- Volodymyr Sosyura
Volodymyr Sosyura ( _uk. Володимир Сосюра) (b
January 6, 1898in Debaltseve, Yekaterinoslav Governorate, d January 8, 1965in Kiev) was a Ukrainian lyric poet.
Sosyura fought in Petliura's Army of the Ukrainian National Republic during the winter of 1918 to the autumn of 1919, before being taken prisoner by
Denikin's Volunteer Army. He was sentenced to death, but managed to escape. Later, after the UPRwas overrun, he joined the Red Army.
Russian Civil Warin Ukraine ended (see Ukraine after Russian Revolution), he studied at the Artem Communist Universityin Kharkivfrom 1922-23, then at the workers' faculty of the Kharkiv Institute of People's Educationfrom 1923-25. Sosyura belong to the literary organizations Pluh, Hart, Vaplite, and the All-Ukrainian Association of Proletarian Writers.
In the 1920s-30s Sosiura became very popular, but his ideological loyalties were torn between patriotic feelings for Ukraine and those for the
Soviet Unionand its often-changing ideologies. Even though he had long been a CPU(b) member he was frequently in conflict with it, and was twice expelled for “nationalist undertones,” he was even forced to undergo a “reeducation” at a factory in 1930-1931. Many of Sosyura's poems were not published.
In 1948 he was awarded the highest honor of the
Stalin Prize, but then he came under harsh criticism for his poem entitled "Love Ukraine" ("Любіть Україну"), which was deemed too nationalist in its tone, and his wife was arrested and spent six years in NKVDprisons.
Sosyura died in Kiev at the age of 66. His portrait and mention of "Love Ukraine" are featured on a two
* Білі акації будуть цвісти
* Весняний сад
* Вода десь точить білий камінь
* Ганна Іванівна
* Гей, рум'яні мої небокраї
* До брата
* Іще не скресла крига на Дніпрі
* Коли потяг у даль загуркоче
* Коли світало
* Люблю весну, та хто її не любить
* Любіть Україну
* Солов'їні далі
* Так ніхто не кохав
* Третя рота
* Третя рота (проза)
* Хто в рідному краї тепло здобуває
* Червона зима
* Шахти, терикони
* Я пам'ятаю
* Як я люблю тебе, мій краю вугляний
* [http://poetry.uazone.net/sosura/ Poetry of Volodymyr Sosyura]
*cite book | title=A Ukrainian Poet in the Soviet Union| author=Asher, Oksana | publisher=Svoboda| year=1959 | id= | pages=19
* [http://www.encyclopediaofukraine.com/display.asp?linkPath=pagesSOSosiuraVolodymyr.htm "Volodymyr Sosyura"] at [http://www.encyclopediaofukraine.com/ "Encyclopedia of Ukraine"]
* [http://www.day.kiev.ua/232/ "Volodymyr Sosiura and the Oppressors of National Spirit" By Ihor Siundiukov, "The Day"]
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