Organoarsenic compound

Organoarsenic compound

An organoarsenic compound in organic chemistry is an organic compound containing a chemical bond between arsenic and carbon. Many organoarsenic compounds are produced industrially with uses as insecticide, herbicide and fungicide. The parent compound is arsine. The oldest known representative (1760) is the foul smelling cacodyl. Despite their toxicity, organoarsenic biomolecules are known for example the As betaine pendant arsenobetaine first identified in the Western rock lobster ["Arsenic Species in Marine Samples" Kevin A. Francesconi, and John S. Edmonds CROATICA CHEMICA ACTA CCACAA 71 (2) 343–359 (1998) [http://public.carnet.hr/ccacaa/CCA-PDF/cca1998/v71-n2/CCA_71_1998_343_359_FRANCES.pdf#search="organoarsenic" Article link] ] [cite journal
title = Isolation, crystal structure and synthesis of arsenobetaine, the arsenical constituent of the western rock lobster panulirus longipes cygnus George
author = John S. Edmonds, Kevin A. Francesconi, Jack R. Cannon, Colin L. Raston, Brian W. Skelton and Allan H. White
journal = Tetrahedron Letters
volume = 18
issue = 18
pages = 1543-1546
year = 1977
url =
doi = 10.1016/S0040-4039(01)93098-9
url =
] . In other biomolecules arsenicum is bound to carbohydrates collectively known as arsenosugars (found especially in seaweeds). The cause for the accumulation of arsenic in some marine organisms and the biochemistry forming the compounds is still unknown. Although arsenic and most of its compounds are toxic for humans one of the first synthetic antiobiotics was Salvarsan.

Relevant compounds

Some relevant organoarsenic compound are listed in he table below:

Other uses

The compounds 1,2-Bis(dimethylarsino)benzene and triphenylarsine are used as a chelating ligand. Trimethylarsine is used in Chemical vapor deposition in microelectronics. Thorin is an indicator for several metals.

Arsphenamine, Neosalvarsan and Atoxyl have at one time been used as drugs. Roxarsone is a food additive for chickens, improving weight gain.

ee also

* Arsole, the arsenicum endant of pyrrole.
* Chemistry of other elements bonded to carbon

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Organoarsenic chemistry — is the chemistry of compounds containing a chemical bond between arsenic and carbon. A few organoarsenic compounds, also called organoarsenicals, are produced industrially with uses as insecticides, herbicides, and fungicides. In general these… …   Wikipedia

  • organoarsenic — adjective Describing any organic compound containing a carbon to arsenic bond …   Wiktionary

  • Methyldichloroarsine — Preferred IUPAC name Dichloromethylarsane …   Wikipedia

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  • Arsenobetaine — chembox new ImageFile=ArsenobetainePIC.svg ImageSize= IUPACName=2 trimethylarsoniumylacetate OtherNames= Section1=Chembox Identifiers CASNo= PubChem=47364 SMILES=C [As+] (C)(C)CC(=O) [O ] RTECS = CH9750000 Section2=Chembox Properties… …   Wikipedia

  • 1,2-Bis(dimethylarsino)benzene — Identifiers Abbreviations DAS, Diars …   Wikipedia

  • Cacodyl oxide — Chembox new Name = Cacodyl oxide ImageFile = Cacodyl oxide 3D balls.png ImageName = Ball and stick model of cacodyl oxide ImageFile1 = Me4As2O.png ImageName1 = Line structure model of cacodyl oxide IUPACName = Cacodyl oxide Section1 = Chembox… …   Wikipedia

  • Triphenylarsine — IUPAC name Triphenylarsane …   Wikipedia

  • Trimethylarsine — Chembox new ImageFile = Trimethylarsine 2D.png ImageSize = 200px ImageName = Structural formula of trimethylarsine ImageFile1 = Trimethylarsine 3D balls.png ImageSize1 = 200px ImageName1 = Ball and stick model of arsine IUPACName =… …   Wikipedia

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