Francien is nineteenth-century linguists' term applied to the particular langue d'oïl that was spoken in the Île-de-France region (with Paris at its center) before the establishment of the French language as a standard language. ["Ce terme est une dénomination linguistique du XIXe siècle. En effet, avant on parlait tout simplement de françoys ou de françois (prononcé [frãswè] puis [frãsè] )" (French Wikipedia).]

According to one theory of the development of French, Francien was chosen out of all the competing Oïl languages as an official language (Norman and Picard being the main competitors in the mediaeval period). The theory currently prevailing, however, is that Francien was one of the dialects in the dialect continuum on top of which an administrative language, untrammelled by perceived regionalisms, was imposed as a compromise means of communication and record to replace Latin.

The existence and definition of Francien was put forward in the 19th century, partly to support the idea of the French language as enjoying a direct and pure lineage from Latin and to minimise the contribution of the various Romance languages of France. Nowadays, the question of Francien is a controversial topic in discussions of language policy in France.

ee also

*Old French
*Ordinance of Villers-Cotterêts


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Francien — Parlée en France Région Île de France Typologie SVO Classification par famille …   Wikipédia en Français

  • francien — [ frɑ̃sjɛ̃ ] n. m. • 1889; de France ♦ Ling. Dialecte de langue d oïl, parlé en Île de France et en Orléanais au Moyen Âge, qui a supplanté les autres dialectes pour donner le français. ● francien nom masculin (de France, nom propre) Dialecte de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Francien — (Herzogthum F., Herzogthum Isle de France), Herzogthum, eigentlich Grafschaft in Frankreich, umfaßte bes. die Grafschaften Paris (daher auch Herzogthum Paris) u. Orleans, Gatinois, Chartram. Blaifois, Perche, Touraine, Anjou, Maine, die Districte …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Francĭen — (Isle de France), im Mittelalter ein Herzogtum in Frankreich, eins der großen Kronlehen des Reiches, das in den Zeiten seiner höchsten Blüte die Grafschaften Paris, Orléans, Melun und Etampes umfaßte. Als erster Herzog von F. wird Robert der… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Francien — Francien, Frankreich …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Francien Huurman — (born April 18, 1975 in Pijnacker, Zuid Holland) is a female volleyball player from the Netherlands, who plays as a middle blocker. She was a member of the Dutch National Women s Team that won the gold medal at the FIVB World Grand Prix 2007 in… …   Wikipedia

  • Francien dialect — ▪ Old French language       the medieval dialect of Old French (French language) that furnishes the basis for the literary and official form of the modern French language. Francien was spoken in the region of Île de France, which included the… …   Universalium

  • francien — fran·cien …   English syllables

  • francien — fräⁿsyaⁿ noun ( s) Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: French, from Île de France + ien ian : the dialect of French used in the middle ages in Île de France that furnishes the basis for the literary and official form of the modern French… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Frankreich [3] — Frankreich (Gesch.). I. Vom Anfang der geschichtlichen Zeit bis zum Ende der römischen Herrschaft, 486 v. Chr. Die ersten Bewohner des heutigen F s waren Celten (s.d.), von den Römern Gallier genannt; nur einzelne Theile des Landes wurden zu der… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”