- Basarab metro station
Bucharest metro stations
name = Basarab
locale = Basarab Train Station
sector = Sector 1
arrangement = Two
Basarab is a metro station in
Bucharest. Despite its name, it is not located near the Basarab railway station("Gara Basarab"), but rather to the north-eastern end of Gara de Nord, Bucharest's main railway station, at the intersection of Calea Griviţei and Nicolae Titulescu Avenue. Access to Gara Basarab proper (a small annex of Gara de Nord, used mainly for commuter trains) is possible either via the underground tunnel that provides access to the metro station, or across a small 75-year-old metal bridgecrossing the 14 platforms and tracks of Gara de Nord.
The Basarab metro station was added after Line M3 was finished, with the sole intent of providing a means to change from M3 to M4 (while initially the trains of M3 and M4 were supposed to run on the same trackage up to Crângaşi, a change of project in 1988 involved building separate trackage for each, with the trains running exclusively under Calea Griviţei and no longer reaching Crângaşi, with access between the two at Gara de Nord 1 being impossible without leaving the system and paying for a fare again). The station is extremely close to the Gara de Nord metro station (the lights of Basarab are easily visible through the tunnel at Gara de Nord 2), a situation uncommon for a system characterized by large distances between stations (up to 2 km / 1.2 mi). The construction of the station began in November 1990 and was completed in January 1992 for the M3 section and March 2000 for the M4 section.
The station has four tracks on the same level, two of the tracks on each side of the station, and two as a pair in the center, leaving space for two wide platforms. The two central tracks are used by M3 while the outermost tracks are used by M4, leaving one platform to be used for northbound trains and one for southbound trains. Each platform has very long and thick wall-like columns, spanning for three quarters of the station, allowing access between the M3 and M4 sections through 6 points. This was done to easier conceal the work being done on the M4 side while passengers were using the M3 side. The design of the two sides, although part of the same station and even the same platform, is quite different - the M3 side features white-grey
marblewalls and floors, with a grey travertineroof arranged as to form a square grid, lit by square white fluorescent neon lights built inside the grid while the M4 side features orange synthetic walls, black Azul Noce granite on the floors, and yellow neon lighting running in a continuous line along the station, above the tracks. The station is usually announced in trains at Gara de Nord, Griviţa and Crângaşi as "the place to switch between M3 and M4".
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