Italian battleship Roma (1940)
- Italian battleship Roma (1940)
"Roma" was an Italian "Vittorio Veneto" class battleship that served in the Regia Marina during World War II. She was built in 1940 and commissioned in 1942.
Last cruise and sinking
On September 8 1943 "Roma", together with most of the remaining Italian fleet, set off from La Spezia to surrender to the Allies in the aftermath of the Armistice with Italy. It was the flagship of the fleet's commander, admiral Carlo Bergamini. The commander of the ship was Adone Del Cima. The fleet included two other battleships, "Vittorio Veneto" and "Italia" (formerly "Littorio"), three cruisers and eight destroyers (others joined later in the course of the cruise).
The following day the ships were intercepted near the Asinara island (northern Sardinia) by 12 German Dornier Do 217K-2s from the III. Gruppe of KG100, which had taken off from Istres, near Marseille.
Pietro Badoglio had ordered to open fire only after being attacked, and the order was initially respected. However, when the fleet finally opened anti-aircraft fire, it was clear that the German planes were keeping themselves outside the Italian guns (5,000 m), too far for a conventional bombing mission.
The first ship to be hit by the new weapons was the "Italia", which however kept her pace. "Roma "was then struck two times by Fritz X missiles, a weapon that was deployed first time on 21 July 1943, without success. Italians did not know Fritz-X control system was susceptible to electronic countermeasures. The first one hit amidship between 90 mm AA gun mounts, piercing deck and side, then exploded under the ship, reducing its speed to convert|10|kn|km/h|0; the other one hit above deck between turret #2 and the conning tower. It caused an explosion that threw the turret outboard and affected the boilers, starting a major fire that detonated the main magazines.
Bergamini, Del Cima and other 1,350 crew members were killed when at 16:12 the ship exploded, split into two parts and sank. Only 596 survivors, most badly burned, were rescued [http://www.regiamarina.net/people/admirals/bergamini_us.htm] .
It was thus the first capital ship to be sunk by a guided missile.
* [http://www.regiamarina.net/others/roma/roma_us.htm Page on the sinking of the Roma]
Look at other dictionaries:
Italian battleship Roma — Roma was the name of three battleships of the Regia Marina : * Roma (1865), a steam battleship of the Roma class; * Roma (1909), a steam battleship of the Vittorio Emanuele class; * Roma (1940), a battleship of the Vittorio Veneto class … Wikipedia
Italian auxiliary ship Olterra — Olterra campaign Part of the Mediterranean Theater of World War II Olterra at anchor shortly before being br … Wikipedia
List of Italian battleships — This is a list of Italian battleships.Pre Dreadnoughts (1875 1909)*Duilio class ** Duilio ** Dandolo *Italia class ** Italia ** Lepanto *Lauria class ** Ruggero di Lauria ** Francesco Morosini ** Andrea Doria *Sardegna class ** Sardegna ** Re… … Wikipedia
List of Italian dreadnought battleships — This is a list of Italian battleships of the period 1910 43: * Italian battleship Dante Alighieri (1910) Stricken 1928, BU * Cavour class ** Conte di Cavour (1911) Torpedoed 1940, refloated, scuttled 1943, refloated, bombed 1945, refloated 1947,… … Wikipedia
List of Italian steam battleships — This is a list of Italian battleships of the period 1860 1956: Pre Dreadnoughts * Terribile class ** Terribile (1861) Stricken 1904 ** Formidabile (1861) Stricken 1903 * Principe di Carignano class ** Principe di Carignano (1863) ** Messina… … Wikipedia
Littorio class battleship — The Littorio (or Vittorio Veneto ; the two ships were laid down on the same date) was a class of battleship of the Regia Marina, the Italian navy, the most modern used by Italy during World War II. The Littorios were developed in response to the… … Wikipedia
Dunkerque class battleship — Dunkerque Class overview Preceded by: Lyon class (planned) Bretagne class (actual) Succeeded by … Wikipedia
List of World War II topics (I) — # I ll Remember April (film) # I Airborne Corps (United Kingdom) # I Armored Corps (United States) # I Canadian Corps # I Corps (Australia) # I Corps (France) # I Corps (Germany) # I Corps (United Kingdom) # I Corps (United States) # I Hua Huang… … Wikipedia
Portal:Battleships — Wikipedia portals: Culture Geography Health History Mathematics Natural sciences People Philosophy Religion Society Technology American Civil War · American Revolutionary War · … Wikipedia
Battleships in World War II — The Second World War saw the end of the battleship as the dominant force in the world s navies. On the outbreak of war, large fleets of battleships many inherited from the dreadnought era decades before were one of the decisive forces in naval… … Wikipedia