Insolvency practitioner

Insolvency practitioner

In the United Kingdom, only an authorised or licensed Insolvency Practitioner (usually abbreviated to IP) may be appointed in relation to formal insolvency procedures.

Quite often IPs have an accountancy background. A few active practitioners are lawyers, but it is not necessary to be qualified as either, as since 1986 there has been a direct entry route to the profession.

Insolvency is a regulated profession under the Insolvency Act 1986 [1] and anyone who wishes to practise as an IP needs to pass the three examination papers set by the Joint Insolvency Examination Board (JIEB) and meet the authorising body's insolvency experience requirements. Licences are issued by the following recognised professional bodies:
*Insolvency Practitioners Association
*Institute of Chartered Accountants in England & Wales
*Institute of Chartered Accountants in Ireland
*Institute of Chartered Accountants of Scotland
*The Law Society
*Law Society of Northern Ireland
*Law Society of Scotland
*Association of Chartered Certified Accountants

As a "competent authority" under the Insolvency Act 1986, the Secretary of State for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform (BERR) - and, for Northern Ireland, the Department of Enterprise, Trade and Investment - also authorises IPs. The Insolvency Service [2] , an executive agency of BERR, oversees insolvency regulation in Great Britain and each authorising body is represented on the Joint Insolvency Committee, which aims to develop and maintain insolvency standards and best practice guidance, largely by means of Statements of Insolvency Practice (SIPs) [3] .

There are currently around 1,500 Licensed Insolvency Practitioners in the United Kingdom, not all of whom take appointments – various lawyers hold licences but rarely use them to take appointments, preferring to advise other practitioners.

Proceedures requiring an Insolvency Practitioner

Under UK law, unless the Official Receiver already holds office, the following types of formal insolvency procedure must be dealt with by a Licensed Insolvency Practitioner:

*Individual Voluntary Arrangements
*Company Voluntary Arrangements
*Administrative Receiverships
*Deeds of Arrangement
*Trust Deeds (only available in Scotland)


Insolvency Act 1986 []

Insolvency Service []

Joint Insolvency Committee Annual Report 2006 []

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