also Bernie Rhodenbarr short stories: "The Burglar Who Dropped In On Elvis" and "The Burglar Who Smelled Smoke".

Evan Tanner novels

#"The Thief Who Couldn't Sleep" (1966)
#"The Canceled Czech" (1966)
#"Tanner's Twelve Swingers" (1967)
#"The Scoreless Thai" (a.k.a. "Two for Tanner") (1968)
#"Tanner's Tiger" (1968)
#"Here Comes a Hero" (a.k.a. "Tanner's Virgin") (1968)
#"Me Tanner, You Jane" (1970)
#"Tanner on Ice" (1998)

Chip Harrison novels (as Chip Harrison)

#"No Score" (1970)
#"Chip Harrison Scores Again" (1971)
#"Make Out With Murder" (a.k.a. "The Five Little Rich Girls") (1974)
#"The Topless Tulip Caper" (1975)"As Dark As Christmas Gets" (1997) is a Chip Harrison short story written specifically for customers of the Otto Penzler owned Mysterious Bookshop. It was printed in booklet format for the 1997 holiday season.

Keller novels

#"Hit Man" (1998)
#"Hit List" (2000)
#"Hit Parade" (2006)
#"Hit and Run" (June 2008)

Paul Kavanagh novels

#"Such Men Are Dangerous" (1969)
#"The Triumph of Evil" (1971)
#"Not Comin' Home to You" (1974)

Other fiction

*"Cinderella Sims" (a.k.a "$20 Lust") (1961)
*"Coward's Kiss" (a.k.a. "Death Pulls a Doublecross") (1961)
*"Grifter's Game" (a.k.a. "Mona", a.k.a. "Sweet Slow Death") (1961)
*"You Could Call it Murder" (1961)
*"The Girl With the Long Green Heart" (1965)
*"Deadly Honeymoon" (1967)
*"After the First Death" (1969)
*"The Specialists" (1969)
*"Ronald Rabbit is a Dirty Old Man" (1971)
*"Ariel" (1980)
*"Random Walk" (1988)
*"Enough Rope: Collected Stories" (2002)
*"Small Town" (2003)
*"My Blueberry Nights" (2007)

Books for writers

*"Writing the Novel From Plot to Print" (1979)
*"Telling Lies for Fun & Profit" (1981)
*"Write For Your Life" (1986)
*"Spider, Spin Me a Web" (1987)


External links

* [ Lawrence Block's homepage]
*imdb name|0088747|Lawrence Block

NAME=Block, Lawrence
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=Harrison, Chip (pseudonym); Kavanagh, Paul (pseudonym)
DATE OF BIRTH=June 24 1938
PLACE OF BIRTH=Buffalo, New York

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  • Lawrence — /lawr euhns, lor /, n. 1. D(avid) H(erbert), 1885 1930, English novelist. 2. Ernest O(rlando), 1901 58, U.S. physicist: inventor of the cyclotron; Nobel prize 1939. 3. Gertrude, 1901? 52, English actress. 4. Jacob, born 1917, U.S. painter and… …   Universalium

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