- Pacorus II of Parthia
Pacorus II of Parthia ruled the Parthian Empire from about 78 to 105. A son of Vonones II and brother of Vologases I, he was given the kingdom of
Media Atropateneby the latter after his succession to the throne. After Vologases' death, Pacorus revolted against his brother's son and successor, Vologases II (c. 78–80), defeating and deposing him.
Dio CassiusPacorus sold the kingdom of Osroeneto Abgar VII, and according to Ammianus Marcellinushe enlarged the Parthian Ctesiphonand built its walls.
In the year 101, Pacorus sent an embassy to the
Han Dynastyof China, the latter which recorded Parthia as the Anxikingdom. [Crespigny, 239.]
On his numerous coins he always calls himself "Arsaces Pacorus". This mention of his proper name, together with the royal name Arsaces, shows that his kingdom was disputed by rivals. Three of them we know from coins; in addition to Vologases II, they included Artabanus III, c. 80–90 and Vologases III, from about 105.
Pacorus died about 105; he was succeeded by his brother Osroes I.
*Crespigny, Rafe de. (2007). "A Biographical Dictionary of Later Han to the Three Kingdoms (23-220 AD)". Leiden: Koninklijke Brill. ISBN 9004156054.
Dio Cassius, lxviii, 17.
Ammianus Marcellinus, "Res Gestae", xxiii, 6, 23.
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