- Antonio Sant'Elia
Antonio Sant'Elia (
April 30, 1888- October 10, 1916) was an Italian architect.
He was born in
Como, Lombardy. A builder by training, he opened a designoffice in Milanin 1912 and became involved with the Futurist movement. Between 1912 and 1914, influenced by industrial cities of the United Statesand the Viennese architects Otto Wagnerand Adolf Loos, he began a series of design drawings for a futurist "Città Nuova" ("New City") that was conceived as symbolic of a new age.
Many of these drawings were displayed at the first and only exhibition of the "Nuove Tendenze" group (of which he was a member) exhibition in May/June 1914 at the "Famiglia Artistica" gallery. Today, some of these drawings are on permanent display at Como's art gallery (Pinacoteca). (They used to be in the Villa Olmo)
manifesto"Futurist Architecture" was published in August 1914, supposedly by Sant'Elia, though this is subject to debate. In it the author stated that "the decorative value of Futurist architecture depends solely on the use and original arrangement of raw or bare or violently colored materials"Fact|date=March 2008. As described in this manifesto, his designs featured bold groupings and large-scale disposition of planes and masses creating a heroic industrial expressionism. His vision was for a highly industrialised and mechanized city of the future, which he saw not as a mass of individual buildings but a vast, multi-level, interconnected and integrated urban conurbationdesigned around the "life" of the city. His extremely influential designs featured vast monolithic skyscraperbuildings with terraces, bridges and aerial walkways that embodied the sheer excitement of modern architecture and technology.
A socialist as well as an irredentist, Sant'Elia joined the Italian army as Italy entered
World War Iin 1915. He was killed during the Battles of the Isonzo, near Monfalcone. Most of his designs were never built, but his futurist vision has influenced many architects, artists and designers.
"La Citta Nuova", 1914
* [http://web.tiscali.it/antonio_santelia/index.htm Website in Italian, www.sant-elia.net]
* [http://www.unknown.nu/futurism/architecture.html Manifesto of Futurist Architecture]
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