Fox family of Falmouth

Fox family of Falmouth

::::"For the Fox Family TV Network, preceding ABC Family, see Television networks preceding ABC Family"

The Fox family of Falmouth, Cornwall, UK were very influential in the development of the town of Falmouth in the 19th Century and of the Cornish Industrial Revolution [ [ For a brief online account of the activities of the Fox family, see Brinley Morris's talk to the Falmouth Civic Society, illustrated with portraits. (Accessed 23 October 2007)] . For evidence of their influence, "see" Gill, Crispin "Great Cornish Families" (1995).] . In the 18th and 19th centuries, many of them were members of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers).

Caroline and Barclay's "Journals"

Caroline and Barclay Fox kept remarkable journals, which were published in the 1970s and provide historical and literary biographical sources for Mid-Nineteenth Century Britain. Caroline's "Journal" was originally published in 1881, when it was a “surprise best-seller”. A new selection from the 1872 edition by Wendy Monk was published in 1972 ["See" “Sources” below for bibliographical details if the "Journals".] .

Caroline Fox kept her "Journal" from 1835 to 1871 [Caroline Fox's "Journal"] .
Barclay Fox kept his "Journal" from 1832 to 1854 (but with few entries after 1844) [Barclay Fox's "Journal".] . Barclay's journal was published in a scholarly but accessible edition by Raymond L. Brett in 1979, reprinted with additional material in 2008.

Family friends, mentioned in the "Journals" of Caroline and Barclay Fox

*Henry de la Beche
*John Bright
*Thomas and Jane Carlyle
*Derwent Coleridge
*William Forster
*Davies Gilbert
*Robert Hunt
*Thomas Brown Jordan
*Charles Kingsley
*Charles Lemon
*John Stewart Mill
*John Rogers (divine)
*Dean Stanley
*John Sterling
*George Wightwick

Royal Cornwall Polytechnic Society

The idea for the foundation of the Royal Cornwall Polytechnic Society was created by Caroline, Barclay and their older sister, Anna Maria.The first Committee of the "Poly", elected in January 1833, was rather dominated by Fox family members: "Dr. Fox , Mr & Mrs RW Fox, Mr & Mrs GC Fox, Mr TW Fox, Mr GP Fox, Mr & Mrs A Fox, Mr J Fox, Mr & Mrs C Fox of Perran, Miss Fox and Misses AM and C Fox and Mr RB Fox of Bank." ["RCPS Annual Report 1833"] .

In 1870, the Falmouth & Penryn Committee included Charles Fox (President), Miss AM Fox, A.Fox, N.Fox, RW Fox, Howard Fox, Mrs Howard Fox, Robert Fox, Samuel Fox and George Henry Fox. Miss AM Fox judged the Needlework that had been exhibited in the Annual Exhibition ["RCPS Annual Report 1870"] .

The "Poly" still thrives in Church Street, Falmouth.

cience and technology

Caroline and Barclay's father and uncle were both scientists. Their father, Robert Were Fox, was an FRS with interests in mineralogy, metallurgy and geo-magnetism. He was a live wire in the British Association. He invented an improved version of the Dipping Needle Deflector, a navigational aid for polar explorers.

Their uncle, Charles Fox also published scientific papers and ran an innovative Iron Foundry.


Robert, Charles and their brother, Alfred, were deeply engaged in exotic botany and horticulture. They founded the gardens at Trebah, Glendurgan (now a National Trust property), Penjerrick and Rosehill, in Falmouth, all currently open to the public and containing mature specimens on exotic plants and trees.


George Croker Fox (1784-1850), Robert Were Fox FRS and Alfred Fox assembled excellent collections of minerals, which are now in the British Museum (Natural History), given by Arthur Russell. Edward Fox (1749-1817), merchant, of Wadebridge supplied the great collector, Philip Rashleigh with mineral specimens [Mineralogy references: Embery, P.G. and Symes, R.F. (1987) "Minerals of Cornwall and Devon", British Museum (Natural History), ISBN Hardback 0-565-01046-8 Paperback 0-565-00989-3.] .

Quaker interests

Many of the family were Quakers, but they were "not" related to the George Fox (1624-1691) who was one of the founders of the movement.

They were active locally in the Falmouth Meeting, Cornwall Monthly Meeting and Devon and Cornwall Quarterly Meeting. According to the "Journals" of Caroline and Barclay Fox, their parents and uncles usually attended the annual gathering of Quakers called London Yearly Meeting, when, as well as attending the sessions of Yearly Meeting, they met their Quaker relations and friends from all over the United Kingdom. Caroline and Anna Maria Fox were "Plain Quakers" all their lives, their unfashionable narrow skirts inspiring the names of two mine chimneys. However, the Falmouth Quakers were not "plain" in their appreciation and practice of art and literature. During the period that Barclay Fox kept his Journal, he abandoned the numbering of months for the "pagan" names, previously avoided by Friends.

The Fox family intermarried with local Quaker families and prominent Quaker mercantile families "The Biographical dictionary of British Quakers in commerce and industry, 1775-1920", by Edward H. Milligan, Sessions of York (2007) ISBN 978-1-85702-367-7.] , such as Backhouse and Pease of Darlington, Hustler, Lloyd and Barclay of Bury Hill.

Business interests of the Fox family

The family worked in partnership with other Quaker families, Tregelles of Falmouth and Price of South Wales and with the Methodist family of Williams.

hip broking

* G.C. Fox (Shipping Brokers) [ The counting house of G.C. Fox & Co. was at 48 Arwenack Street, Falmouth TR11 5JH, near the Custom House. The company ceased trading September 30, 2003. The building was refurbished in 2005 and ground floor is now a branch of the [ Great Atlantic Art Galleries] .] was a major trader in the growing freight port of Falmouth.

Pilchard fishery, processing and export

Alfred Fox was heavily engaged in the Pilchard industry of Cornwall. Much of the output was salted fish for export to Catholic Southern Europe.

Iron founding

* Perran Foundry
**General manager of the Foundry: George Fox the Second ( -1825), Charles Fox (1825-1842), Barclay Fox (1842- )
* Neath Abbey Iron Foundry.

Metal mining

* Tin and Copper mining - supplying credit, pumping engines, imported materials: timber balks, coal. In partnership with the Williams family, developing the harbour at Portreath and a trackway to the mines from there. ["Cornish copper mining 1795-1830: economy, structure and change" by Jim Lewis in "Cornish Studies" Vol 14 (2006), pp164-186; Exeter University Press, ISBN 0-85989-799-0. The reference to the Fox family is pp.171-172, 176, 178. ] .

Coal Mining

*Neath Abbey Coal Company (in partnership with the Price and Tregelles families) [ [ West Glamorgan Archive Service: papers of the Neath Antiquarian Society - Neath Abbey Coal Company.] and [ History of Coal Mining in the Bryncoch Area] ] .

Timber trade

For 200 years, the Fox family carried out the timber trade, with depots at Penryn, Cornwall, Falmouth, Truro and Grampound Road. In 1957, the business was merged with Harvey's of Hayle "G.C. Fox & Co 1762-1977: to commemorate with loyal affection the Siver Jubilee andvisit to falmouth of her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, 6 August 1977 and to mark the 250th anniversary of the birth of George Croker Fox." (Souvenir brochure, 8 pages). ] .


* Consulships of various foreign countries, held successively by members of the Fox family.

"U.S. State Department FAQs: Have there been multi-generational foreign affairs families in U.S. history? . . . . A family of English Quaker merchants named Fox were U.S. Consuls at Falmouth, England. Robert Were Fox served from 1794 to 1812, and again from 1815 to his death in 1818. Robert Were Fox , Jr. served from 1819 to 1854 (their middle name is sometimes spelled "Weare" or "Ware"). Somehow the Consulate passed out of the family between 1854 and 1863. Two more generations of Foxes then served. Alfred Fox was appointed in 1863, and Howard Fox served from 1874 until the post was closed in December 1905." [ U.S. State Department FAQs] ] .
U.S. Consuls
*1792-1794 Edward Long Fox [The Library of the U.S. State department says that this appointment was a mistake. They intended to appoint R.W. Fox.] .
*1794-1812, 1815-1818 R.W.Fox the Elder.
*1818-1854 R.W. Fox the Younger.
*1854-1863 [Unknown] The American Civil War(1861-1865)
*1863-1874 Alfred Fox, brother of R.W.Fox the Younger.
*1874-1905 Howard Fox, son of Alfred Fox [ [ U.S. State Department FAQs] ]

Medicine and Surgery

Several members of the family were surgeons and physicians, some based in Falmouth. The most distinguished of these seems to have been Edward Long Fox (1762-1835), lunatic asylum proprietor at Brislington and developer of Weston-super-Mare as a sea-bathing resort. He married twice and had 15 daughters and 8 sons Redwood, U.M. (1989) "A family of Quaker doctors" photocopied electric typewriter text. Copy at the Cornish Studies Centre, Reduth.] [Names of Children of EL Fox listed at [] . His eldest son was also named "Edward Long Fox".] .He should not be confused with another Edward Long Fox, in whose name an annual public lecture has been endowed, at the University of Bristol [ [ University of Bristol Public lectures webpage.] (accessed 15 Sept 2007),

Long Fox Memorial Lecture: The Edward Long Fox Memorial Fund was raised by subscription among the friends of Edward Long Fox, M.D., F.R.C.P. (1832-1902), Physician at the Bristol Royal Infirmary from 1857 to 1877 and Lecturer in the Bristol Medical School from 1869 to 1874. The income from the fund is used mainly to provide an annual lecture on some subject connected with medicine or the allied sciences, to be held at University College, Bristol (later the University of Bristol) and given by a lecturer either selected from Bristol or the neighbourhood or who has been a student or a member of the teaching staff. The first lecture was given by Dr. J. Beddoe in 1904. In 1958 the Trusteeship of the Fund was transferred to the University.
The connection, if any, with the earlier E.L. Fox has not been established.] . The "Oxford Companion to Medicine" states there were 21 doctors in the Fox dynasty [ [,M1 "Oxford Companion to Medicine" online on Google Books accessed 8 November 2007 - page 696.] ] .


Children and grandchildren of George Fox of Par

George Fox of Par was the son of Francis Fox and his second wife, Tabitha Croker.George Fox married twice, first, to Mary Bealing and, second, to Anna Debell. Children of first marriage of George Fox to Mary Bealing
*Edward Fox (born 1719) of Wadebridge, married Anna Were (1719-1788). They had nine children, including
**George Fox (July 11, 1746 - June 22, 1816) of Perranarworthal near Falmouth, Cornwall, merchant
**Thomas Fox (March 17, 1747/8 - April 29, 1821) of Wellington, Somerset (woollen manufacturer and banker).
**Edward Fox (December 13, 1749-April 8, 1817) of Wadebridge, Merchant .
**Robert Were Fox (1758-1872) of Wadebridge (not to be confused with his son, Robert Were Fox (1792-1872) or his cousin or cousin's son, both also called "Robert Were Fox"). Children of George Fox's second marriage to Anna Debell
*George Croker Fox the First (1727/8-1781) ("").
*Joseph Fox (1729-1784) of Falmouth. He was a medical doctor, who settled in Falmouth. He married Elizabeth Hingston (28 October 1733-1802) on 17 May 1754 [ [ HINGSTON PEDIGREE Copied from a chart by JOHN ALLEN, of Liskeard; by ROBT. DYMOND, JUN., 1851. (including Fox & Tregelles marriages).] and [ Richard Hingston of Penryn and his family (from a document of vague provenance)] on Chris Burgoyne's website.] . He was Mayor of Falmouth at the time of the visit of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, on 1 September 1843.

The eleven children of Joseph Fox (1729-1784) and Elizabeth Hingston included two who became medical doctors-
**Joseph Fox (1754-1832), of Falmouth, who married Elizabeth Peters.
**Edward Long Fox (1762-1835), lunatic asylum proprietor at Brislington and developer of Weston-super-Mare as a sea-bathing resort ("Described above under "Medicine and Surgery""). Edward Long Fox married first, Catherine Brown, and second, Isabella Ker, and had 22 children.

:The other children of Joseph Fox (1729-1784) and Elizabeth Hingston were:
**Anna, who married first, William Rawes, and second, Thomas Thompson
**Elizabeth married John Allen
**Richard married Hannah Forster
**Nathaniel: he was Mayor of Falmouth in 1865 [ [ 1861 Census transcript] Nathaniel Fox is shown as at No. 19, Market Street, Falmouth, Age 25, an Ironmonger, wife: Elizabeth Fox, Daughter: Anna Elizth Fox, Son: Francis Joseph. In the [ 1881 Census] , he is shown at 41 Market Street with additional children, aged between 19 and 4: Ellen M. Fox, Rachel T. Fox, Arthur E. Fox, Harriet Fox, Gertrude Fox, Cath.M. Fox, Marshall N. Fox, Saml. A. Fox, Geo. A. Fox]
**Francis married Hester Mills

Children of George Croker Fox the First (1727-1781) and Mary Were, his wife:

George Croker Fox the First was the son of George Fox of Par and his second wife, Anna Debell. In 1749, he and Mary Were (died 1796) were married. Their children were:

*George Croker Fox the Second (2 June 1752 - 31 December 1807)"Old Falmouth" by Susan E. Gay (1903). A portrait of George Croker Fox the Second is in Page 148 and an account of his family on pp. 149-160. Miss Gay was a personal acquaintance of Anna Maria Fox.] . He married Catherine Young (1751? - 1809) in 1780.

**Their son, also called, George Croker Fox (1784-1850) [ Chris Knight's genealogy database. (Accessed 23 October 2007)] ] , in 1810, married Lucy Barclay (b.1783), whose sister, Maria, who married R.W. Fox the Younger. Lucy and Maria were daughters of Robert Barclay (1751-1830) of Bury Hill, near Dorking, Surrey [A family tree of the Barclays is on pages 26/26 of "Barclay Fox's journal (Ed. Brett)". See Sources below, for bibliographical details. Additional information from [ Barclay Family tree (Accessed 23 October 2007.)] ] . Lucy and George Croker Fox the Third had no children. He was the author of the following translations:
***"The Prometheus of Æschylus" and the "Electra of Sophocles". Translated ... With notes, intended to illustrate the typical character of the former. Also, a few original poems. By George Croker Fox. London, Darton & Harvey, 1835.
***"The death of Demosthenes, and other original poems: with the Prometheus and Agamemnon of Æschylus", translated from the Greek; London, 1839.
*Joshua Fox (?1752 - 1791) . (Not to be confused with Joshua Fox (1792-1877).
*Robert Were Fox the Elder, (1754-1818), businessman .
*Thomas Were Fox (July 1, 1766 - July 23, 1844) married Mary Tregelles (1770-1835). They had four sons, He moved to Plymouth after his wife's death
*William Were Fox (d.1775)
*Philip Fox (d.1775). William and Philip were drowned "in a great storm, off the coast of Holland."
*Three other children.

Children of R.W. Fox the Elder and Elizabeth Tregelles (1768-1848), his wife:

*Robert Were Fox the Younger (1789-1877), F.R.S. and businessman. ("See below")
*George Philip Fox (1790-1854)
*Joshua Fox (April 17, 1792- March 27, 1887) ["The Times" Death Notice Joshua Fox, Apr 02, 1877; pg. 1; col A. However, Milligan gives the death date as 27th March.] of Tregenda, married Joanna Flannering [ [ Foxhound Genealogy website] ] , who died 1826. Three daughters:
**Joanna Ellen Fox
**Marie Louise Fox (1825 - July 1894) - married Harry Triebner in October 1877. [ [ Triebner family website, giving an account of the marriage.] She was buried in the Quaker Burial Ground at Budock.]
**Josephine Fox
*Alfred Fox (1794-1894), businessman. Twelve children. (Details of his marriage and children are given in his Wikipedia article).
*Henry (d.1809)
*Charles Fox (scientist) (1797-1878) of Trebah, general manager of the Perran Foundry
*Charlotte Fox (1799-1879) married Samuel Fox (1794-1874), of Wellington, his second marriage, 18 April 1849 [Marriage notice in The Times Apr 24, 1849; pg. 9; col A] . The family moved to Tottenham in 1837 and on his retirement in 1857, to Falmouth .
*Elizabeth Tregelles Fox (1800-1837) married Will Gibbins (1791-February 15, 1843), of Birmingham and later of Falmouth, banker, in 1833 . No children
*Lewis Fox (15 February, 1803 - 6 December, 1839), unmarried. Merchant at Perran Wharf [DQB] .
*Mariana Fox (1807-1863) married Francis Tuckett (1802-1868), of Frenchay, leather factor, in 1833

Children of R.W. Fox the Younger and Maria Barclay, his wife

*Anna Maria Fox (February 21,1816"Barclay Fox's journal". See Sources below for bibliographical details.] . – November 18,1897 ["Foxhound"] ), promoter of the Royal Cornwall Polytechnic Society. No children. Amateur painter and organiser of the Art section of the Annual Exhibition at the “Poly”. The first purpose-built building of Falmouth School of Art, in Arwenack Avenue, was given in memory of herGay, Susan E. (1903) "Old Falmouth" page 238] . The 1904 building was refurbished in 2007.
*Barclay Fox (1817–1855), author of "Journal", published in 1979 (Details of his marriage and children are given in his Wikipedia article).
*Caroline Fox (1819–1871), author of "Journal", published in 1881"Memories of Old Friends Caroline Fox of Penjerrick, Cornwall", See Sources below for bibliographical details.] and 1972 ["The journals of Caroline Fox, 1835–1871: a selection", See Sources below for bibliographical details.] . No children.

Other relations

*Edmund Backhouse (MP) (1824–1906), son-in-law of Charles Fox.
*Horace Pym, editor of Caroline Fox's "Journal", published 1881 and husband, successively of two of her relations.
*Josiah Fox (1763-1847), naval architect and a relation of this family.
*Howard Fox, (10 February, 1836 - 15 November, 1922), son of Alfred and Sarah Fox, Chair of the Falmouth Harbour Board and the Falmouth Docks Company for 45 years. Married Olivia Blanche Orme, a non-Quaker. They had two sons , Charles Masson Fox and Howard Orme Fox, and two daughters, Olivia Lloyd Fox and Stella Fox. [DQB] .
*Charles Masson Fox (6 November, 186611 October, 1935), chess player. Son of Howard Fox and Olivia Blanche Orme, his wife [DQB] . Partner in the Fox family's businesses and Consul to Russia and Sweden.
*Charles Fox (1740?–1809), poet and orientalist of Falmouth and Bristol. This Charles Fox is the subject of a DNB article [W. P. Courtney, "Fox, Charles (1740?–1809)", rev. Philip Carter, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, May 2007 [] accessed 16 July 2007.] . It is not clear whether or how he was related to other Falmouth Foxes.
*Robert Barclay Fox (July 24, 1873 - April 22, 1934), Son of Robert Fox and Ellen Bassett, his wife. Grandson of Barclay Fox. Cornwall County Councillor, High Sheriff of Cornwall, 1920-1921, Partner in G.C. Fox ["Who was Who"] .

References and sources



The Journals
*Fox, Caroline (1881) "Memories of Old Friends Caroline Fox of Penjerrick, Cornwall" (edited by H. N. Pym, 1881; 2nd edition, 1882).
*cite book
last = Fox | first = Robert Barclay | authorlink = Barclay Fox | title = Barclay Fox's journal, (edited by by Raymond Brett) | publisher = Bell and Hyman | date = 1979 | location = London | id = ISBN 0-7135-1865-0
U.S. edition, Rowman & Littlefield (1979), Totowa, N.J. ISBN 0-8476-6187-3Other Sources
*Crewdson, H.A.F. (1976) "George Fox of Tredrea and his three daughters: a century of family history" published by the Author.
*DQB:Dictionary of Quaker Biography - a typescript compilation held to Friends House Library, London.
*Gay, Susan E. (1903) "Old Falmouth: the story of the town from the days of the Killigrews to the earliest part of the Nineteenth century", London, Headley Brothers.
*Gill, Crispin "Great Cornish families: a history of the people and their houses", Tiverton, Cornwall Books (1995). ISBN 1-871060-25-7 . The Foxes of Falmouth are described on pp.36-40.
* Milligan, Edward H. "The Biographical dictionary of British Quakers in commerce and industry, 1775-1920", Sessions of York (2007) ISBN 978-1-85702-367-7.:Members of the Fox family of Falmouth with articles in Milligan's "Dictionary . . "
*Alfred (1794-1874),
*Alfred Lloyd (1829-1885),
*Arthur Edward (1864-1940),
*Frederick (1798-1830),
*George Croker (1752-1807),
*George Croker (1785-1850),
*George Henry (1845-1931),
*Howard (1836-1922),
*Joshua (1792-1877),
*Nathaniel (1835-1910),
*Robert Were (1754-1818),
*Robert Were (1789-1877),
*Theodore (1831-1899),
*Thomas Were (1766-1844),

* Redwood, U.M. (1989) "A family of Quaker doctors" photocopied electric typewriter text. Copy at Cornwall Studies Library, Redruth.
*cite book| last = Tod | first = Robert | authorlink = Robert Tod | title = Caroline Fox, Quaker bluestocking: 1819-1871 | publisher = William Sessions Limited | date = 1978 | location = York | id = ISBN 0-9006575-4-5

* [ The Foxhound online database of people with surname "Fox"]
*ODNB articles used:
**Robert Were Fox the Elder (1754-1818)
**Robert Were Fox the Younger (1789-1877)
**Charles Fox (1797-1878)
**Caroline Fox (1819–1871)
**Charles Fox (1740?–1809) – probably unrelated to the other Foxes.
** Jane Crewdson (1808–1863)

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