Schedule for Nonadaptive and Adaptive Personality

Schedule for Nonadaptive and Adaptive Personality

The Schedule for Nonadaptive and Adaptive Personality (SNAP) is a self-reporting questionnaire for assessment of personality disorders (Axis II of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) [John M. Oldham, Andrew E. Skodol, Donna S. Bender (2005) "The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook Of Personality Disorders", ISBN 1585621595 [ , p. 96] ] introduced in 1993 by Lee Anna Clark. [Clark, L. A. (1993). The Schedule for Nonadaptive and Adaptive Personality (SNAP).Minneapolis, MN : University of Minnesota Press.] It is not to be confused with SNAP-IV — the Swanson, Nolan, and Pelham Rating Scale, rev. 4. [David Shaffer, Christopher P. Lucas, John Edward Richters (eds.) (1999) "Diagnostic Assessment in Child and Adolescent Psychopathology", ISBN 1572305029, [ p. 110] ]

Initially it was compiled from the DSM-III criteria. The questions are grouped into 15 scales. Twelve of them assess maladaptive personality: mistrust, self-harm, eccentric perceptions, aggression, manipulativeness, entitlement, detachment, exhibitionism, dependency, impulsivity, workaholism, propriety, and three assess rather broad traits: negative temperament, positive temperament, disinhibition, [W. John Livesley (1999) "Handbook of Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment", ISBN 1572306297 [,M1 p. 24] ]

The convergence of SNAP with other independently developed tests, such as DAPP-BQ (Dimensional Assessment of Personality Pathology—Basic Questionnaire), are noted in literature.


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