Prosthodontics is one of the 9 specialties recognized by the
American Dental Association, Royal College of Dentists of Canada, and Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons.
A prosthodontist is a dentist who specializes in prosthodontics, the specialty of implant, esthetic and reconstructive dentistry. Prosthodontists specialize in the restoration of oral function by creating
prosthesesand restorations (i.e., complete dentures, crowns, implant retained/supported restorations). Cosmetic dentistry, implants and joint problems all fall under the field of prosthodontics.
The American College of Prosthodontists (ACP) [http://www.prosthodontics.org/] ensures standards are maintained in the field. Becoming a prosthodontist requires an additional 3 years of specialty training after obtaining a dental degree. Training consists of rigorous preparation in
head and neck anatomy, materials science, esthetics, and occlusion (bite). Due to this extensive training, prosthodontists are frequently called upon to treat complex cosmetic cases, full mouth reconstructions, TMJ related disorders, congenital disorders, and sleep apneaby planning and fabricating various prostheses. Board certification is awarded through the American Board of Prosthodontics (ABP) [http://www.prosthodontics.org/abp/] and requires successful completion of the Part I written examination and Part 2, 3 and 4 oral examinations. The written and one oral examination may be taken during the 3rd year of speciality training and the remaining two oral examinations taken following completion of speciality training. Board eligibility starts when an application is approved by the ABP and lasts for six years [http://www.prosthodontics.org/UserFiles/File/ABP%20Feb%2020%202008%20Guidelines%20for%20Certification.pdf] . Diplomates of the ABP are required to have a practice limited to prosthodontics. Fellows of the American College of Prosthodontists (FACP) are required to have a dental degree, have completed 3 years of prosthodontic speciality training and be board certified by the ABP.
Maxillofacial prosthetics is a sub-specialty of prosthodontics. Maxillofacial prosthodontists treat patients who have acquired and
congenitaldefects of the head and neck(maxillofacial) region due to surgery, trauma, and/or birth defect. It requires an additional year of training after completing an approved prosthodontic training program. Artificial eyes (see Ocular prosthetic, ears, and maxillary obturators are commonly planned and fabricated by maxillofacial prosthodontists). Other less commonly employed prostheses include mouth devices used by amputees to aid in daily activities, tracheostomy obturators, and craniofacial prosthesis.
* [http://www.prosthodontics.org American College of Prosthodontists]
* [http://www.prosthodontics.org/abp/ American Board of Prosthodontics]
* [http://www.ada.org.au/about/affiliates/aanzp.aspx The Academy of Australian and New Zealand Prosthodontists]
* [http://www.prosthodontics.org/patients/faqs.asp About prosthodontics]
* [http://maxillofacialprosth.org/maxillo/maxillofacial/ American Academy of Maxillofacial Prosthetics]
* [http://www.ada.org American Dental Association]
* [http://www.icp-org.com/ International College of Prosthodontists]
* [http://www.jprosthodont.com Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society]
* [http://www.bsspd.org British Society for the Study of Prosthetic Dentistry]
* [http://www.dciindia.org Dental Council of India ]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.