MGM-166 LOSAT

MGM-166 LOSAT

LOSAT (Line-of-Sight Anti-Tank) was a U.S. surface-to-surface missile system designed by Lockheed Martin (originally Vought) to defeat tanks and other individual targets. Instead of using a High Explosive Anti-Tank warhead like other anti-tank missiles, the LOSAT employed a solid tungsten kinetic energy penetrator to punch through armor. The LOSAT is fairly light; it was designed to be mounted onto a Humvee while allowing the vehicle to remain air-portable. Although LOSAT never entered service, it was used for the smaller Compact Kinetic Energy Missile. [http://www.army-technology.com/projects/losat/ LOSAT LINE-OF-SIGHT ANTI-TANK WEAPON - HIGH MOBILITY MULTI-PURPOSE WHEELED VEHICLE, USA] ]

History

HVM

LOSAT developed out on an earlier Vought project, the HVM. HVM was a multi-platform weapon supported by the US Air Force for their A-10, and by the US Army and US Marine Corp for helicopters and other vehicles. HVM offered performance similar to existing systems like the AGM-114 Hellfire, but offered a semi-fire-and-forget operation through the use of FLIR tracking and guidance commands sent to it via a low-power laser. It could be carried on any platform that had FLIR support, with the self-contained command guidance system able to be carried externally, or potentially integrated into existing target designators. The ending of the Cold War led to the Air Force pulling out of the project, and development work on HVM appears to have ended in the late 1980s.

AAWS-H

At about the same time, in 1988, the Army released a new requirement for a ground-based anti-tank system, known as Advanced Anti-Tank Weapon System - Heavy, or AAWS-H for short. [http://www.designation-systems.net/dusrm/m-166.html Lockheed Martin MGM-166 LOSAT/KEM - Designation Systems] ] AAWS-H specified an air-liftable lightweight system with the capability to knock out any existing or near-future tank outside its own gun range. The TOW missile could be guided from concealed locations, but did not offer the needed range and its relatively slow flight speeds (~250 m/s as opposed to 1650 for HVM) left it vulnerable while the missile was in-flight.

To fill AAWS-H, Vought developed a slightly larger extended-range version of HVM known as KEM (Kinetic Energy Missile), while their partner, Texas Instruments, provided a new FLIR targeting system that they were already working on as a TOW upgrade. Several vehicles were studied to mount the system, including the front-runnerM2 Bradley, [ [http://www.military.com/soldiertech/0,14632,Soldiertech_LOSAT,,00.html LIGHT AND LETHAL: Line-of-Sight, Anti-Tank (LOSAT)] ] as well as the M8 Armored Gun System. [http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/ground/m8-ags.htm M8 Armored Gun System] ] However, in order to lower costs and improve airmobility in a post-Cold War world, LOSAT eventually emerged on an extended-length heavy-duty Humvee with a hard-top containing four KEMs ready to fire, along with a trailer containing another eight rounds in two-round packs. The new guidance system could keep two missiles in flight to separate targets, allowing the vehicle to salvo fire its weapons against a tank squadron in a few seconds. Reaching speeds of 5,000 ft/s, LOSAT was in the air for under four seconds between launch and maximum range targets, making counterfire extremely difficult. The range was beyond that of existing main tank guns, allowing the LOSAT to fire and run before the tanks could manoeuvrer into a position to return fire.

The first KEMs were test fired in 1990 and a contract for continued development was placed by the Army. This was much slower in pace, and it was only in 1997 that an Advanced Technology Concept Demonstrator program started to bring the system to production quality. The contract called for 12 LOSAT vehicles and 144 KEMs, which were to be delivered by 2003. Even before this contract was complete, the Army asked for a production run of another 108 missiles In August 2002. The first of the 12 LOSAT units was delivered to the US Army in October 2002 and the system began a series of 18 production-qualification test firings in August 2003, at White Sands Missile Range in New Mexico. By March 2004 18 KEMs had been fired at targets under a variety of conditions, both during the day and night. Another 8 were fired in the summer of 2004 at Fort Bliss as part of a user-testing exercise.

Cancellation

By the time the test program was finished it was obvious the Army was going to cancel LOSAT after the low-rate initial production (LRIP) batch of about 435 missiles was delivered. By this point the Army had already started work on a system known as the Compact Kinetic Energy Missile (or CKEM), based on the LOSAT concepts but smaller and lighter, more in tune with real-world threats. As it turned out, even the LRIP contract was never funded, and the LOSAT program terminated.

Notes

External links

* [http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/ground/losat.htm Globalsecurity article on the LOSAT]
* [http://www.wsmr-history.org/LOSAT2.mpeg Video of LOSAT in action]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • MGM-1 Matador — Un MGM 1 Matador Présentation Fonction Missile sol sol Constructeur Martin …   Wikipédia en Français

  • MGM-52 Lance — Un MGM 52 exposé au White Sands Missile Range Museum, Nouveau Mexique, à côté d une rampe de lancement mobile M752. Présentation Fonction missile balistique à courte portée (SRBM) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mgm-51 shillelagh — Un missile MGM 51 Shillelagh tiré depuis un tank M551 Sheridan. Le MGM 51 Shillelagh est un missile antichar américain qui a la particularité d être tiré par un canon de char d assaut (Char M60A2 ou M551 Sheridan) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • MGM-134A Midgetman — Test de lancement d un missile Midgetman Présentation Fonction ICBM Constructeur Martin Marietta …   Wikipédia en Français

  • MGM-134 Midgetman — Test de lancement d un missile Midgetman Présentation Fonction ICBM Constructeur Martin Marietta …   Wikipédia en Français

  • MGM-18 Lacrosse — Un MGM 18 Lacrosse sur une rampe de lancement XM 398 Présentation Fonction missile balistique à courte portée (SRBM) Constructeur …   Wikipédia en Français

  • MGM-31 Pershing — 48° 10′ 39″ N 9° 17′ 17″ E / 48.1775, 9.28806 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • MGM-29 Sergeant — Un MGM 29 Sergeant en vol Le MGM 29 Sergeant était un missile sol sol américain de courte portée propulsé par des moteurs fusées à propergol solide. Conçu au Jet Propulsion Laboratory, il fut mis en service par l’US Army en 1962 pour remplacer le …   Wikipédia en Français

  • MGM-5 Corporal — Un missile Corporal monté sur une rampe de lancement. Le MGM 5 Corporal était un missile sol sol téléguidé américain. Ce fut le premier missile autorisé par les États Unis à transporter une ogive nucléaire. Il pouvait aussi transporter une ogive… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • MGM-51 Shillelagh — Un missile MGM 51 Shillelagh tiré depuis un tank M551 Sheridan. Le MGM 51 Shillelagh est un missile antichar américain qui a la particularité d être tiré par un canon de char d assaut (Char M60A2 ou M551 Sheridan). Il est nommé d après le… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”