Red Gorbatov (cattle)

Red Gorbatov (cattle)

Red Gorbatov cattle (Russian: Kpacнaя гopбaтoвcкaя, "Krasnaya gorbatovskaya") are a dairy cattle breed from Gorbatov, Russia.

Origins

The breed originated in Nizhegorod province in the 19th century from crossing Tyrolean cattle onto the local Priokski (Great Russian) cattle [ [ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/009/ah759e/ah759e05.pdf FAO study of Russian breeds p53] ] . A herdbook was established in 1921 [ [http://www.tiho-hannover.de/einricht/zucht/eaap/descript/144.htm EAAP Animal genetic data bank] ] .Blood type analysis shows a relationship to Danish Red and Angeln cattle.

Characteristics

Animals are solid red in various shades, sometimes with white on the udder. They have a pink muzzle and white horns with black tips. Cows average 122 cm tall at the withers and weigh 470 kg on average. Bulls average 133 cm in height and 830 kg weight [ [http://www.tiho-hannover.de/einricht/zucht/eaap/descript/144.htm EAAP Animal genetic data bank] ] . The breed is claimed to have good resistance to leucosis, tuberculosis and brucellosis.

Population and distribution

From the breed's formation in Nizhegorod province in the 19th century it spread to the floodplain of the Oka river in the Vladimir and Ivanov regions and the Chuvash ASSR [ [ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/009/ah759e/ah759e05.pdf FAO study of Russian breeds p53] ] . In 1980 there were estimated to be 74,000 breeding females. By 1990 this had fallen to 27,400 [ [http://www.tiho-hannover.de/einricht/zucht/eaap/descript/144.htm EAAP Animal genetic data bank] ] .

References


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  • Gorbatov — ( ru. Гoрбaтoв, masculine) or Gorbatova ( ru. Гoрбaтoвa, feminine) may refer to:;People *Alexander Gorbatov (1892 ndash;1973), Soviet general *Boris Gorbatov, Russian autor *Konstantin Gorbatov (1876 ndash;1945), Russian painter;Other *Gorbatov… …   Wikipedia

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