Signal-to-interference ratio

Signal-to-interference ratio

The signal-to-interference ratio (S/I or SIR), also known as the carrier-to-interference ratio ("C/I", CIR), is the quotient between the average received modulated carrier power "S" or "C" and the average received co-channel interference power "I", i.e. cross-talk, from other transmitters than the useful signal.

The CIR resembles the carrier-to-noise ratio (CNR or "C"/"N"), which is the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR or "S"/"N") of a modulated signal before demodulation. A distinction is that interfering radio transmitters contributing to "I" may be controlled by radio resource management, while "N" involves noise power from other sources, typically additive white gaussian noise (AWGN).

The CIR ratio is studied in interference limited systems, i.e. where "I" dominates over "N", typically in cellular radio systems and broadcasting systems where frequency channels are reused in view to achieve high level of area coverage. The "C/N" is studied in noise limited systems. If both situations can occur, the carrier-to-noise-and-interference ratio, "C/(N+I)" or CNIR may be studied.

See also

* Crosstalk (electronics)
* Co-channel interference (CCI)
* signal-to-noise ratio (SNR or "S"/"N")
* carrier-to-noise ratio (CNR or "C"/"N")
* SINAD (ratio of signal-plus-noise-plus-distortion to noise-plus-distortion)
* Carrier-to-receiver noise density "C/"N"0


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