Government reform of Alexander I

Government reform of Alexander I

The early Russian system of government instituted by Peter the Great, which consisted of various state committees, each named "Collegium" with subordinate departments named "Prikaz", was largely outdated by the 1800s. The responsibilities of the Collegiums were chosen very randomly and often overlapped.

Soon after Alexander I inherited the throne in 1801, he formed a Privy Committee (Негласный комитет) which consisted of Viktor Kochubey, Nikolay Novosiltsev, Pavel Stroganov and Adam Jerzy Czartoryski. Mikhail Speransky took an active part in the Committee, although he wasn't a formal member.

The reforms proposed by Speransky were to introduce a parliament and a State Council as legislative and executive bodies of the Tsar and to relieve the Governing Senate of these functions, transforming it to a kind of Supreme Court. Speransky even prepared the Constitution project.

The reform was stopped by 1810 because of the Napoleonic wars and growing resistance from conservative nobility, as voiced by Nikolai Karamzin.

ee also

* Government reform of Peter I

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Government reform of Peter I — The government reform of Peter I refers to a set of reforms introduced in the Russian political and administrative system during the reign of Peter I of Russia. tate administration before Peter IPresuppositions and objectives of reformsenateOn… …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander I of Russia — Aleksandr I redirects here. It can also refer to Aleksandr I, Grand Prince of Tver. Alexander I Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias Reign 24 March 1801 – 1 December 1825 (& …   Wikipedia

  • Government Accountability Office investigations of the Department of Defense — are typically audits in which the Government Accountability Office (GAO), the United States Congress’ investigative arm, studies how the Department of Defense spends taxpayer dollars. Since the GAO is accountable only to the legislative branch,… …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander Pechtold — Infobox Politician name =Alexander Pechtold width =130 height =140 caption = birth date =Birth date and age|1965|12|16|mf=y birth place =Delft, Netherlands residence = death date = death place = office = D66 chair of the parliamentary party… …   Wikipedia

  • REFORM JUDAISM — REFORM JUDAISM, first of the modern interpretations of Judaism to emerge in response to the changed political and cultural conditions brought about by the emancipation . The Reform movement was a bold historical response to the dramatic events of …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Alexander II of Russia — Alexander II Alexander II by Sergei Lvovich Levitsky 1870 (The Di Rocco Wieler Private Collection, Toronto, Canada) Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias Reign …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander Herdman — Alexander Lawrence Herdman (17 July 1869 13 June 1953) was a New Zealand politician. He served as Attorney General, Minister of Justice, and Minister of Police. He is known for his reforms of the civil service and for his hard line on law and… …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander Dubček — Dubček during speech with other politicians First Secretary of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia In office 5 January 1968 – 17 April 1969 Preceded by …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander II —     Pope Alexander II     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Alexander II     Reigned 1061 1073     As Anselm of Lucca, he had been recognized for a number of years as one of the leaders of the reform party, especially in the Milanese territory,… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Government of the 1st Scottish Parliament — Government of the 1st (1999) Government of the 2nd (2003) Government of the 3rd (2007) Government of the 4th (2011) The Executive of the 1st Scottish Parliament was formed following the 1999 election …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”