Anemone narcissiflora

Anemone narcissiflora

Taxobox
name = "Anemone narcissiflora"
status =



image_caption = "Anemone narcissiflora"
regnum = Plantae
divisio = Magnoliophyta
classis = Magnoliopsida
ordo = Ranunculales
familia = Ranunculaceae
genus = "Anemone"
species = "A. narcissiflora"
binomial = "Anemone narcissiflora"
binomial_authority = L.

"Anemone narcissiflora" (Narcissus-flowered anemone) is a herbaceous plant species in the genus "Anemone" and family Ranunculaceae. Plants grow 7 to 60 cm tall, from a caudice (woody-like perennial base), flowering spring to mid summer but often found flowering till late summer. Plants with 3-10 basal leaves that are ternate (arranged with three leaflets), rounded to rounded triangular in shape with 40 to 200 mm long petioles. The flowers are produced in inflorescences with 2 to 8 flowers, in umbels, but often also produced singularly. The inflorescence have 3 leaf-like bracts similar in appearance to the basal leaves but simple and greatly reduced in size, pinnatifid in shape. Flowers lack petals, the sepals number 5-9 per flower and are white, white tinted blue or yellow in color. The flowers have 40 to 80 stamens but can have up to 100. After flowering, fruits are produced in rounded heads with 5-14 cm long pedicels. When the fruits, called achenes, are ripe they are ellipsoid to ovate in outline, flat in shape and 5 to 9 mm long and 4-6 mm wide. The achenes are winged with no hairs and have 0.8-1.5 mm long beaks that are curved or recurved.

"Anemone narcissiflora" is native to north western North America and Eurasia where it can be found growing in high mountain alpine grasslands, in thickets, grassy meadows with moist soils, tundra, open woods, along roadsides and in pastures. This species is very variable and at least 12 varieties are generally recognized with even more proposed by other authorities. The name of the species has been in dispute and some have listed it as "Anemone narcissifolia" but "Anemone narcissiflora" was proposed for conservation. [cite book
last =
first = Flora of North America Editorial Committee
title = Flora of North America Vol 3, Magnoliophyta:Magnoliidae and Hamamelidae
publisher = Oxford University Press
date = 1997
pages = pp 139-158
isbn = 019511246-6
]

These three varieties are native growing from North America:
*"Anemone narcissiflora" L. var. "villosissima" DC. - Alaska
*"Anemone narcissiflora" L. var. "monantha" DC. - Alaska and Eastern Yukon and Northern North Western Territorys in Canada
*"Anemone narcissiflora" L. var. "zephyra" (A. Nels.) Dutton & Keener - Colorado and WyomingThe others are from Eurasia.

References


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  • Anemone narcissiflora — Anémone à feuilles de narcisse …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Anemone narcissiflora — Narzissen Windröschen Narzissen Windröschen (Anemone narcissiflora) Systematik Ordnung: Hahnenfußartige (Ranunculales …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Anemone narcissiflora — ID 3974 Symbol Key ANNA Common Name narcissus anemone Family Ranunculaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Native to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution AK, CO, WY Growth Habit Forb/herb Durat …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Anemone narcissiflora L. — Symbol ANNA Common Name narcissus anemone Botanical Family Ranunculaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Anemone narcissiflora var. monantha — ID 3975 Symbol Key ANNAM2 Common Name narcissus anemone Family Ranunculaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Native to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution AK Growth Habit Forb/herb Duration …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Anemone narcissiflora var. villosissima — ID 3982 Symbol Key ANNAV3 Common Name narcissus anemone Family Ranunculaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Native to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution AK Growth Habit Forb/herb Duration …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Anemone narcissiflora var. zephyra — ID 3985 Symbol Key ANNAZ2 Common Name narcissus anemone Family Ranunculaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Native to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution CO, WY Growth Habit Forb/herb Duratio …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Anemone narcissiflora L. var. monantha DC. — Symbol ANNAM2 Common Name narcissus anemone Botanical Family Ranunculaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Anemone narcissiflora L. var. villosissima DC. — Symbol ANNAV3 Common Name narcissus anemone Botanical Family Ranunculaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Anemone narcissiflora L. var. zephyra (A. Nelson) Dutton & Keener — Symbol ANNAZ2 Common Name narcissus anemone Botanical Family Ranunculaceae …   Scientific plant list

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