Traditionalist School (architecture)

Traditionalist School (architecture)

In Dutch architecture, Traditionalism or the Traditionalist School was a reaction against the Functionalism and the Expressionism of the Amsterdam School, and a 'return' to rural and national architectural styles and traditions, with tidy brickwork, minimal decoration and 'honest' (that is, traditional and natural) materials.

It occurred after the First World War and was led by M.J. Granpré Molière. From 1924 until 1953 Molière was professor at the Technical University in Delft, and the school which gathered round him also became known after 1945 as the Delft School.

It can be seen in many ways as a direct successor to Berlage-type Rationalism. It was highly influential on church design up after 1945, when this influence diminished and instead its influence on secular architecture reached a peak.


  • Marinus Jan Granpré Molière
  • A.J. Kropholler
  • C.H. de Bever
  • C.M. van Moorsel
  • B.J. Koldewey.
  • A.J.N. Boosten - Traditionalistic, but not "Delft School"
  • F.P.J. Peutz - Traditionalistic, but not "Delft School"
  • H.W. Valk - Traditionalistic, but not "Delft School"

The group was mostly catholic, though a closely related Protestant style eventually arose among architects like B.T. Boeyinga and E. Reitsma.


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