Sepik-Ramu languages

Sepik-Ramu languages

The Sepik-Ramu languages are a hypothetical language family linking the Sepik, Ramu, Nor-Pondo (Lower Sepik), Leonhard Schultze (Walio-Papi), and Yuat families, together with the Taiap language isolate, and proposed by Donald Laycock in 1973.

All told, Sepik-Ramu consists of a hundred languages of the Sepik and Ramu river basins of northern Papua New Guinea, spoken by only 200 000 people in all. The languages tend to have simple phonologies, with few consonants or vowels and usually no tones.

The best known Sepik-Ramu language is Iatmül. The most populous are Iatmül's fellow Ndu languages Abelam and Boiken, with about 35 000 speakers apiece.

Malcolm Ross re-evaluated the Sepik-Ramu hypothesis in 2005 and found no evidence that it forms a valid family. However, all of the constituent branches, except for Yuat within Ramu, hold together in his evaluation. Ross links Nor-Pondo to Ramu in a Ramu-Lower Sepik proposal, places Leonhard Schultze (tentatively broken up into Walio and Papi) within an extented Sepik family, and treats Yuat and Taiap and independent families.


This list is a mirror of the Ethnologue article [ here] .

Sepik-Ramu phylum (based on Laycock 1973)
* "Taiap" isolate (80 speakers)
* Leonard Schultze stock
** Walio family: Walio, Pei, Yawiyo, Tuwari (700 speakers)
** Papi family: Papi, Suarmin (200 speakers)

* Nor-Pondo stock (6 languages)
** Nor family: Murik, Kopar (1200 speakers)
** Pondo family: Chambri, Yimas, Karawari, Angoram, (12 000 speakers)

* Ramu subphylum (37 languages)
** Ramu superstock (29 languages)
*** Grass stock (5 languages)
**** "Banaro" isolate
**** Grass family: Kambot, Aion, Adjora, Gorovu
*** Arafundi family: Alfendio, Meakambut
*** Annaberg stock (3 languages)
**** "Rao" isolate
**** Aian family: Anor, Aiome
*** Ruboni stock (8 languages)
**** Ottilien family: Watam, Gamei, Kaian, Bosman, Awar
**** Misegian family: Giri, Sepen, Mikarew
*** Goam stock (11 languages)
**** Ataitan family: Andarum, Igom, Tangu, Tanguat
**** Tamolan family: Romkun, Breri, Kominimung, Igana, Akrukay, Itutang, Midsivindi
** Yuat-Langam superstock (13 languages)
*** Mongol-Langam family: (Langam, Mongol, Yaul
*** Yuat-Maramba stock
**** "Maramaba" isolate
**** Yuat family: Changriwa, Kyenele, Mekmek, Miyak, Biwat (Mundugumor), Bun

* Sepik subphylum (50 languages)
** Biksi: Kimki, Yetfa (family-level group or closer?)
** Upper Sepik stock
*** "Abau" isolate
*** Iwam family: Iwam, Sepik Iwam, Amal
*** Wogamusin family: Wogamusin, Chenapian
** Ram family: Karawa, Bouye, Autu
** Tama family: Ayi, Pasi, Pahi, Mehek, Yessan-Mayo
** Yellow River family: Namie, Ak, Awun
** Middle Sepik stock
*** "Yerakai" isolate
*** Nukuma family: Kwoma, Kwanga
*** Ndu family: Iatmul, Ngala, Manambu, Kaunga, Abelam, Boiken, Sawos, Kwasengen
** Sepik Hill stock
*** Sanio family: Sanio, Paka, Gabiano, Piame, Bikaru, Hewa
*** Bahinemo family: Bitara, Bahinemo, Mari, Bisis, Watakataui, Kapriman, Sumariup
*** Alamblak family: Kaningara, Alamblak

ee also

*Papuan languages

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ramu languages — Ramu Geographic distribution: New Guinea Linguistic classification: Ramu – Lower Sepik Ramu Subdivisions: Lower Ramu Tamolan Annaberg Mongol–Langam Arafundi …   Wikipedia

  • Sepik (disambiguation) — Sepik may refer to places in Papua New Guinea:*Sepik River *East Sepik a province *Sandaun a province formerly known as West Sepik *Sepik region consisting of East Sepik and Sandaun provincesIn languages it may refer to:*Sepik languages a… …   Wikipedia

  • Ramu (disambiguation) — Ramu can mean the following:* Ramu a major river in Papua New Guinea * Sepik Ramu languages a proposed language family * Ramu Lower Sepik languages a language family …   Wikipedia

  • Sepik languages — Infobox Language family name=Sepik region=New Guinea familycolor=Papuan family=a primary family of Papuan languages child1=Walio child2=Biksi child3=Upper Sepik child4=Ram child5=Tama child6=Yellow River child7=Middle Sepik child8=Sepik HillThe… …   Wikipedia

  • Ramu-Lower Sepik languages — Infobox Language family name=Ramu Lower Sepik region=New Guinea familycolor=Papuan family=a primary family of Papuan languages child1=Lower Sepik child2=RamuThe Ramu Lower Sepik languages form a family of 35 Papuan languages spoken in the Ramu… …   Wikipedia

  • Papuan languages — The distribution of the Papuan languages, in red. Tan is Austronesian, and grey the historical range of Australian. The Papuan languages are those languages of the western Pacific which are neither Austronesian nor Australian. The term does not… …   Wikipedia

  • Australian Aboriginal languages — Aboriginal language redirects here. For other uses, see Indigenous languages of the Americas. For all the languages of Australia, see Languages of Australia. The Australian Aboriginal languages comprise several language families and isolates… …   Wikipedia

  • Papuan languages — Group of about 750 languages spoken by indigenous peoples of New Guinea and parts of some neighbouring islands, including Alor, Bougainville, Halmahera, New Britain, New Ireland, and Timor. Spoken by perhaps five million people, Papuan languages… …   Universalium

  • Mongol–Langam languages — Mongol–Langam Geographic distribution: New Guinea Linguistic classification: Ramu – Lower Sepik? Ramu? Mongol–Langam Subdivisions …   Wikipedia

  • Lower Sepik languages — Lower Sepik Nor–Pondo Geographic distribution: New Guinea Linguistic classification: Ramu – Lower Sepik Lower Sepik Subdivisions: Nor …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”