Back to Sleep

Back to Sleep

"Back to Sleep" is an initiative backed by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) at the National Institutes of Health to encourage parents to have their infants sleep on their backs (supine position) to reduce the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, or SIDS. Since "Back to Sleep" was launched in 1994, the incidence of SIDS has declined by more than 50%. [ [http://www.nichd.nih.gov/sids/ NICHD Back to Sleep Campaign ] ]

History

In 1992, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued the recommendation that babies sleep on their backs or sides to reduce the risk of SIDS (a statement that was later revised in 1996 to say that only the back was safest). NICHD launched the "Back to Sleep" campaign in 1994 to spread the message.

The campaign was successful in that it significantly reduced the percentage of babies sleeping on their stomachs (prone position). It was found, however, that a significant portion of African-American babies were still sleeping on their stomachs; in 1999, an African-American baby was 2.2 times more likely to die of SIDS than a white baby. Thus, then Secretary of Health and Human Services Donna Shalala and Tipper Gore refocused the "Back to Sleep" campaign on minority babies. [ [http://www.hhs.gov/news/press/1999pres/991026.html 1999.10.26:"Back to Sleep" Campaign Seeks to Reduce Incidence of SIDS in African American Populations ] ] .

References

ee also

*Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
*National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
*National Institutes of Health
*United States Department of Health and Human Services

External links

* [http://www.nichd.nih.gov/publications/pubs/safe_sleep_gen.cfm Safe Sleep For Your Baby]
* [http://www.nichd.nih.gov/publications/pubs/upload/safe_sleep_aa.pdf SIDS African American Outreach Brochure]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • sleep - asleep — ◊ sleep Sleep is used as a noun or a verb. The past tense and past participle of the verb is slept, not sleeped . Sleep is the natural state of rest in which you are unconscious with your eyes closed. I need a lot of sleep. I haven t been getting …   Useful english dictionary

  • sleep — {{Roman}}I.{{/Roman}} noun 1 condition of rest ADJECTIVE ▪ deep ▪ light ▪ much needed ▪ I m off to bed for some much needed sleep. ▪ adequate …   Collocations dictionary

  • sleep — sleep1 W2S1 [sli:p] v past tense and past participle slept [slept] 1.) to rest your mind and body, usually at night when you are lying in bed with your eyes closed →↑asleep, oversleep ↑oversleep ▪ I usually sleep on my back. ▪ Did you sleep well… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • sleep — sleep1 [ slip ] (past tense and past participle slept [ slept ] ) verb *** 1. ) intransitive to go into a natural state in which you are unconscious for a time and your body rests, especially for several hours at night: The baby usually sleeps in …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • sleep */*/*/ — I UK [sliːp] / US [slɪp] verb Word forms sleep : present tense I/you/we/they sleep he/she/it sleeps present participle sleeping past tense slept UK [slept] / US past participle slept 1) [intransitive] to go into a natural state in which you are… …   English dictionary

  • back — back1 W1S1 [bæk] adv ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 1¦(return to place)¦ 2¦(as before)¦ 3¦(previous place)¦ 4¦(backwards)¦ 5¦(reply/reaction)¦ 6¦(return something to somebody)¦ 7¦(in the past)¦ 8¦(again)¦ 9 sit/lie/lean back 10¦(away)¦ …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • back — 1 adverb 1 RETURN in or into the place or position where someone or something was before: Freddie was supposed to be back at the hotel by six. | Put that book back where you found it! | We d better go back, she said regretfully. 2 AS BEFORE in or …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

  • back */*/*/ — I UK [bæk] / US adverb 1) a) in the direction that is behind you Don t look back, but there s a man following us. He asked us to move back a few yards. b) in a position where your back is leaning backwards lean/sit/lie back: She leant back in her …   English dictionary

  • back — back1 [ bæk ] adverb *** ▸ 1 returning to place/state ▸ 2 as reply or reaction ▸ 3 away from the front ▸ 4 away from someone/something ▸ 5 toward beginning of something ▸ 6 in/into the past ▸ 7 in a different place ▸ + PHRASES 1. ) returning to a …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • back*/*/*/ — [bæk] adv I 1) returning to a place or position Put those CDs back where you found them.[/ex] Can we go back to what we were talking about earlier?[/ex] 2) returning to an earlier state or condition We re hoping things will be back to normal… …   Dictionary for writing and speaking English

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”