- François d'Orléans, prince de Joinville
François-Ferdinand-Philippe-Louis-Marie d'Orléans, prince de Joinville (
14 August 1818- 16 June 1900) was the third son of Louis Philippe, duc d'Orléans, afterwards king of the French and his wife Marie Amalie of Bourbon-Sicilies. He was notable as an admiral of the French Navy.
He was born at the
Château de Neuilly, in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France. Educated for the navy, he became lieutenantin 1836. His first conspicuous service was at the "Bombardment of San Juan de Ulloa", in November 1838, when he headed a landing party and took the Mexican general Mariano Aristaprisoner with his own hand at Veracruz.
He was promoted to
captain, and in 1840 was entrusted with the charge of bringing the remains of Napoleon from Saint Helenato France.
He had married on
May 1, 1843in Rio de Janeiro, Princess Francisca of Brazil, Princess de Braganca, sister of Pedro II of Brazil. They had a son Pierre the duc de Penthièvre(1845-1919), also brought up to the navy. It is unknown whether their son ever did marry or fathered any children, however, the few records about Pierre do suggest that he lived to be in his seventies and died in Paris. The couple also had a daughter, Françoise (1844). She married Robert d'Orléans, duc de Chartres in 1863 and had issue.
In 1844 he conducted naval operations on the coast of
Morocco, bombarding Tangierand occupying Mogador, and was recompensed with the grade of vice-admiral. In the following year he published in the " Revue des deux mondes" an article on the deficiencies of the French Navywhich attracted considerable attention, and by his hostility to the Guizot ministry, as well as by an affectation of ill-will towards the United Kingdom, he gained considerable popularity.
The Revolution of 1848 nevertheless swept him away with the other Orleans princes. He hastened to quit
Algeria, where he was then serving, and took refuge at Claremont, in Surrey, with the rest of his family. In 1861, upon the breaking out of the American Civil War, he proceeded to Washington D.C., and placed the services of his son and two of his nephews at the disposal of the United Statesgovernment.
Otherwise, he was little heard of until the overthrow of the
Second French Empirein 1870, when he re-entered France, only to be promptly expelled by the government of national defence. Returning incognito, he joined the army of general Louis d'Aurelle de Paladines, under the assumed name of "Colonel Lutherod", fought bravely before Orléans, and afterwards, divulging his identity, formally sought permission to serve. Gambetta, however, arrested him and sent him back to England.
In the National Assembly, elected in February 1871, the prince was returned by two "
départements" and elected to sit for the Haute-Marne. By an arrangement with Thiers, however, the prince did not take his seat until the latter had been chosen president of the provisional republic. His deafness prevented him from making any figure in the Assembly, and he resigned his seat in 1876.
In 1886 the provisions of the law against pretenders to the throne deprived him of his rank as vice-admiral, but he continued to live in France, and died in
Parisin June 1900.
The prince de Joinville was the author of several essays and pamphlets on naval affairs and other matters of public interest, which were originally published for the most part either unsigned or pseudonymously, and subsequently republished under his own name after the fall of the Empire. They include "Essais sur la marine française" (1853); "Études sur la marine" (1859 and 1870); "Guerre d'Amérique, campagne du Potomac" (1862 and 1872); "Encore un mot sur Sadowa" (Brussels, 1868); and "Vieux souvenirs" (1894).
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1= 1. François d'Orléans, prince de Joinville
Louis-Philippe of France
Maria Amalia of the Two Sicilies
Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans
Louise Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon-Penthièvre
Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies
Marie Caroline of Austria
Louis Philippe I, Duke of Orléans
Louise Henriette de Bourbon-Conti
10= 10. Louis Jean Marie de Bourbon, Duke of Penthièvre
11= 11. Maria Theresa Felicitas d'Este
Charles III of Spain
Maria Amalia of Saxony
Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor
Maria Theresa of Austria
Louis d'Orléans, Duke of Orléans
Auguste Marie Johanna of Baden-Baden
18= 18. Louis Armand II de Bourbon, Prince of Conti
19= 19. Louise-Elisabeth de Bourbon-Condé
20= 20. Louis-Alexandre de Bourbon, Count of Toulouse
21= 21. Marie-Victoiré-Sophie de Noailles
Francesco III d'Este
Charlotte Aglaé of Orléans
Philip V of Spain
Elisabeth of Parma
Augustus III of Poland
Maria Josepha of Austria
Leopold, Duke of Lorraine
Élisabeth Charlotte of Orléans
Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor
Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
** " [http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/5716 Memoirs of the Prince de Joinville] ", English translation by Lady Mary Loyd, from
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.