Raspberry Island (Alaska)

Raspberry Island (Alaska)

Raspberry Island is an island of the Kodiak Archipelago located in the Gulf of Alaska in the U.S. state of Alaska. It is located two miles northwest of Whale Island, and just across the mile wide Raspberry Strait from the southwestern end of Afognak. The island is separated from Kodiak Island by the Kupreanof Strait, with the Shelikof Strait to the northwest. Raspberry Island is 18 miles (29 km) long with a width that varies from 3 miles (4.8 km) to 8 miles (12.9 km). The highest point on the island is 3,300 ft (1000 m).

The island is considered part of the Aleneva census-designated place in the Kodiak Island Borough. The only permanent residents on Raspberry Island are located at Port Wakefield and Raspberry Island Remote Camps which operate full service wilderness lodges. Power is provided via hydro power harnessed in nearby creeks. The nearest town is Kodiak, Alaska, an hour and a half boat ride or a thirty minute float plane ride away.

Environment, wildlife

Sitka spruce is one of the dominant trees on Raspberry Island. Spruce forests are interrupted by fields of salmonberry bushes, alders and wildflowers. Higher elevations have wild blueberry and cranberry bushes with more grasses. Wildlife of note on the island includes Sitka Deer, Red Foxes and Kodiak Bears, as well as Tufted Puffins and Bald Eagles.cite book
last = Hirschmann
first = Fred
title = Alaska from the Air
year = 1999
month = May
publisher = Graphic Arts Center Publishing
isbn = 1558684662
pages = 24
] Afognak and Raspberry islands are the only locations in Alaska with elk populations.cite book
editor = Nancy Gates
title = The Alaska Almanac: Facts about Alaska 30th Anniversary Edition
year = 2006
month = November
publisher = Alaska Northwest Books
isbn = 0882406523
] The island's Roosevelt Elk developed from eight calves translocated from Washington state's Olympic Peninsula in 1928. [cite book
last = Rennick
first = Penny
title = Mammals of Alaska
year = 1996
month = November
publisher = Alaska Geographic Society
isbn = 1566610346
] The elk have adapted well to the island, with some mature bulls weighing nearly 1300 lbs (600 kg) [cite book
last = Robb
first = Bob
title = The Ultimate Guide to Elk Hunting
year = 2001
month = January
publisher = The Lyons Press
isbn = 1585741809
] The muskrat is another species that was successfully introduced to the island. Whales commonly meander down Raspberry straight but must turn around because it becomes too shallow for them to pass all the way through. Kayakers take advantage of this phenomena to wait for them to pass by again on their way back out to deeper water. Bald Eagles are abundant.

Economy

After the decline of the canneries, their land was eventually purchased and used by the two wilderness lodges as unique tourist destinations. They are unique because the land surrounding them and on the opposing Afognak Island is owned by the First Native corporation and almost completely uninhabited. Fishing vessels based in the city of Kodiak and Port Lyons regularly fish the waters around Raspberry Island for the abundant salmon and halibut. Tourists frequent the two wilderness lodges that provide bear viewing, kayaking, extreme wilderness adventures, ocean and fly fishing as well as hunting excursions. National Geographic filmed a true television story about two hunters that had separate bear encounters there, one hunter was killed by the bear, the other killed the bear with a knife. Silver Salmon is one of the salmon spawning streams on the island available to fishermen and observers.

History

Originally inhabited by Aleut natives for over 7000 years, Russian fur traders took control of the islands in the 1700's and nearly wiped out the now abundant sea otter's that can often be seen floating together in the Straight. Several fishing canneries existed on the island including Port Wakefield and Northwest Cannery in the early 1900's. These went out of business several decades later and a fox fur farm existed on the Northwest Cannery site for a while. Deposits of placer gold were noted at Raspberry Beach as early as 1915.cite web
url = http://ardf.wr.usgs.gov/ardf_data/Afognak.pdf
title = Afognak quadrangle
date = 1999-02-22
format = Portable Document Format
work = Alaska Resource Data File
publisher = United States Geological Survey
accessdate = 2007-10-24
] However the last recorded mining activity on the beach was in 1935. The half-mile long beach is located on the northwest coast of the island at Drivers Bay. Much of the island is owned by the First Native Corporation and is uninhabited except for the two wilderness lodges that exist on land previously owned by the canneries.

Transportation

There are no roads on Raspberry island except between the lodgings at one of the two wilderness lodges. Hiking trails do exist and are used by wildlife as well as the occasional human. Although it has been known to happen that people have arrived at Raspberry via kayak while on an extreme wilderness adventure, most transportation to and from the island is by floatplane or boat. All inhabitants, tourists, and supplies arrive at the island by first going through the city of Kodiak, Alaska, the nearest town, which is an hour and a half boat ride or a thirty minute float plane ride away.

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Raspberry Island (Alaska) — Vorlage:Infobox Insel/Wartung/Bild fehltVorlage:Infobox Insel/Wartung/Höhe fehlt Raspberry Island Gewässer Pazifischer Ozean Inselgruppe Kodiak Archipel Geographische Lage …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Raspberry Island — ist der Name mehrerer Inseln in den Vereinigten Staaten: Raspberry Island (Maine) Raspberry Island (Michigan) Raspberry Island (Alaska) Raspberry Island (Ramsey County, Minnesota) Raspberry Island (St. Louis County, Minnesota) Raspberry Island… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Whale Island (Alaska) — Vorlage:Infobox Insel/Wartung/Bild fehltVorlage:Infobox Insel/Wartung/Höhe fehlt Whale Island Gewässer Pazifischer Ozean Inselgruppe Kodiak Archipel Geographische Lage …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Woody Island (Alaska) — Vorlage:Infobox Insel/Wartung/Bild fehlt Woody Island Gewässer Pazifischer Ozean Inselgruppe Kodiak Archipel Geographische Lage …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Whale Island (Alaska) — Whale Island is an island of the Kodiak Archipelago in the Gulf of Alaska in Kodiak Island Borough, Alaska, United States. It lies off the northern end of Kodiak Island, between it and Afognak Island to the north. It is separated from Kodiak… …   Wikipedia

  • Dark Island (Alaska) — Vorlage:Infobox Insel/Wartung/Bild fehlt Dark Island Gewässer Pazifischer Ozean Inselgruppe Kodiak Archipel Geographische Lage …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Minnesota Boat Club Boathouse on Raspberry Island — U.S. National Register of Historic Places …   Wikipedia

  • Barren Islands (Alaska) — Barren Islands Gewässer Pazifischer Ozean Anzahl der Inseln 6 Hauptinsel Ushagat Island Gesamtfläche 42,03 km² Einwohner (unbewohnt) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chirikof Island — Vorlage:Infobox Insel/Wartung/Bild fehlt Tschirikow Insel Gewässer Pazifischer Ozean Inselgruppe Kodiak Archipel Geographische Lage …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tschirikow Island — Vorlage:Infobox Insel/Wartung/Bild fehlt Tschirikow Insel Gewässer Pazifischer Ozean Inselgruppe Kodiak Archipel Geographische Lage …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”