- USS McGinty (DE-365)
The USS "McGinty" (DE-365) was a "John C. Butler"-class
destroyer escort. She was named for Sonarman Third Class Franklin Alexander McGinty, who was killed aboard the gunboat USS "Plymouth" (PG-57) on 5 August 1943. He was posthumously awarded the Navy Crossfor extraordinary heroism without regard for his own safety.
"McGinty" was laid down by the
Consolidated Steel Corporationof Orange, Texason 3 May 1944. She was launched on 5 August 1944, sponsored by Mrs. Perrillah Atkinson Malone; and commissioned at Orange on 25 September1944, with Lieutenant CommanderWilliam H. Harrison in command.
After shakedown off
Bermudaand training along the east coast, "McGinty" departed Norfolk, Virginia, on 4 Decemberfor escort duty in the western Pacific. As flagship for Escort Division 86, she touched at San Diego, California, and Pearl Harborand reached Eniwetok on 16 January 1945. Later that day she continued on to Guamas convoyescort. During the next 3 months she escorted ships from Eniwetokto Guam and Ulithi. She completed three round trips between Eniwetok and Guam and two between Eniwetok and Ulithi, escorting tankers, transports, escort carriers, and merchant ships.
"McGinty" arrived at Ulithi on
27 Apriland served there as patrol ship until 15 June. After a run to Guam and back, she sailed in convoy for Okinawaon 1 July. She returned to Ulithi via Saipanthe 12th, and completed a similar run to the Palaus and back on 23 July. She departed on a second Okinawa run on 4 Augustand returned to Ulithi on V-J Day. Thence between 22 and 26 Augustshe sailed to Okinawa for duty with the 5th Fleet.
9 September, "McGinty" sailed in the screen of a minesweepingand evacuation force bound for Japan. She arrived in Wakayama, Honshū, on the 11th and supported the evacuation of POWsbefore sailing for Okinawa on the 18th. She returned to Wakayama a week later and resumed her support of occupation operations along the Honshū coast. During the next 2 months she escorted ships between the Inland Seaand Tokyo Bay, served as a harbor entrance control ship in the swept channel of Bungo Suido, and made courier runs out of Wakayama. Departing Japan on 2 January 1946, "McGinty" sailed via Eniwetok and Pearl Harbor to San Francisco where she arrived on 22 January. She steamed to San Diego 23 and 24 March, was decommissioned there on 15 January 1947, and was berthed in the San Diego Group, Pacific Reserve Fleet.
Following the outbreak of
Communistaggression in South Korea, "McGinty" was recommissioned at San Diego on 28 March 1951, with Lieutenant Commander Frederick W. Pennoyer in command. She carried out intensive training along the west coast and at Pearl Harbor. Then, as flagship of Escort Squadron 11, she sailed east on 29 October. Arriving in Korean waters on 21 November, she began blockadeand patrolduty in Wonsan Harborand conducted numerous shore bombardments of Communist-held positions. She returned to Japan in mid-December, and joined the 7th Fleet’s patrols in the Straits of Formosaon 6 January 1952. She returned to the east coast of the war-torn Korean Peninsula, and between 5 Marchand 29 Aprilcarried out two more blockadeand bombardment deployments at Wonsan. She departed Japan on 15 Mayand returned to her home port at Pearl Harbor the 24th.
During the next year "McGinty" prepared for additional westerm Pacific duty. After arriving in
Sasebo, Japanon 20 May 1953, she resumed patrol duty along the east coast of Korea and screened ships during sea replenishment operations. Following the cessation of hostilities, she continued peacekeeping patrols and took part in anti-submarine warfareexercises. Once done, she departed Korean waters.
17 November 1954"McGinty" sailed on her third cold wardeployment to the Far East. During the remainder of the year she patrolled the Sea of Japanoff Korea, and on 1 January 1955she transferred this peacekeeping duty to ships of the Republic of Korea’s Navy in a ceremony at Pusan. She continued to support “keeping the peace” missions of the 7th Fleet. In February she served in the screen for the Mobile Replenishment Groupwhich supported the 7th Fleet during the timely and successful evacuation of the Tachen Islands. This display of U.S. seapower permitted the removal of Chinese Nationalistsfrom an untenable position on the coastal islands along the mainland of China and was called “the most forthright U.S. action against communism since the Korean War.”
"McGinty" returned to Pearl Harbor from the westerm Pacific on
23 Mayand conducted type and squadron operations out of Pearl Harbor during the rest of 1955. Between April and July 1956 she supported United States nuclear testing programs in the Marshall Islands, serving both as a survey and a search and rescueship. She then returned to Pearl Harbor for duty in the Hawaiian area until 17 June 1957, when she sailed to rejoin the 7th Fleet. For more than 4 months she ranged the western Pacific from the Marianasand the Philippinesto Australiaand Japan. She arrived back at Pearl Harbor on 5 November.
7 June 1958"McGinty" began her fifth Far East deployment of the decade. While operating in the Marianas, she joined Escort Squadron 7on 1 July. Between 15 Septemberand 12 Octobershe patrolled the northern station of the Taiwan Strait with other ships of the 7th Fleet. This timely demonstration thwarted the possible Communist invasion of the Chinese Nationalist islands of Quemoyand Matsu.
"McGinty" steamed to
Seattle, Washingtonfrom 3 to 9 January 1959. She decommissioned at Portland, Oregon, on 19 September 1959and was assigned to ResCortDiv 13. She was placed in service as a group II selected reserve destroyer escort. Manned by a reserve crew, she performed vital training duty for Naval Reserves. In response to overt Communist pressures by East Germanyagainst West Berlin, "McGinty" was mobilized by Presidential order on 25 August 1961and recommissioned on 2 October 1961, with CommanderJerome E. Aakhus in command.
"McGinty" sailed to Pearl Harbor, and as flagship for Escort Squadron 7, trained in Hawaiian waters until departing for the western Pacific on
10 February 1962. She bolstered the peacekeeping efforts of the versatile 7th Fleet while cruising the Far East from the South China Seato the Sea of Japan. She returned to Portland on 17 July, decommissioned on 1 August 1962, and resumed in service duty as a training ship for Naval Reserves.
Operating out of Portland, "McGinty" provided valuable service as a training ground to maintain the operational and combat readiness of reservists. In addition, she took part in summer training exercises in Hawaiian waters and along the west coast. While remaining ready to meet the threats to world peace from Communist aggression and subversion, she also responded promptly to the menace of natural disasters. During a
floodwhich affected much of Oregonand portions of northern California in late December 1964, she provided material assistance to emergency teams and lifesavingmissions in the stricken areas.
"McGinty" was transferred to the
Inactive Ship Maintenance Facilityin Bremerton, Washington, on 23 September 1968. Her name was struck from the Navy list the same day, and she was sold for scrapping 27 October 1969.
"McGinty" received three
battle stars for her Korean Warservice.
* [http://www.navsource.org/archives/06/365.htm navsource.org: USS "McGinty"]
* [http://www.hazegray.org/danfs/escorts/de365.txt hazegray.org: USS "McGinty"]
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