- Organoarsenic compound
An organoarsenic compound in
organic chemistryis an organic compoundcontaining a chemical bondbetween arsenicand carbon. Many organoarsenic compounds are produced industrially with uses as insecticide, herbicideand fungicide. The parent compound is arsine. The oldest known representative (1760) is the foul smelling cacodyl. Despite their toxicity, organoarsenic biomolecules are known for example the As betainependant arsenobetaine first identified in the Western rock lobster["Arsenic Species in Marine Samples" Kevin A. Francesconi, and John S. Edmonds CROATICA CHEMICA ACTA CCACAA 71 (2) 343–359 (1998) [http://public.carnet.hr/ccacaa/CCA-PDF/cca1998/v71-n2/CCA_71_1998_343_359_FRANCES.pdf#search="organoarsenic" Article link] ] [cite journal
title = Isolation, crystal structure and synthesis of arsenobetaine, the arsenical constituent of the western rock lobster panulirus longipes cygnus George
author = John S. Edmonds, Kevin A. Francesconi, Jack R. Cannon, Colin L. Raston, Brian W. Skelton and Allan H. White
journal = Tetrahedron Letters
volume = 18
issue = 18
pages = 1543-1546
year = 1977
doi = 10.1016/S0040-4039(01)93098-9
url = ] . In other biomolecules arsenicum is bound to
carbohydrates collectively known as arsenosugars (found especially in seaweeds). The cause for the accumulation of arsenic in some marine organisms and the biochemistry forming the compounds is still unknown. Although arsenic and most of its compounds are toxic for humans one of the first synthetic antiobiotics was Salvarsan.
Some relevant organoarsenic compound are listed in he table below:
1,2-Bis(dimethylarsino)benzeneand triphenylarsineare used as a chelating ligand. Trimethylarsineis used in Chemical vapor depositionin microelectronics. Thorin is an indicator for several metals. Arsphenamine, Neosalvarsanand Atoxylhave at one time been used as drugs. Roxarsoneis a food additive for chickens, improving weight gain.
Arsole, the arsenicum endant of pyrrole.
* Chemistry of other elements bonded to carbon
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