Faubourg is an ancient French term approximating "
suburb" (now generally termed " banlieue"). The earliest form is "Forsbourg", derived from Latin"foris", 'out of', and Vulgur Latin (originally Germanic) "burgum", 'town' or 'fortress'. Traditionally, this name was given to an agglomeration forming around a throughway leading outwards from a city gate, and usually took the name of the same thoroughfare within the city.
Many Parisian streets have retained their ancient denomination in spite of city growth; today it is still possible to discern pre-1860 delimitations in Paris by marking the point where a thoroughfare's name changes from "rue" to "rue du faubourg". For instance, the
rue du Faubourg Saint-Denisused to be located outside of the city wall and was an extension of the rue Saint-Deniswithin the walls. The rue du Faubourg Saint-Honorécame about in a similar manner.
The term was also used in the early expansion of New Orleans beyond the original city plan, when French was still a common language in the colonial city. Faubourg Tremé and
Faubourg Marigny, two of the oldest neighborhoods outside of the French Quarter, are persistent examples. Another early example was Faubourg St. Mary, a commercial district, which developed into the modern Central Business District. [Campanella, Richard. Time and Place in New Orleans: Past Geographies in the Present Day. Gretna, Louisiana: Pelican Publishing Company, 2002. ISBN 1-56554-991-0]
Greater Montrealno longer has any actual "faubourgs" on the main island, as the suburb now refers to the North and South Shores. However, placenames like "le Faubourg St-Laurent" is still occasionally used to refer to the sections of Ville-Marie [Ville de Montréal, [http://ville.montreal.qc.ca/portal/page?_pageid=87,1425295&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL Le Quartier latin et le Faubourg Saint-Laurent] ] [ [http://www.er.uqam.ca/nobel/arrfm/Territoires/index.html Association des résidants et des résidantes des Faubourgs de Montréal] ] .
Furthermore, the term "des faubourgs de Montréal" ("the Montreal suburbs") is preserved in some placenames within the city proper, such as the various annexes (branches) of the "École des Métiers des Faubourgs-de-Montréal". There was also a "Caisse des Faubourgs de Montréal" in The Village, which in 2003 was closed down [Mouvement des caisses Desjardins, [http://www.desjardins.com/en/votre_caisse/accueil.jsp?transit=81530008 Caisse Desjardins du Quartier-Latin de Montréal] .
The Caisse Desjardins des Faubourgs de Montréal was located at 1662
Saint Catherine StreetEast and its operations were taken over by the Caisse du Quartier-Latin as of 2003.] .
Vorstadt, the German equivalent
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