- Folkways Records
Folkways Records is a
record labelthat documents folk and world music. It is owned by the Smithsonian Institution.
The Folkways Records & Service Co. was founded by
Moses Aschand Marian Distlerin 1948 in New York City. Asch sought to record and document sound from the entire world. From 1948 until Asch's death in 1986, Folkways Records released 2,168 albums. The albums are very diverse in content including traditional and contemporary music from around the world; spoken word, poetry, and multi-lingual instructional recordings; and field recordings of communities, individuals, and natural sounds. It was also an early proponent of the singers and songwriters, such as Woody Guthrie, Pete Seeger, and Leadbelly, who formed the center of the American folk music revival.
The label became very influential on a generation of folk singers because of its release of a great number of old-time recordings by re-discovered performers from the 1920s and 1930s like
Dock Boggsand Clarence Ashley, as well as contemporary performers like the New Lost City Ramblers. The " Anthology of American Folk Music" originally appeared on the Folkways label. Folkways was also one of the earliest companies to release albums of world music, including the "Music of the World's Peoples" collection edited by Henry Cowell. They also released many spoken word albums, and other unusual repertoire. The albums always came with a pull-out leaflet containing extensive sleeve notes.
The Smithsonian Institution Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage in
Washington, D.C.acquired Asch's Folkways recordings and business files after his death in 1986. This acquisition was initiated by Ralph Rinzler, of the Smithsonian, before Asch's death and completed by the Asch Family to ensure the sounds and artists would be preserved for future generations. As a result, it was agreed to continue Asch's policy that all of the 2,168 titles would stay in print indefinitely regardless of market sales. The Smithsonian Global Soundwebsite uses the internet to make available the recordings.
Asch also donated a complete set of the Folkways recordings to the
University of Alberta; "FolkwaysAlive", a joint initiative between the University and the Smithsonian, is involved in digitization and archiving of the collection as well as maintaining a research center and sponsoring student research scholarships and an annual concert series.
Since acquiring Folkways, the Smithsonian has expanded Asch's collection by adding several other record labels, including Cook, Monitor, Fast Folk, Dyer-Bennet, and Paredon). They have also released over 300 new recordings.
The mission statement of Smithsonian Folkways states that their mission "is the legacy of
Moses Asch, who founded Folkways Records in 1948 to document 'people's music.'" They "are dedicated to supporting cultural diversityand increased understanding among peoples through the documentation, preservation, and dissemination of sound", and that "musical and cultural diversity contributes to the vitality and quality of life throughout the world." By making these recordings available, they intend "strengthen people's engagement with their own cultural heritageand to enhance their awareness and appreciation of the cultural heritage of others." [http://www.folklife.si.edu/center/recordings.html]
List of record labels
* [http://www.folkways.si.edu/index.html Official Smithsonian Folkways Recordings site]
* [http://www.smithsonianglobalsound.org Official Smithsonian Global Sounds site]
* [http://www.fwalive.ualberta.ca FolkwaysAlive site at the University of Alberta]
* [http://www.fwalive.ualberta.ca/mediawiki/index.php?title=Main_Page FolkwaysAlive wiki at the University of Alberta]
* [http://www.folkways.si.edu/learn_discover/folkways_collection.html "Smithsonian Folkways Recordings" Podcast] (a joint venture with the
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.