- John Harvey (Royal Navy admiral)
Infobox Military Person
name= John Harvey
lived= 1772 –
17 September, 1837
placeofdeath= Upper Deal,
allegiance= flagicon|United Kingdom
serviceyears= 1780s to 1819
Royal Navy Admiral
French Revolutionary Wars• Battle of Groix• Capture of Trinidad Napoleonic Wars• Battle of Cape Finisterre
Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
Admiral Sir John Harvey, KCB (1772 –
17 September, 1837) was an officer of the British Royal Navyduring the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Warswho held numerous commands and served in several actions during his long and distinguished career. Harvey was the eldest son of Captain John Harvey who was a distinguished officer of the eighteenth century who was killed in action at the battle of the Glorious First of June.
Born in 1772 at
Eastry, Kentto Captain Harvey and Judith Harvey "neé" Wise, Harvey was raised with his brothers at home and in the 1780s joined his uncle Captain Henry Harvey's ship HMS "Rose" off the North American station to train as a midshipman. His service continued until 1790 when at 18 he was promoted to lieutenant. Actively employed at the outbreak of the French Revolutionary Wars, Harvey was aided by family influence and gained command of the sloop HMS "Actif" on 5 September 1794in the West Indies. Within three months, supported by the influence gained from his father's death at the Glorious First of Junein the same year, Harvey was made post-captain, receiving promotion on the 16 December. [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/12525?docPos=3 Harvey, Sir John] , " Oxford Dictionary of National Biography", J. K. Laughton, Retrieved 24 November 2007] His brother Edward Harveyalso received promotion to midshipmanat the same time.
Thanks to family influence Harvey gained a prime commission in January 1795, serving aboard his uncle's flagship the
second-rateHMS "Prince of Wales" as captain. In her, Harvey was extensively engaged during the following year, seeing action at the victory of the Battle of Groixwhere three enemy ships were taken and supporting the invasion of Quiberon Bayby Sir John Brolase Warren in 1796. In early 1797 Harvey followed his uncle to Trinidad, and supported the invasion of the island, helping capture it and the Spanish force there. Harvey was chosen to be sent home with the dispatches telling of the victory. Not long after arriving in England, Harvey married his first cousin in Sandwich, Kent.
During the next few years Harvey commanded several ships, including the
frigatesHMS "Southampton" and HMS "Amphitrite" in the West Indies and as part of the Cadizblockade. Benfitting from the Navy reforms surrounding the Peace of Amiens, Harvey took command of the HMS "Agamemnon" in which he participated in Sir Robert Calder's action at the Battle of Cape Finisterre in 1805, part of the prelude to the Battle of Trafalgarwhich Harvey narrowly missed. At Finisterre Harvey's ship suffered only three wounded and he left the ships to take over HMS "Canada". Thus it was Sir Edward Berry who led the "Agamemnon" at Trafalgar a few months later.
During the next eight years, Harvey fulfilled the blockade duties of any captain of a
ship of the line, not achieving any major victories but steadily doing his duty with quiet success. From "Canada", Harvey moved first to HMS "Leviathan" and then the HMS "Royal Sovereign", a first-rateon which he was promoted to rear-admiralin December 1813. Flag rank limited Harvey;s employment prospects and it was not until the war was over that he was actively employed again, becoming commander-in-chief of the West Indies between 1816 and 1819.
In 1819, Harvey retired and settled in
Deal, Kentwith his wife and daughter to lead a quiet life of the gentry. Promotions and honours steadily increased over the years, Harvey adding to the Companion of the Order of the Bathhe had received in 1815 with elevation to Knight Commander in 1833 and promotion to vice-admiral in 1825 and full admiral just weeks before his death in January 1837. Harvey died on 17 February 1837at his home in Deal.
* cite web
title = Harvey, Sir John
Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, J. K. Laughton
url = http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/12525?docPos=3
SHORT DESCRIPTION= British Naval admiral
DATE OF BIRTH=1772
PLACE OF BIRTH=
DATE OF DEATH=
17 February 1837
PLACE OF DEATH=
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.