Capitol Studios

Capitol Studios

The Capitol Studios complex opened in the Capitol Records Building, a futuristic new building in the heart of Hollywood, in 1956. It has since hosted some of the most treasured recordings in music history, from Frank Sinatra to the Beastie Boys. It has been owned by Capitol Records whose parent company is EMI.

Capitol Records Building

The Capitol Records Building, also known as the 'Capitol Records Tower' is a Hollywood, California landmark. The building was designed by Welton Becket, noted architect. The building is 13 stories tall and 150' high and is a modern, striking, earthquake-resistant reinforced-concrete structure.

Capitol Studios

The ground floor, the only rectangular part of the building, is actually a separate structure which surrounds the tower and was joined to it after the entire tower was completed. It houses the Recording Department offices, two mastering rooms, three recording studios which were designed by Vincent Van Huff, Jeff Cooper, and Jack Edwards, plus six production/edit rooms.

The studio A and studio B can be used together to make space for 75 musicians to record orchestral and soundtrack music.

To prevent the hum of fluorescent lighting, the fixtures' ballasts were mounted outside the studios. The heating and air conditioning system used "decoupled ducts, sound traps and soundproofed vents."Journal of the Audio Engineering Society, 1957, Issue 04]

The exterior walls are 10-inch-thick concrete. A one-inch air gap separates the outer wall from the studios' inner wall, which in turn stands on a floor which "floats on a rubber-tiled, 3-inch concrete slab. This upper slab floats on a layer of cork, which rests on the 6-inch concrete foundation slab."

The studios' interior walls were built with shutter-like baffles. One side is birch wood, which creates a hard sound, and the other is fiberglass, which has a softer sound. Ceilings are suspended beneath thick rock-wool soundproof insulation.

Echo Chambers

The Capitol Studios feature unique echo chambers. They are subterranean concrete bunkers built 30 feet underground. The sound isolation and acoustic properties allow recording engineers to sweeten tracks with a rich reverberation.

The echo chambers were designed as trapezoidal rooms by recording artist and sound expert Les Paul. They have 10-inch-thick concrete walls and foot-thick concrete ceilings. With speakers on one side and microphones on the other, they can provide reverberation lasting up to 5 seconds. Sound engineers "use them like an artist's pallet," as one Capitol worker put it. Sound from microphones in the studios is sent to speakers in the echo chambers, and picked up by the microphones. The amount of reverberation is controlled at the sound mixing board.

The studios are threatened by the construction of a nearby condominium building and underground parking lot, which would involve heavy equipment working within 18 feet of the underground chambers.Pool, Bob - Plan to build next to Capitol Records studios sounds just awful to music biz. Los Angeles Times, June 17, 2008]

ee also

*Capitol Records
*Capitol Records Building

External links

* [http://www.capitolstudios.com Capitol Studios]
*Schoenherr, Steven E. [http://history.sandiego.edu/gen/recording/notes.html Recording Technology History.] Department of History at the University of San Diego, [July 6, 2005] . Includes [http://history.sandiego.edu/gen/recording/studios2.html Pictures of Studio A]

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ITunes Live from Capitol Studios — Концертный альбом Пола Маккартни Дата выпуска 6 марта 2012 Записан 9 февраля 2012, Capitol Studios  …   Википедия

  • Capitol Records — infobox record label name = Capitol Records image bg = white parent = EMI founded = 1942 founder = Johnny Mercer distributor = Capitol Music Group (US) genre = Various country = United States location = Hollywood, CA url =… …   Wikipedia

  • Capitol Records Building — The Capitol Records Building, also known as the Capitol Records Tower, is one of the most distinctive landmarks in Hollywood, California. The 13 story earthquake resistant tower, designed by Welton Becket, was the world s first circular office… …   Wikipedia

  • Capitol Records Building — Siège social de Capitol Records sur Hollywood Boulevard Localisation Coordonnées …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Capitol Records — 34° 06′ 11″ N 118° 19′ 34″ W / 34.10308, 118.32618 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Capitol Records — Der Capitol Tower der Firmensitz von Capitol Records in Hollywood Capitol Records ist ein US amerikanisches Plattenlabel, das zur EMI Group gehört. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Capitol City Dusters — The Capitol City Dusters was a punk band from Washington, D.C., USA that played from 1996 till 2003.Early careerThe Dusters played their first show on June 2 1996 at The Black Cat nightclub in Washington DC with Regulator Watts and The Most… …   Wikipedia

  • The Capitol Albums, Volume 1 — Бокс сет The Beatles Дата выпуска 15 ноября 2004 Записан 1963–1964 EMI Studios (Abbey Road), Лондон и Pathé Marconi Studios, Париж Жанр рок н ролл …   Википедия

  • The Capitol Albums, Volume 2 — Бокс сет The Beatles Дата выпуска 11 апреля 2006 Записан 1962–1965 EMI Studios (Abbey Road), Лондон Жанр рок н ролл …   Википедия

  • The Capitol Albums Vol. 1 — Box Set de The Beatles Publicación 15 de noviembre de 2004 Grabación Abbey Road Studios 1963 – 1964 Género(s) Rock …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”