Software equation

Software equation

In the study of software project estimation, the Software Equation is a model with multiple variables based on assumptions of a specific distribution of effort throughout the entire length of a software development project. The models basis was formed through analysis of productivity data collected from over 4000 modern day software development projects.cite book|last=Pressman|first=Roger S.|authorlink=Roger S. Pressman|title=Software Engineering - A Practitioner's Approach|origdate=1982|edition=6th|publisher=McGraw-Hill|location=Newyork, NY|year=2005|isbn=0-07-285318-2|pages=662-663] The software equation was derived from the Putnam-Norden-Rayleigh Curve which can be used to show the non-linear correlation between time to complete the project and applied human effort.cite book|last=Pressman|first=Roger S.|authorlink=Roger S. Pressman|title=Software Engineering - A Practitioner's Approach|origdate=1982|edition=6th|publisher=McGraw-Hill|location=Newyork, NY|year=2005|isbn=0-07-285318-2|pages=679]

Model Form

The estimation model can be described in the following form.

:E=left lbrack frac{LOC x B^{.333{P} ight brack^3 left ( frac{1}{t^4} ight )


*E=Project effort measured in person-months or person-years
*LOC=a Lines of Code estimate for the project
*t=Length of project measured in months or years
*B=a "special skills factor"
*P=a "Productivity Parameter"

Defining B

B, the special skills factor, is related to the size of the product.Citeweb|url=|title=The Computational Software Equation|accessdate=2007-09-06]

Defining P

Research from the collected productivity data supplies initial values for variable P determined by the type of software being developed. Some examples are listed below. These numbers to not apply in all situations and P can often be calculated from previous metrics information.

ee also

*Putnam-Norden-Rayleigh Curve


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