Lexus ES

Lexus ES

Infobox Automobile

name = Lexus ES
manufacturer = Lexus
parent_company = Toyota Motor Corporation
production = 1989-present
assembly = Kyūshū, Japan
class = Mid-size luxury car/ Large family car/ Executive car
body_style = 4-door sedan
layout = FF layout
The Lexus ES series is a family of mid-size luxury sedans produced by the Lexus division of Toyota since 1989. Now in its fifth generation, the series has been consistently built on the Toyota Camry platform with a V6 engine, automatic transmission, and front-wheel drive. For much of its existence, the Lexus ES has anchored the entry-level luxury car segment of the Lexus lineup in North America, a position it maintained until the introduction of the Lexus IS sport luxury sedans in 2001. For the past fifteen years, the Lexus ES has been the best-selling Lexus sedan in the United States.Dawson, Chester. "Lexus: The Relentless Pursuit." 2004: Jon Wiley & Sons, NJ.]

The first generation ES 250, built from 1989 to 1991, shared the body style of the contemporary Camry, while the Toyota Windom, a Japan-only model, shared the ES' body style from the 1992 second generation until 2006. Windom production ended when the ES went on to its fifth generation. The current fifth generation ES 350, featuring Lexus' own L-finesse body styling, was unveiled in the spring of 2006 as a 2007 model.Like the previous generation ES 330 model, the fifth generation Lexus ES is geared towards the comfort luxury segment, with an emphasis on interior amenities, quietness, and a smooth ride. [ [ New Car Test Drive - 2007 Lexus ES 350] ] __TOC__

First generation (1989 -1991)

Infobox Automobile generation

name = ES 250 (VZV21)
production = 1989 -1991
engine = 2.5 L "2VZ-FE" V6
transmission = 4-speed automatic
wheelbase = auto in|102|0
length = auto in|183.1|0
assembly = Tsutsumi, Japan
width = auto in|66.9|0
height = auto in|53.1|0
aka = Toyota Vista
fuel_capacity = Convert|15.9|usgal|L impgal|1
fuel_economy = City: 18, Hwy: 24
related = Toyota Camry
The first Lexus ES (codename VZV21) debuted in January 1989 at the North American International Auto Show in Detroit as part of the launch of the Lexus division. In order to avoid introducing the nameplate with only one model, the LS 400, Lexus debuted the ES alongside their flagship sedan. The smaller representative of the initial two-sedan Lexus lineup was designated the ES 250, and powered by the Camry's 2.5 L, Convert|156|hp|kW|0|abbr=on V6. The ES 250 was partly based on the Toyota Vista, a Japan-market sedan which was never sold in the United States, which in turn shared the body and chassis of the Toyota Camry. On the exterior, the ES 250 shared the same general body style and overall dimensions as its Toyota counterparts, but had a more prominent grille, chrome trim, frameless windows, and distinct wheel design similar to its LS brethren. Inside the cabin, the ES 250 featured a six-speaker Pioneer sound system, genuine wood trim, one-touch power windows, and leather seats. A four-speed automatic or five-speed manual transmission was offered. The Electronically Controlled Automatic Transmission (ECT) featured "normal" and "power" modes. Safety features included a driver's SRS airbag and anti-lock brakes.

In September 1989, the ES 250 and the flagship LS 400 went on sale in the United States. The ES 250 was marketed as the "luxury sedan of sports sedans," and carried a U.S. market suggested base price of approximately $22,000. During the first month of release, the ES 250 logged 1,216 units in sales. [ Lexus ES Chronology] ] However, these numbers were eclipsed by the larger LS sedan, which unlike the ES was built on a unique and all-new platform. Due to its similarities to the Camry, some viewed the ES 250 as a placeholder product of badge engineering and the vehicle ultimately did not sell as well as its more expensive counterpart. Total sales totaled 19,534 units in 1990 and 17,942 units in 1991, most for the automatic transmission model. The ES 250 was built from August 30, 1989 until July 5, 1991. Because of its relatively brief production run, the ES 250 is a rare model on U.S. roads today.

econd generation (1992-1996)

Infobox Automobile generation

name = ES 300 (VCV10)
production = 1992-1996
engine = 1992-1993
3.0L " 3VZ-FE" Convert|185|hp|kW|0|abbr=on V6
3.0L " 1MZ-FE" V6
transmission = E53 5-speed manual
A540/1E 4-speed automatic
wheelbase = auto in|103.1|0
length = auto in|187.8|0
assembly = Tsutsumi, Japan
aka = Toyota Windom
width = 1995-96: auto in|70.0|0
1992-94: auto in|70.1|0
height = auto in|53.9|0
fuel_capacity = Convert|18.5|usgal|L impgal|1
fuel_economy = City: 20, Hwy: 29
related = Toyota Camry
In September 1991, Lexus unveiled the second generation Lexus ES (VCV10), an all-new executive sedan for the Lexus lineup. Completely redesigned for the 1992 model year and now based on the VCV10-series Toyota Windom, the model was renamed the ES 300 to reflect the half-liter bump in engine displacement. The ES 300 sported a Convert|185|hp|kW|0|abbr=on 3.0 L V6 engine and had an advertised 0-60 time of 8.0 seconds. In Japan, a Convert|172|hp|kW|0|abbr=on, 2.5 L version using the same body style was made available in October 1993 (including the VCV-11 Windom). Compared to its Camry relatives, the ES 300 featured a different suspension setup (front and rear independent MacPherson strut) and Auto lb|200|0 more weight [ [ Consumer Guide - Lexus ES] ] due to asphalt insulation in the body panels, additional on-board equipment, and other differences. As with its predecessor, anti-lock brakes were standard.

The second generation ES was significantly larger and more curvaceous than its predecessor, gaining five inches (127 mm) in length and three inches (76 mm) of width. On the front fascia, the ES gained projector headlamps in a curved housing and a three-slat grille with the Lexus emblem moved above on the hood. The side profile featured an invisible B-pillar and frameless-window doors. The rear deck lid featured an integrated spoiler effect similar to the flagship LS 400, improving the ES' aerodynamics (drag coefficient, Cd 0.32). Inside the cabin, the second generation ES featured California Walnut trim on the center console, leather seats, an eight-speaker premium sound system, and keyless entry. The added wheelbase length and overall width made for increased legroom and shoulder space than the previous model.

, 1991, and the sedan went on sale later that year in the U.S. as a 1992 model. The sedan was not released in Europe, where similar Toyota models were offered. The second generation ES was a major sales success, becoming Lexus' best-selling vehicle overall. In its first full year of sales, the ES logged over 37,886 units, and throughout the following years of its production run, sales reached near or above that figure. Initial base price was $26,550 in the U.S. (increased to over $30,000 in later years).

Minor updates were introduced between years, including: a new passenger side airbag (1994), outside air temp readout (1994), CFC-free air conditioning (1994), engine upgrades for less weight and more power (the all-aluminum 1MZ-FE in 1994) and more efficiency and lower emissions (VVTi Variable Valve Timing - 1995), different signal and fog lights (1995); the five-speed manual transmission was discontinued after 1993. In 1996, Lexus offered an ES 300 "Coach Edition," featuring select Coach leather trim in the interior and a set of Coach luggage. Despite being its final year of sales, the 1996 ES 300 logged a 21 percent increase in sales over the previous year, with 40,735 units sold.

Third generation (1997-2001)

Infobox Automobile generation

name = ES 300 (MCV20)
production = 1997-2001
engine = 3.0 L "1MZ-FE" 200-210 hp V6
transmission = 4-speed automatic
assembly = Kyūshū, Japan
wheelbase = auto in|105.1|0
length = auto in|190.2|0
width = auto in|70.5|0
aka = Toyota Windom
height = auto in|54.9|0
fuel_capacity = Convert|18.5|usgal|L impgal|1
fuel_economy = City: 19, Hwy: 26
related = Toyota Camry
Lexus RX
Toyota Camry Solara
Toyota Highlander
Toyota Sienna
Toyota Avalon
The third generation ES (designated MCV20) premiered in September 1996, featuring a design that was an evolution of the VCV10. The new cars possessed a more rakish profile, sharper body lines, reflector headlights (as opposed to projector headlights), and a more upscale-feeling interior. Introduced at a gala event on Rodeo Drive in Beverly Hills hosted by actress Sharon Stone, the ES 300 featured one powertrain option, a Convert|200|hp|kW|-1|abbr=on 3.0 L V6 (a Convert|197|hp|kW|0|abbr=on, 2.5 L "2MZ-FE" V6 was also offered in the Japan-market Windom) and a 4-speed automatic. The third generation ES was also slightly longer (overall length increased by convert|2.4|in|mm|1|sing=on) but weighed less than the previous model. For the first time, an Adaptive Variable Suspension, capable of adjusting individual wheels according to road conditions (within 0.0025 seconds), was offered.

Inside the cabin, the ES 300 featured a new electroluminescent Lexus Optitron instrument panel, walnut trim, and leather seats. Other luxury standard features included heated outside mirrors and an automatic climate control system. A power moonroof, Nakamichi premium sound system with in-glove-box mounted CD-changer, and heated seats were options.

In 1998, the model received a few updates, mainly consisting of a revised supplemental restraint system (next generation), standard front row side-torso airbags, and force limiting seat belt pretensioners that were designed to tighten the front seat passengers into their seats upon impact. Transponder chips were now also used in the keys as to provide added protection from theft.

Edition" was offered.

The U.S. base price of the 1997 ES 300 was $30,395. The third generation Lexus ES expanded upon the success of the previous generation model, reaching a record-setting 58,494 units in sales in its first year, and recording sales in the 35,000-50,000 range throughout its production run. Rivals to the third generation ES 300 included the Acura TL, Audi A4, Cadillac Catera, Mazda Millenia, Infiniti I30, and Mercedes-Benz C-Class and Saab 9-5.

The Lexus IS was introduced to European markets in 1999 and became the luxury marque's entry-level model; by this time the Lexus ES was no longer sold in most European markets. Recent versions of the Lexus ES were sold in North America, Asia, and Australia.

Fourth generation (2002-2006)

Infobox Automobile generation

name = ES 300/ES 330 (MCV30)
production = 2002-2006
engine = 3.0 L "1MZ-FE" V6
3.3 L "3MZ-FE" V6
transmission = 5-speed automatic
wheelbase = 2720 mm (107.1 in)
assembly = Kyūshū, Japan
length = 4853 mm (191.1 in)
width = 1811 mm (71.3 in)
aka = Toyota Windom
height = 1455 mm (57.3 in)
fuel_capacity = Convert|18.5|usgal|L impgal|1
fuel_economy = City: 21, Hwy 29
related = Toyota Camry
Lexus RX
Toyota Camry Solara
Toyota Highlander
Toyota Sienna
Toyota Avalon
The larger, fourth generation ES (designated MCV30) debuted in 2002, one year after the Lexus IS became Lexus' entry-level car. The presence of the IS in the Lexus lineup enabled the company to give the new ES 300 a more upscale image and luxury feel by excising the sporting pretensions of the previous ES models. Compared to its predecessor, the new ES possessed an interior with a greater emphasis on comfort, superior NVH isolation, larger and softer seats, and improved interior materials. The cabin was fitted with California Walnut wood trim on the front dashboard, center console, and doors. Exterior puddle lamps, floor-well lighting, chrome door handles, and rear-view mirrors that would automatically tilt downward in reverse gear contributed to a more upscale feel. Available options, including a power rear sunshade, rain-sensing windshield wipers, a DVD-based navigation system, and a Mark Levinson premium stereo system, were similar to features on the flagship LS 430 sedan.

Despite the additional features and added weight, neither the acceleration nor the handling of the ES suffered. Other new features included a drive-by-wire electronic throttle, a five-speed automatic transmission, anti-lock brakes with electronic brake-force distribution and brake assist as well as stability and traction control. On the exterior, the ES gained a more rounded shape than its predecessor, with pulled-back headlamps and a single-tone color scheme with chrome trim. New design elements similar to the LS sedan included a rear quarter window and wrap-around taillamps with a diagonal edge. In Japan, the MCV30 Windom received a 2-star LEV rating. The fourth generation Lexus ES was built in Kyūshū and Tsutsumi, Japan. [ [ Lexus charging after entry luxury market] ]

For the 2004 model year, the American market received a new 3.3 L engine producing 225 hp (later revised to Convert|218|hp|kW|0|abbr=on, because of changes in SAE power testing procedures), and the car was renamed the ES 330. In the Middle Eastern and Asian markets, however, the 3.0 L engine was still available. Lexus released the limited ES 330 "SportDesign" special edition in 2004. The model featured the Adaptive Variable Suspension, 16-inch Y-spoke alloy wheels, Mark Levinson audio, interior upgrades, and special dark exterior colors.


The fourth generation ES 300/330 continued the solid success of the ES series for Lexus. Despite an increase in price befitting its more upscale amenities (2002 base price of $32,080), ES sales jumped to 69,607 in its first year, making the Lexus ES the best-selling luxury car in the United States. Throughout its production run, the fourth generation ES was Lexus' best-selling sedan, and outsold only in the Lexus model range by the RX luxury utility vehicle.

Fifth generation (2007-present)

Infobox Automobile generation

name = ES 350 (GSV40)
production = 2007-2011
engine = 3.5 L "2GR-FE" V6
transmission = 6-speed automatic
assembly = Kyūshū, Japan
wheelbase = 2776 mm (109.3 in)
length = 4853 mm (191.1 in)
width = 1821 mm (71.7 in)
height = 1450 mm (57.1 in)
fuel_capacity = Convert|18.5|usgal|L impgal|1
fuel_economy = City: 21, Hwy 30
related = Toyota Camry
Lexus RX
Toyota Camry Solara
Toyota Highlander
Toyota Sienna
The fifth generation ES (GSV40) debuted at the Chicago Auto Show in February 2006, featuring an all-new body in the style of Lexus' new design philosophy, L-finesse. The new design is sleeker than its predecessor, with a streamlined cabin and character lines across the hood, fenders, and rear pillars. The Lexus emblem returns to the grille for the first time since the first generation, and is now placed at the center of a five-bar horizontal grille. The vehicle also no longer shares its body style with Japanese market models, as the previously related Toyota Windom was discontinued for the 2007 model year. The new ES, now called the ES 350, features the first use of a six-speed automatic transmission in a front-wheel drive Toyota vehicle along with its sister U.S. car, the Toyota Camry. The engine is the 272 hp (203 kW) aluminum 3.5 L "2GR-FE" V6 engine with variable valve timing. Lexus estimates that this combination will accelerate to 60 mph (97 km/h) in less than 7 seconds, but actual tests have netted the ES 350 as being one of the fastest entry-level luxury sedans available now. 0-60 mph has been acquired in as little as 6.2 seconds by auto magazines, and the car shows a strong point of high-end power as it clears the quarter mile in 14.6 seconds while traveling at almost convert|100|mi/h|km/h|abbr=on. [ [ Motor Trend 2007 Lexus ES 350 Test & Review] ] Fuel economy is estimated at 21 mpg (11.2 L/100 km) in the city and 30 mpg (7.8 L/100 km) on the highway. Although at a higher, cruising velocity the ES 350 has been known to get better than 30 mpg. Some commentators have complained that so much power to the front wheels has produced uncomfortable torque steer in both the new ES and Camry.

The ES 350 arrived at U.S. dealerships in late April 2006 as a 2007 model. That year, the ES 350 was launched in North America, the Middle East, China (Excluding Hong Kong and Macau), South Korea and Taiwan . Despite being built at the Kyūshū plant in Fukuoka, Japan, [ [ Automotive Design & Production - Introducing The 2007 Lexus ES 350] ] the ES 350 was not sold in the Japanese market, as well as the other regions where're drive on left. The fifth generation ES continues the previous generation's direction of moving the ES more upscale in its design and features. Lexus touts the ES 350 as faster, more powerful, more aerodynamic (Cd 0.28), and more quiet than the original LS 400 flagship. [ [ On the Road - 2007 Lexus ES 350] ]

. For 2007 models, Lexus introduced a number of unique colors exclusive to the ES 350, including Aquamarine Pearl, Royal Ruby Metallic, Moon Shell Mica, and Amber Pearl. The 2007 base price in the U.S. is $33,470.


*"Consumer Reports" named the ES 350 the highest ranked upscale/large car in reliability in its 2006 annual car survey. [ [ Consumer Reports Reliability Survey] ]
*The Canadian Car of the Year Awards, selected by the Automobile Journalists Association of Canada, gave the ES 350 its Best New Luxury Car (under $50k) Award in 2007. [ [ Canadian Car of the Year category winners named by AJAC] ]
*J.D. Power and Associates named the ES 300 the best entry luxury car in Initial Quality in 1996, 1998, 2000, 2001, 2003 and 2006. [ [ J.D. Power and Associates 2000 Initial Quality Study] ] [ [ J.D. Power and Associates 2003 Initial Quality Study] ] [ [ J.D. Power and Associates 2006 Initial Quality Study] ]
*"Intellichoice" gave the ES 330 the Best Overall Value Award in the Near Luxury Segment in 2004, 2005, and 2007. [ [ 2005 Intellichoice Best Overall Value Awards] ] [ [ 2006 Lexus ES 330 - Intellichoice Overview] ] [ [ 2007 Intellichoice Best Overall Value Awards] ]
* Kelley Blue Book gave the ES its Best to Hold Value Award in 1998 and 2001. [ CARFAX - Lexus ES] ]
* J.D. Power named the ES as one of the Top Ten in Initial Quality in 1991, 1993, and 1994.
* The ES series was named most appealing entry luxury car by J.D. Power and Associates in 1997, 2001 and 2007.
*"Kiplinger's Personal Finance" report named the Lexus ES Best in Class for the over $30,000 segment in 1993, and the ES was a Top Pick in 2007. [ [ Kiplinger's Personal Finance Top Picks for 2007] ]
*"Automobile Magazine" named the Lexus ES one of its Top Ten All-Stars in 1992.


External links

* [ Lexus ES] official US site
* [ Lexus ES] official Canada site
* [ Lexus ES 350] official Korea site
* [ Lexus ES 350] official Taiwan site
* [] Kuwait launch site
* [ Lexus ES 350] official Saudi Arabia site
* [ 5th Gen Gallery] -
* - additional links

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