Barton Swing Aqueduct

Barton Swing Aqueduct

Infobox Historic building

caption=The Barton Swing Aqueduct in the closed position
name=Barton Swing Aqueduct
location_town=Barton upon Irwell
map_type=Greater Manchester
engineer=Sir Edward Leader Williams
style=Swing bridge
size=convert|330|ft|m| long

The Barton Swing Aqueduct is a moveable aqueduct in Barton upon Irwell in Greater Manchester, England. It carries the Bridgewater Canal across the Manchester Ship Canal and allows the large vessels using the Manchester Ship Canal to pass by the canal. The aqueduct is a Grade II* listed building and is considered a major feat of Victorian civil engineering.cite web|title=Barton Swing Aqueduct |url= |publisher=Images of England |accessdate=2008-01-20] cite web | title=Facts and Figures | work=Manchester Ship Canal | url= | accessdate=2007-10-01] Designed by Sir Edward Leader Williams and built by Andrew Handyside of Derby, it opened in 1894 and is regularly used to this day.


The Barton Swing Aqueduct was a direct replacement for the earlier Barton Aqueduct, a stone structure crossing the River Irwell. The original stone aqueduct was designed by James Brindley and dated to 1761; it was described as "one of the seven wonders of the canal age".Harvnb|Nevell|1997|p=135.] The construction of the Manchester Ship Canal in the 1890s necessitated the replacement of this structure, as the ships using the new canal would have been too large to pass under the original aqueduct. An alternative scheme involving the use of a double lock flight was not used, because of the need to conserve Bridgewater canal water. [Harvnb|Ryall|2000|p=686.]

The new aqueduct was designed by Sir Edward Leader Williams, engineer to the Manchester Ship Canal Company, and built by Andrew Handyside of Derby. It became operational in 1893 with the first barge crossing it on 21 August (Williams was also involved with the design of the region's other major 'moving canal' feat: the Anderton Boat Lift in Cheshire). The aqueduct was commercially opened on 1st January 1894. [cite web|title=The Manchester Ship Canal: a brief history.. |url= |format=PDF | |accessdate=2008-01-20]


The aqueduct is a form of swing bridge. When closed, it allows canal traffic to pass along the Bridgewater Canal. When large vessels need to pass along the Ship Canal, the convert|1450|MT|0 convert|330|ft|m| long iron trough is rotated 90 degrees on a pivot mounted on a small, purpose-built island in the Ship Canal. A gate at each end of the trough retains around convert|800|MT|0 of water; further gates on each bank retain water in their adjacent stretches of canal. The aqueduct once had a suspended towpath along its length however this has been removed in recent years on grounds of safety.

The island in the ship canal is also the pivot point and control centre for the swing road bridge so when boats pass on the ship canal, both are lined up along the island. The bridge is controlled from a brick control tower on this island. [Harvnb|Ryall|2000|p=686.]



*Citation |first=Mike |last=Nevell |date=1997 |title=The Archaeology of Trafford |publisher=Trafford Metropolitan Borough with University of Manchester Archaeological Unit |isbn=1-870695-25-9
*Citation|last=Ryall|First=M. J. |title=The Manual of Bridge Engineering |publisher=Thomas Telford | year=2000 | ISBN=0727727745 |url=
*Citation|last=Cossons|First=Neil|title=The Bp Book of Industrial Archaeology|publisher=David & Charles PLC|year=1987
*Citation|last=Fletcher|First=John C.|title=The History and Operation of Barton Swing Aqueduct|publisher=John & Margaret Fletcher|year=1992|isbn=0951905805

External links

* [ Videos of the Aqueduct in motion]
* [ Barton Swing Aqueduct]
* [ Bridgewater Canal]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Barton Swing Aqueduct — 53.4748 2.3521 Koordinaten: 53° 28′ 29″ N, 2° 21′ 8″ W …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Barton-upon-Irwell — infobox UK place latitude= 53.47638 longitude= 2.36006 official name= Barton upon Irwell map type= Greater Manchester population= os grid reference= SJ762978 metropolitan borough= Salford metropolitan county= Greater Manchester region= North West …   Wikipedia

  • Aqueduct — An aqueduct is an artificial channel that is constructed to convey water from one location to another. The word is derived from the Latin aqua , water, and ducere ( to lead ). The word is also used for any bridge that carries water, similar to… …   Wikipedia

  • Barton Aqueduct — 53.4748 2.3521 Koordinaten: 53° 28′ 29″ N, 2° 21′ 8″ W …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Swing bridge — A swing bridge is a movable bridge that has as its primary structural support a vertical locating pin and support ring at or near to its center, about which the turning span can then pivot horizontally as shown in the animated illustration below …   Wikipedia

  • Navigable aqueduct — See also: List of canal aqueducts in Great Britain Narrowboat crossing the World Heritage Pontcysyllte Aqueduct in Wales …   Wikipedia

  • Manchester Ship Canal — The Stolt Kittiwake heading toward the Mersey Estuary, 2005 Principal engineer Edward Leader Williams Date of act …   Wikipedia

  • Bridgewater Canal — This article is about the canal in North West England. For the canal in Somerset, see Bridgwater and Taunton Canal. Bridgewater Canal The packet house at Worsley, on the canal Principal e …   Wikipedia

  • Liste de ponts du Royaume-Uni — Cette liste de ponts du Royaume Uni recense les ponts les plus remarquables du fait de leurs caractéristiques dimensionnelles ou de leur intérêt architectural ou historique en Angleterre, en Écosse, au Pays de Galles et en Irlande du nord. Les… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • City of Salford — For the individual settlement, see Salford, Greater Manchester. For the local government district in existence from 1926 to 1974, see County Borough of Salford. City of Salford   Metropolitan borough city   …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”