Gzhel ( _ru. Гжель) is:
# a village in Moscow Oblast, Russia
# a particular style of blue-white ceramics, originating in the town of the same name. Production of the ceramics started in 1802.

Gzhel was not a single village, but rather originally referred to about thirty villages located southeast of Moscow that produced pottery and exported throughout Russia. The name was first mentioned in connection with pottery in the14th century. Gzhel pottery was originally created by potters in their homes, however fairly early on they were organized into workshops to increase their production. The workshops eventually became a factory with pieces being formed in moulds and potters being responsible for separate pieces, a specific style or decoration. The earliest pieces were created of earthenware. The pottery was painted solid white with distinctive blue designs. Pottery was also produced using a tin based white glaze and coloured glaze designs in blue, green, yellow and brown, rather than just blue on a white background, in a style that is referred to as majolica. The body colour of earthenware varies depending on raw materials used, and can range from white to brown. It is generally fired at lower temperatures than either stoneware or porcelain and can remain semi-porous to water until glazed.

In the 1830s the Gzhel potters developed a faience, or white earthenware, of an equal quality to the creamware being produced in England at the time. They followed the development of faience with the acquisition of porcelain. Porcelain is fired to a similar temperature as stoneware, but unlike stoneware it becomes a translucent white and as such is highly desirable. The making of porcelain had been a secret heavily guarded by China with only finished products being exported. When Russia was able to produce their own porcelain, it undercut the high cost of imports from China or Western European producers. Although there have been several periods of disruption in the pottery production at Gzhel, quality pottery is once again being produced in the recognizable blue on white design as well as reintroducing the more colorful majolica ware.

ee also

*Gzhelian Age


*Dulkina, T.I. and N.S. Grigorevna, Gzhel : keramika 18-19 vekov, Moskva : Izd-vo "Planeta", 1982.
*Ovsyannikov, I. Russian Folk Arts and Crafts, Progress Publishers, Moscow, 1969.
*Saltykov, Aleksandr Borisovich, Russkaia narodnaia keramika, Moskva, Sovetskii khudozhnik, 1960.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gzhel — Para otros usos de este término, véase Gzhel (desambiguación). Botellas hechas en Gzhel con forma de naves espaciales. Gzhel es un tipo de cerámica que recibe su nombre de la ciudad de Gzhel, y que se produce en ella y sus alrededores desde 1802 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gzhel' — Original name in latin Gzhel’ Name in other language Gzhel , Gzhel’, Gzjel, Гжель State code RU Continent/City Europe/Moscow longitude 55.61008 latitude 38.39399 altitude 133 Population 7000 Date 2012 01 17 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Gzhel (desambiguación) — El término Gzhel puede referirse a: La cerámica Gzhel. La ciudad de Gzhel (Rusia), donde se produce dicha cerámica. La estación de Gzhel, uan estación de tren localizada en el distrito de Ramensky, Moscow Oblast (Rusia). Esta página de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Myasishchev M-101T Gzhel — The Myasishchev M 101T Gzhel is a Russian business class aircraft, designed by Myasishchev and built by Sokol.The aircraft was first flown on the 31 March 1995.Operators;flag|Russia *DexterdnpecificationsGeneral characteristics* Crew: * Capacity …   Wikipedia

  • Moscow Oblast — Московская область (Russian)   Oblast   …   Wikipedia

  • Russia — This article is about the current country. For other uses, see Russia (disambiguation). Russian Federation Российская Федерация Rossiyskaya Federatsiya …   Wikipedia

  • Porcelain — Fine China redirects here. For the band, see Fine China (band). This article is about the ceramic material. For other uses, see Porcelain (disambiguation). Chinese moon flask, 1723 35, Qing Dynasty …   Wikipedia

  • Russian culture — Saint Basil s Cathedral on the Red Square, Moscow …   Wikipedia

  • Orenburg shawl — The Orenburg Shawl is one of the classic symbols of Russian handicraft, along with along with Tula Samovar, Matrioshka, Khohloma painting, Gzhel, Palekh, Vologda lace, Dymkovo toys, Rostov finift (enamel), and Ural malachite. This type of finely… …   Wikipedia

  • Delftware — in Pushkin Art Museum, Russia …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”