A huaso (feminine huasa, although the term china is far more commonly used for his wife or sweetheart, whose dress can be seen in cueca dancing) is a Chilean countryman and skilled horseman, similar to the Argentinian or Uruguayan" gaucho", the American cowboy, and Mexican "vaquero" and "charro".

Huasos (plural) live in Chile's central valley and ride horses and typically wear a straw hat called a "chupalla". They also wear a poncho called a "manta" or a "chamanto" (although this is generally reserved to land owners, as it is much more expensive) over a short Andalusian waist jacket, as well as tooled leather legging over booties with raw hide leather spur holders that sustain a beautiful long shanked spur with 4" rowels, and many other typical garments.

Huasos are an important part of Chilean folkloric culture and are a vital part of parades, fiestas, and holidays. The dancing of the cueca in which the coy china is courted by the persistent huaso, both traditionally attired, is "de rigueur" on such occasions.

In Chile the term "huaso" or "ahuasado" (in a "huaso" way) is also used disparagingly to refer to people without manners or lacking in big-city experience, akin to a red neck.


Various theories are commonly advanced: from the Quechua "huakcha" (hispanicized as "huacho") meaning "orphan", "not belonging to a community", hence free and homeless, an important aspect of the huaso/gaucho myth, or alternatively from the Quechua "huasu", meaning either the back of an animal, or rough and rustic. Moreover the word "guaso/a" is used in Andalusian and American Spanish with the last sense. It appears that a form of folk etymology has operated to conflate the contrasting identities of the huaso, viewed as both a free horseman (implying some wealth and nobility) and an unsophisticated country bumpkin. Both senses can be observed in Chilean usage.

See also

*Chilean rodeo
*Chilean horse
*Cowboy (U.S.A)
*Gaucho (Argentina)
*Charro (Mexican cowboy, nomad and "bandolero")
*Guajiro (Cuban cowboy)
*Llanero (Venezuelan and Colombian cowboy)

External links

* [ Huaso Postcards]
* [ Huaso photographs] (text in Spanish)

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Huaso — Huaso. Ein Huaso (weiblich China) ist ein chilenischer Landarbeiter und speziell gekleideter Reiter. Er ist vergleichbar mit dem amerikanischen Cowboy oder argentinischen Gaucho. Das Wort China (sprich: Tschina) kommt aus der Quechua Sprache und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • huaso — sa sustantivo masculino,f. 1. Uso/registro: coloquial en Chile. Origen: Bolivia, Chile. Campesino, hombre del campo. 2. Uso/registro: coloquial. Origen: Chi …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Huaso — Para el caballo que batió un rércord en 1949, véase Huaso (caballo). Huaso en un trigal, en los años 1940. Huaso es el término utilizado en Chile para referirse al individuo que vive en la zona centro y sur del país y se dedica a tareas propias… …   Wikipedia Español

  • huaso — 1. campesino típico de Chile; hombre del campo chileno; campesino pobre; cf. gaucho, huasteca, huaso bruto; en el programa necesitamos un huaso y una huasita para una cueca como Dios manda , todavía tenemos al huaso chileno en el campo, vivito y… …   Diccionario de chileno actual

  • Huaso — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Huaso : cavalier chilien semblable au gaúcho argentin et au cowboy américain. Huaso : cheval chilien détenant le record du monde de saut en… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • huaso — {{#}}{{LM H20716}}{{〓}} {{SynH21245}} {{[}}huaso{{]}}, {{[}}huasa{{]}} ‹hua·so, sa› {{《}}▍ s.{{》}} → {{上}}guaso, sa{{下}}. {{#}}{{LM SynH21245}}{{〓}} {{CLAVE H20716}}{{\}}{{CLAVE}}{{/}}{{\}}SINÓNIMOS Y ANTÓNIMOS:{{/}} {{[}}huaso{{]}},… …   Diccionario de uso del español actual con sinónimos y antónimos

  • Huaso — ► sustantivo masculino Bolivia, Chile Hombre rudo de campo. * * * Huaso (china en género femenino), es un término utilizado en Chile para nombrar a la gente de campo, que basan su vida en la época colonial, o en su efecto, describir a los… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Huaso (horse) — Huaso (1933 August 24, 1961) was the horse that, ridden by Chilean Captain Alberto Larraguibel, set the high jump world record on February 5, 1949, by jumping 2.47 meters (8 ft. 1¼ in.), in Viña del Mar, Chile, one of the longest running unbroken …   Wikipedia

  • Huaso (Pferd) — Huaso (* 1933; † 24. August 1961) war ein Pferd, das von dem chilenischen Offizier Alberto Larraguibel geritten wurde.[1] Larraguibel und sein Hengst sprangen den bis heute gültigen Weltrekord im Mächtigkeitsspringen am 5. Februar 1949[2] in dem… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Huaso (cheval) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Huaso. Huaso Huaso battant le record du monde de saut en hauteur …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”