- Ribeira Sacra (DO)
Ribeira Sacra "Denominación de Origen" (DO) is located on the steep slopes of the valleys and canyons of the rivers
Miñoand Sil, in the south of the province of Lugoand in the north of the province of Ourense( _es. Orense; _gl. Ourense) (Galicia, Spain), and extends over the territories of 17 different municipalities that conform a zone and entity called "Ribeira Sacra", which could be translated as "Sacred Shore".
Three types of varietal wine are produced: red
Mencía, white Albariñoand white Godello.
It is generally believed that grape growing and wine production were introduced to the area by the
ancient Romans.It is said that the legendary spiced "Vinos de Amandi" were shipped to Romealong with the lampreys fished out of the river Miño, to be served at the table of the emperor.
It is long believed that Ribeira Sacra takes its name from 18 monasteries and hermitages that were founded in the early
Middle Agesbetween the 8th and 12th centuries and which are located in the inaccessible river valleys, thought several studies of the fundational document of Montederramo's Monastery, put that point in doubt, stuating the name's origin on a Latin form for "Sacred forest", which evoques the idea of a Celtic-rooted name. It was no doubt the monks who replanted the vineyards for their own consumption and maintained the grape growing and wine producing tradition until modern times.The most important monasteries are:
*San Pedro de Bembibre
*Taboada dos Freires
*San Paio de Diomondi
*Santo Estevo de Ribas de Miño
*Santa María de Pesqueiras
*San Pedro de Rocas
*Ferreira de Pantón
*San Paio de Abeleda
*Santa Cristina de Ribas de Sil
*San Estevo de Ribas de Sil
The area acquired official "Denominación de Origen" status in 1997.
The area is divided into five sub-zones, each with a different micro-climate, but in general all the soils are alluvial over a slate based subsoil.Moving from north to south, the sub-zones are: "Chantada" and "Amendi" (in the municipality of
Monforte de Lemos), "Ribeiras do Miño" (the largest sub-zone), "Ribeiras do Sil-Ourense", and lastly "Quiroga-Bibei".
The climate in Ribeira Sacra DO is more continental than Atlantic, and has long hot summers and cool autumns. However, rainfall is high (around 800 mm per year).
The sub-zones on the river Miño have more rain (900 mm) than the ones on the river Sil (700 mm). In general, the Miño area has a more Atlantic climate whereas the Sil area is more continental.
Winds can be very strong as they are funnelled by the shape of the valleys.
The authorised white varieties are:
Albariño, Godello, Treixadura, Loureira, Torrontésand Dona Branca, though the first three are the most predominant.
The authorised red varieties are:
Mencía, Brancellaoand Merenzao
The vineyards are planted on terraces (known as "bancadas") in the narrow valleys of the rivers and are characterised by the production of grapes with a very concentrated flavour. The terraces are usually very small and it impossible to mechanise the vineyard activities, such as pruning and harvesting. Access is often very difficult and sometimes only possible from the river.
* [http://www.ribeirasacra.org Ribera Sacra web]
* [http://photocollection.alonsorobisco.es/walking_galicia.htm Vintage pictures of the monasteries]
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