Tapering, in the context of sports, refers to the practice of reducing, or tapering off, exercise in the days just before an important competition. [cite web | last =Sun Devil Aquatics | first = | authorlink = | coauthors = | title =Glossary of Terms | work =Swim Levels, Meet Types | publisher = | date = | url =http://www.sundevilaquatics.com/parentscorner/glossary_terms.asp | format = | doi = | accessdate =2007-10-04 ] Tapering is customary in many endurance sports, such as the marathon, athletics and swimming. For many athletes, a significant period of tapering is essential for optimal performance. The tapering period frequently lasts as much as a week or more.

Tapering periods

As a general rule of thumb, longer endurance events are generally preceded by longer tapering periods, with the curious exception of particularly long endurance competitions, such as ultramarathons and multiday races.

Typically, tapering for relatively short endurance events takes as little as a week or less, but tapering for an event like the marathon takes at least two or three weeks. Bob Cooper, a veteran marathoner and contributing editor for "Runner's World", points to medical studies as evidence that the final three weeks of any marathon-training program are the most critical stage of training; a review of fifty studies on tapering indicates that optimal levels of muscle glycogen, enzymes, antioxidants, and hormones, which are significantly depleted by intense endurance training, are achieved during a taper. [cite web | last =Cooper | first =Bob | authorlink = | coauthors = | title =It's Taper Time | work = | publisher = | date = | url =http://www.runnersworld.com/article/0,7120,s6-238-244-255-5958-0,00.html | format = | doi = | accessdate =2007-10-04 ]

Before tapering

Often, a workout simulating the actual race distance and conditions will climax the period of training immediately before tapering. "The taper should be preceded by your last long run", according to two-time American Olympian Pete Pfitzinger. [cite web | last =Pfitzinger | first =Pete | authorlink = | coauthors = | title =Tapering For A Marathon | work =the Pfitzinger Lab Report | publisher = | date = | url =http://www.pfitzinger.com/labreports/marathontaper.shtml | format = | doi = | accessdate =2007-10-04 ]


External links

* [http://www.pfitzinger.com/labreports/marathontaper.shtml Pfitzinger.com] - "Tapering for a Marathon", Pete Pfitzinger
* [http://www.marathontraining.com/marathon/m_taper.html MarathonTraining.com] - "Marathon Training Program: Tapering"
* [http://www.runnersworld.com/article/0,7120,s6-238-244--10201-0,00.html RunnersWorld.com] - "Taper Traps", Dave Kuehls, "Runner's World"

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  • Tapering — bezeichnet die Reduktion des Trainingsumfangs vor einer großen Ausdauerbelastung (Wettkampf). Der Begriff ist vom englischen Begriff „Tapering“ („Zuspitzung“ oder „Reduktion“) abgeleitet. Der Umfang des Taperings wird unterschiedlich gehandhabt… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tapering — Ta per*ing, a. Becoming gradually smaller toward one end. {Ta per*ing*ly}, adv. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • tapering — index narrow Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • tapering — I noun the act of gradually lowering the size or amount the doctor prescribed the tapering of the dose • Derivationally related forms: ↑taper • Hypernyms: ↑lowering II adjective 1. gradually decreasing until little remain …   Useful english dictionary

  • Tapering — Taper Ta per, v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Tapered}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Tapering}.] To become gradually smaller toward one end; as, a sugar loaf tapers toward one end. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • tapering — adj. Tapering is used with these nouns: ↑chimney …   Collocations dictionary

  • tapering — noun A tapered shape …   Wiktionary

  • tapering — Synonyms and related words: acanthoid, acanthous, acicular, acuate, aculeate, aculeiform, acuminate, acute, barbed, coarctation, cone shaped, constriction, contraction, cornuted, cusped, cuspidate, hispid, horned, horny, mucronate, narrowing,… …   Moby Thesaurus

  • tapering — (Roget s IV) modif. Syn. conical, pyramidal, pointed; see sharp 2 …   English dictionary for students

  • tapering — ta|per|ing [ teıpərıŋ ] adjective getting narrower toward one end …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

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