- Toots Shor
Bernard "Toots" Shor (
May 6, 1903– January 23, 1977) was, during the 1940s and 1950s, the proprietor of a legendary restaurant, Toots Shor's Restaurant, in Manhattan. He was known as a "saloonkeeper", friend, and confidante to some of New York's biggest celebrities during that era.
Shor was born in
Philadelphiato Orthodox Jewish parents — his father of Austrian descent from Germany and his mother from Russia. He and his two older sisters were raised in a home above the family candy store in South Philadelphia. When Shor was 15 years old, his mother was killed by an automobile while sitting on the stoop outside their home. His father committed suicide five years later. Shor attended the Drexel Institute of Technologyand the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvaniabefore working as a traveling shirt and underwear salesman.
Shor went to
New York Cityin 1930 and found employment as a bouncer at the Five O'Clock Club, which served as his introduction to celebrities. He later worked at several other nightspots: The Napoleon Club, Lahiff's Tavern, the Ball & Chain, the Madison Royale, and Leon & Eddie's. He became a great man about town in Manhattan after opening his own restaurant at 51 West 51st Street. While the food at Toots Shor's Restaurant was known to be “nuttin’ fancy” — standard American, sports-bar fare such as shrimp cocktail, steak, baked potato — the establishment became well-known for who frequented there and how Shor interacted with them. In a famous incident, Shor outdrank comedian Jackie Gleasonand left him on the floor to prove the point. (At Toots' funeral, the coffin had a spray of red roses with a card which read, "Save a Table for 2", signed Jackie Gleason.
Shor was a raconteur and a master of the "needle," jibes or quips directed at the famous. Celebrity alone was not enough to receive first-class service in Shor's restaurant. According to
David Halberstamin his book "The Summer of '49", guests had to observe the unwritten "code" which prevailed in Shor's establishment. Charlie Chaplin, who was not privy to that code, was made to wait in line. When Chaplin complained, Shor told him to entertain the others who were waiting in line. One day, Hollywood boss Louis B. Mayercomplained about waiting twenty minutes for a table and said, “I trust the food will be worth all that waiting.” Shor replied: “It’ll be better’n some of your crummy pictures I stood in line for.”
Toots Shor cultivated his celebrity following by giving them unqualified admiration, loyal friendship, and a kind of happy, boozy, old-fashioned male privacy. Those whom Shor really liked were called “crum-bums”. Shor reputedly said that he didn’t care if he was a millionaire-- so long as he could live like one.
In 1959, Shor sold the lease for his 51st Street restaurant for $1.5 million. The following year, he opened at a new location at 33 West 52nd Street and tried to emulate the decor and atmosphere of the original. The then-Chief Justice, Earl Warren, considered Toots one of his closest friends. "The Chief" showed up to be photographed with a shovel full of dirt when Toots broke ground on Toots' 52nd street "joint."
In 1971, authorities padlocked the doors of the 52nd Street restaurant for nonpayment of federal, state, and local taxes totaling $269,516. He vowed to open again in three weeks, but 18 months passed before his restaurant at 5 East 54th Street opened. For a variety of reasons, however, his famous clientele never returned with their former regularity.
Shor and his wife Marion ("Baby") lived for many years in a 12-room double apartment at 480 Park Avenue where they raised their three children. During his final years, they lived at the Drake Hotel. He died at age 73, ending a six-week stay in New York University Hospital.
In 1950, Shor was the subject of a three-part biography published in "
The New Yorker" entitled "Toots's World" and written by John Bainbridge, who later combined them into a book. Twenty years later another biography, "Toots", was written by Hearst columnist Bob Considine. In 2006, the biographical documentary "Toots" in which his granddaughter Kristi Jacobson profiled his life premiered at the Tribeca Film Festival. It took "Best Film" at the Baseball Hall of Fame's first annual film festival in November 2006. [http://www.baseballhalloffame.org/news/2006/061113.htm] "Toots" will have its theatrical release in the fall of 2007.
*Anderson, Dave. "Toots Shor, 73, 'Saloonkeeper' and Host, Dies." "The New York Times", January 24, 1977. Page 1. Accessed via Proquest Historical Newspapers, "New York Times (1857-Current file)", Document ID 75032806.
* [http://www.tootsthemovie.com "Toots"] . Documentary website.
* [http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0436836/ "Toots"] . Internet Movie Database. (Accessed December 8, 2006).
* [http://wm04.allmovie.com/cg/avg.dll?p=avg&sql=1:347975 ] Toots on All Movie Guide
* [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=952 "Toots" Shor's biographic sketch] at
Find A Grave
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