- Jean Lobstein
Jean Georges Chrétien Frédéric Martin Lobstein (German spelling: Johann Friedrich Georg Christian Martin Lobstein) (
May 8, 1777- March 7, 1835) was a German-born, French pathologistand surgeonwho was a native of Giessen. In 1803 he earned his doctorate at the University of Strasbourg, and subsequently was an anatomical prosectorat Strasbourg. In 1805 he became a professor at "l'école d'obstétrique du Rhin inférieur" (school of obstetricsof the Lower Rhine), where he practiced medicine for thirty years. In 1819 he attained the professorship of pathological anatomy. He was a nephew of noted surgeon Johann Friedrich Lobstein (1736-1784).
Jean Lobstein is remembered for several contributions made in the field of pathological anatomy. He described a disorder known today as osteogenesis imperfecta type I, which is sometimes called "Lobstein's disease". This disease is an hereditary, generalized
connective tissuedisorder characterized by bone fragility and a blue-gray sclerae of the eyes. In 1813 he founded an impressive pathological museum in Strasbourg, which remained intact until the years following the Franco-Prussian War, when its artifacts were either dispersed or lost.
Lobstein's best known publication was an unfinished four-volume work titled "Traité d’anatomie pathologique", which was based on his personal experiences as a pathologist. He was also an avid
archaeologist, historianand numismatist, and in 1833 was credited for coining the term " arteriosclerosis".
* Associated eponym:
* "Lobstein's ganglion": Also known as the thoracic splanchnic ganglion, which is a small collection of nerve bodies on the greater thoracic splanchnic nerve.
* [http://www.medterms.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=6469 Article on Lobstein's Disease]
* [http://www.whonamedit.com/doctor.cfm/1193.html Who Named It?, Jean Lobstein]
* [http://physrev.physiology.org/cgi/content/full/86/2/515 Physiological Reviews, Essay on Atherosclerosis]
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