1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane

1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane

Chembox new
Reference = "Merck Index", 11th Edition, 9125.]
ImageFile1 = 1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane.png ImageSize1 = 150px
ImageFileL1 = 1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane3D.png ImageSizeL1 = 120px
ImageFileR1 = 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane3D2.png ImageSizeR1 = 120px
IUPACName = 1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane
OtherNames = s-Tetrachloroethane
Acetylene tetrachloride
R-130
TeCA
Section1 = Chembox Identifiers
CASNo = 79-34-5
PubChem = 6591
SMILES = C(C(Cl)Cl)(Cl)Cl

Section2 = Chembox Properties
C=2|H=2|Cl=4
MolarMass = 167.848 g/mol
Appearance = Clear liquid
Density = 1.59 g/cm3
MeltingPtC = -44
BoilingPtC = 146.5
Solubility = 1 g/350 mL

Section3 = Chembox Hazards
MainHazards =
FlashPt =
Autoignition =

1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane is a chlorinated derivative of ethane. It has the highest solvent power of any chlorinated hydrocarbon. As a refrigerant, it is used under the name R-130.

It was once widely used as a solvent and as an intermediate in the industrial production of trichloroethylene, tetrachloroethylene, and 1,2-dichloroethylene. [Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Toxicological Profile for 1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane (Update). U.S. Public Health Service, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, GA. 1996.] However, 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane is no longer used much in the United States due to concerns about its toxicity. [http://www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/hlthef/tetrachl.html Tetrachloroethane] at U.S. EPA]

Chronic inhalation exposure in humans results in jaundice and an enlarged liver, headaches, tremors, dizziness, numbness, and drowsiness and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency as a Group C possible human carcinogen.

See also

* 1,1,1,2-Tetrachloroethane

References


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