The TP-82 pistol ( _ru. ТП-82) is a triple-barreled
Sovietfirearm that was carried by cosmonauts on space missions.
It is intended as a
survival aidto be used after landings and before recovery in the Siberian wilderness. The upper two smoothborebarrels use 12.5 mm caliber ammunition, and the lower rifled barrel use 5.45 mm caliber ammunition. The pistol can be used for hunting, to defend against predators and for visual and auditory distress signals. The detachable buttstockis also a machetesheath.
TP-82s were carried regularly on Soviet and
Russian space missions from 1986 to 2006. They were part of the SoyuzPortable Survival Kit (Носимый аварийный запас, "Nosimyi Avariynyi Zapas", NAZ). In 2007, the media reported that the remaining ammunition for the TP-82 had become unusable and that a regular automatic pistolwould be used on future missions.
* [http://www.hunt4u.ru/tp-82.htm Technical data and image] on "hunt4a.ru"
* [http://suzymchale.com/kosmonavtka/soyfeature.html#survive Soyuz survival gear] on "suzymchale.com"
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.