, ICD9|438.2
MedlinePlus =
eMedicineSubj =
eMedicineTopic =
MeshID = D006429

Hemiplegia is a condition in which one-half of a patient's body is paralyzed. Hemiplegia is more severe than hemiparesis, wherein one half of the body is "weakened" but not paralysed. [ [http://sprojects.mmi.mcgill.ca/gait/hemiplegic/intro.asp Hemiplegia/Hemiparesis ] ]


Hemiplegia can be congenital or acquired, as from illness or stroke.

It is usually the result of a stroke, although disease processes affecting the spinal cord and other diseases affecting the hemispheres are equally capable of producing this clinical state. Hemiplegia can be a more serious consequence of stroke than spasticity. [Patten C, Lexell J, Brown HE. "Weakness and strength training in persons with poststroke hemiplegia: Rationale, method, and efficacy". J Rehab Res Dev 2004;41:293-312. [http://www.vard.org/jour/04/41/3A/Patten.html Fulltext] . PMID 15543447.]

Cerebral palsy can also affect one hemisphere, resulting in limited function. This does not cause paralysis but instead causes spasms. Cerebral palsy where this is the only symptom is often referred just as hemiplegia.

Other causes include Type 2 diabetes mellitus, which can lead to transient hemiplegia, a type of spinal injury called Brown-Sequard syndrome, medial medullary syndrome, and injections of local anaesthetic accidentally given intra-arterially instead of into a nerve branch. Lesions of the posterior limb of the internal capsule can also lead to hemiplegia.

Hemiplegic migraine

Hemiplegic migraine is a form of migraine during which the person will experience the feeling of numbness on one side of their body. This feeling will usually pass within 2-12 hours. Oliver Sacks writes on this subject in his book 'Migraine'.

ee also

* Alternating hemiplegia
* Laryngeal paralysis


External links

* [http://www.chasa.org CHASA] Children's Hemiplegia and Stroke Association non-profit organization
* [http://www.hemihelp.org.uk HemiHelp] , a UK based childhood hemiplegia (cerebral palsy) charity
* [http://www.ahckids.nl AHC Kids] Dutch website about Alternating Hemiplegia of Childhood
* [http://www.apparelyzed.com Spinal Cord Injury Peer Support]
* [http://www.wrongdiagnosis.com/sym/hemiplegia.htm Wrong Diagnosis.com] General Hemiplegia Info, Tools & Discussion Boards

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • hemiplegia — [hem΄iplē′jē ə, hem΄i plē′jə] n. [ModL < MGr hēmiplēgia, paralysis: see HEMI & PLEGIA] paralysis of one side of the body hemiplegic [hem΄i plējik] adj., n …   English World dictionary

  • Hemiplegia — Hem i*ple gi*a, n.[NL., fr. Gr. ?; ? half + ? a stroke; cf. F. h[ e]miplagie.] (Med.) A palsy that affects one side only of the body. {Hem i pleg ic}, a. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • hemiplegia — s. f. [Medicina] Paralisia de um dos lados do corpo.   ‣ Etimologia: hemi + plegia …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • hemiplegia — hemiplegic /hem i plee jik, plej ik/, adj., n. /hem i plee jee euh, jeuh/, n. Pathol. paralysis of one side of the body. [1590 1600; < NL < MGk hemiplegía. See HEMI , PLEGIA] * * * ▪ pathology        paralysis of the muscles of the lower face,… …   Universalium

  • hemiplegia — noun Etymology: New Latin, from Middle Greek hēmiplēgia paralysis, from Greek hēmi + plēgia plegia Date: 1600 total or partial paralysis of one side of the body that results from disease of or injury to the motor centers of the brain • hemiplegic …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • hemiplegia — noun Total or partial inability to move one side of the body. I call the series Dubliners to betray the soul of that hemiplegia or paralysis which many consider a city. James Joyce, August 1904 …   Wiktionary

  • hemiplegia — hem•i•ple•gi•a [[t]ˌhɛm ɪˈpli dʒi ə, dʒə[/t]] n. pat paralysis of one side of the body • Etymology: 1590–1600; < NL < MGk hēmiplēgía. See hemi , plegia hem i•ple′gic, adj. n …   From formal English to slang

  • hemiplegia — n. Med. paralysis of one side of the body. Derivatives: hemiplegic n. & adj. Etymology: mod.L f. Gk hemiplegia paralysis (as HEMI , plege stroke) …   Useful english dictionary

  • hemiplegia alternans hypoglossica — hemiplegia due to lesion of the hypoglossal nerve on the side opposite the paralyzed part …   Medical dictionary

  • Hemiplegia laryngis — Das Kehlkopfpfeifen (halbseitige Kehlkopflähmung, lat. Hemiplegia laryngis) ist eine Pferdekrankheit mit einer chronischen Atemstörung. Das Kehlkopfpfeifen war bis 1. Januar 2002 ein sogenannter Gewährsmangel. Es entspricht der Kadaverstellung in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”