chemistry, photocatalysis is the acceleration of a photoreaction in the presence of a catalyst. In catalysed photolysis, light is absorbed by an adsorbed substrate. In photogenerated catalysisthe photocatalytic activity(PCA) depends on the ability of the catalyst to create electron–hole pairs, which generate free radicals (hydroxyl radicals: OH) able to undergo secondary reactions. Its comprehension has been made possible ever since the discovery of water electrolysisby means of the titanium dioxide.Commercial application of the process is called Advanced Oxidation Process(es) (AOP) [http://www.hfpurewater.com/Advanced_Oxidation.htm] . There are several methods of achieving AOP's, that can but do not necessarily involve TiO2 or even the use of UV. Generally the defining factor is the production and use of the hydroxylion.
* Conversion of water to hydrogen gas by
water splittingphotocatalysis  . An efficient photocatalyst in the UV range is based on a Sodium tantalumoxide SodiumTantalumOxygen3 with cocatalyst nickel oxide. The surface of the Sodium tantalum oxidecrystals is grooved with so called nanosteps that is a result of doping with Lanthanum (3-15 nm range, see nanotechnology). The NiO particles which facilitate hydrogen gas evolution are present on the edges, the oxygen gas evolves from the grooves.
* Use of
titanium dioxidein self cleaning coatings. Free radicals [cite web |url=http://www.calutech.com/photocatalytic-oxidation.htm|title=Snapcat Photo Catalytic Oxidation with Titanium Dioxide (2005)|publisher=CaluTech UV Air|accessdate=2006-12-05] generated from TitaniumO2 oxidize organic matter. [http://www.titaniumart.com/photocatalysis-ti02.html]
* Disinfection of water by
titanium dioxidephotocatalysis [cite journal |author=McCullagh C, Robertson JMC, Bahnemann DW, Robertson PKJ |title=The application of TiO2 photocatalysis for disinfection of water contaminated with pathogenic micro-organisms: a review |journal=Research on Chemical Intermediates |volume=33 |issue=3-5 |pages=359-375 |year=2007 |doi=10.1163/156856707779238775] .
Oxidationof organic contaminants using magneticparticles that are coated with titanium dioxidenanoparticles and agitated using a magnetic fieldwhile being exposed to UV light  .
* Use of photocatalysis in
*  Strategies for the Development of Visible-light-driven Photocatalysts for Water Splitting Akihiko Kudo, Hideki Kato1 and Issei Tsuji Chemistry Letters Vol. 33 (2004) , No. 12 p.1534
*  Kostedt, W. L., IV.; Drwiega, J; Mazyck, D. W.; Lee, S.-W.; Sigmund, W.; Wu, C.-Y.; Chadik, P. Magnetically agitated photocatalytic reactor for photocatalytic oxidation of aqueous phase organic pollutants. Environmental Science & Technology 2005, 39(20), 8052-8056.
* [http://www.photokatalyse.fraunhofer.de/ Fraunhofer Photocatalysis Alliance]
* [http://www.photoenergy.org/ijp/glossary.pdf Glossary]
* [http://www.tip.csiro.au/IMP/EnergySustain/HydrogenProduction/materials.htm Materials]
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