- Casting (fishing)
angling, casting is the act of throwing a fishing lineout over the water using a flexible fishing rod. The usual technique is for the angler to quickly flick the rod from behind toward the water. [citebook|title=Fly Fishing Saltwater Basics: Saltwater Basics|author=C. Boyd Pfeiffer|year= 1999|publisher=Stackpole Books|id=ISBN 0811727637] The term is also used when casting a net.
Casting techniques vary with the type of fishing involved.
Fly fishermen use artificial flies as a lure and use lighter rods and lines. They develop much finesse casting the flies, using motions of the hand and arm, so the flies land with great accuracy into or onto the water and mimic the behaviour of real flies.
Salt water anglers usually use heavier rods and lines and maybe sinkers. They are often fishing for larger fish, and use lures and bait which are heavier than flies. They are more concerned with just throwing the line a fair distance rather than how or exactly where it lands.
Heavier again are the rods and lines used in surfcasting. Specialized, two-handed casting techniques are used to cast the lure or bait the added distances required in many cases to reach feeding inshore fish. In these casts the entire body, rather than just the arms, are utilized to deliver the cast, which may travel many hundreds of feet.
Casting as a sport
Casting is also a sport adjunct to
fishing, much as shootingis to hunting. The sport is supervised by the [http://www.castingsport-icsf.com/ International Casting Sport Federation] (ICSF) which was founded in 1955 and currently (2008) has member associations in 29 countries.
The ICSF sponsors tournaments and recognizes world records for accuracy and distance. This sport uses plastic weights or hookless flies, and can be held on water or on athletic fields. There are competitive divisions for almost all types of fly, fixed spool and revolving spool tackle, and competitor classes. It is included in the
World Games(see photo) and has been considered for the Olympics.
The American Casting Association will hold its 100th Annual Casting Championships in 2008 at the Golden Gate Angling & Casting Club.
* [http://www.expertvillage.com/video-series/1196_fly-fishing-intermediate.htm How to cast a line]
* [http://www.castingsport-icsf.com/ International Casting Sport Federation]
* [http://www.americancastingassoc.org American Casting Association]
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