- Corbetta, Italy
official_name = Comune di Corbetta
img_coa = Corbetta-Stemma.png
region = RegioneIT|sigla=LOM
province = ProvinciaIT|sigla=MI (MI)
mayor = Ugo Parini
elevation_m = 140
area_total_km2 = 18
population_as_of = 31-12-04
population_total = 15520
population_density_km2 = 760
coordinates = coord|45|28|0|N|8|55|0|E|region:IT_type:city(15520)
gentilic = UCFIRST:corbettesi
telephone = 02
postalcode = 20011
frazioni = Battuello, Castellazzo de' Stampi, Cerello, Soriano; locality: Pobbia, Isola Bellaria, Preloreto
mapx = #expr:45 + 28 / 60.0
mapy = #expr:8 + 55 / 60.0
native_name = Corbetta
name = Corbetta
website = http://www.comune.corbetta.mi.it
quote|Being peoples living in Corbetta is one of the worst illness, the most beautiful and inexorable. That has also the tremendous, pleasant possibility to not give convalescences. [Luciano Prada, Città di Corbetta, 1989.]
quote| [...] When in the countryside of Corbetta happen something wrong (for exemple a hail) the farmers say "l'è per i peccaa di sciori" (trans. "is for noble's sins"). [Carlo Dossi, Note Azzurre n.5672.]
quote|Curbéta, Curbéta l'è bela, l'è bela da tuti i cantoni, arance e limoni, arance e limoni (trans. Corbetta, Corbetta is a beautiful place, is beatiful everywhere, orange and lemons, orange and lemons). [Text from a popular song of Livio Aina in his book "Ndém dònn".]
Corbetta is a "
comune" (municipality) in the Province of Milanin the Italian region Lombardy.
The city of Corbetta is carachteryzed by a plan landscape tipical of the
Pianura padana, with forests and cultivations, that occupy circa 3/4 of the municipal territory, very compact in his shape that is like a square. The orografic aspect of the place is not very rilevant, because in his lower point the altitude reach 127 meters and in tge higher point is 147.
Idrografically is remarkable the presence of little rivers in big quantity that create a typical caracteristic of Corbetta; these rivers are now in the
Parco Agricolo Sud Milano.
Corbetta is also member, because her closeness with the
Naviglio Grande, of "Polo dei Navigli" institued by the Province of Milan.
Corbetta has the caracteristic climax of north's italian plains with cold winters and warms summers; rains are most noticed in autum and spring. The municipality is a member of
Famous was the snowfall in 1956.
Corbetta's teritory borders at west and south-west respectively with
Magentaand Robecco sul Naviglio, at south with Cassinetta di Lugagnanoand Albairate, at south-east with Cisliano, and east–north-east with Vittuoneand at north with Santo Stefano Ticinoand Arluno.
Inside her boards we can fin different localities and four
frazioni: Soriano, Castellazzo de' Stampi, Cerello and Battuello (united in a unique frazione called formally Cerello-Battuello). Milan, the principal city, is circa 20 km far away from Corbetta, but for importance and disponibility of services the most important centre can be considered the boarding Magenta.
Pre-roman and roman times
Is quite certain, looking to glass crockery found in the old castle's well, that the first house in Corbetta were built in VII-VI cent. b.C., when a small community of celto-liguri tribes. In IV cent. b.C. here arrived gaul-celtic tribes (called "Insubers") and, probably after the battles of
Talamone(225 b.C.) and Casteggio(222 b.C.). In the II cent. b.C., a roman colony was enstablished with the evident target to defend Milanand the territories at east of Ticinoriver for racy and incurions of gauls burgunds. Talking of it, we have to mention the same configuration of city walls that surrounded the local castle for 1/3. Archeological rests are visibles near the local church and these are a roman altar dedicated to Juppiter, and at Manior at Sacred Matrons, (divinities protectors of family) and were found also some coins with the head of Julius Cesar, Claudiusand Trajan. The closeness with Milan, becomed subsequently imperial see, had certain favoured the development of "Curia Picta" (roman name for Corbetta), a place where probabily there was also a tribunal ("curia" = tribunal).
The medieval time
As a result of
the landslide of the Roman Empireand the siege of Milanfrom Uraia, grandson of Vitige, head of the Goths, in the 539 a.C., the city was polulated mainly, receiving the exuls coming from the chief town. It is of this period the spread in the north Italyof the Christianity that it catches up also Corbetta, and this is demonstrated from the discovering in 1971 of a palochristian Basilica under the pavement of the church of Saint Vittore. In the 569 a.C the arrival of the Longobards was marked from a better legislation and the appearance of the first testimonies that express cite the presence of the village. During tge IX century the village and the castle of Corbetta passed under the lordship of the Archbishop of Milan. In 1037 they begin the hostilities between the Archbishop Ariberto d'Intimianoand the Emperor Conrad II "the Salic" that, seeing useless the siege of Milanfor the multitude of the defenders, 28 Mayheads towards Corbetta and here occupied the castle with own trups. It is also reported a legend about Conrad in Corbetta: he was sleeping in the local castle when appeared to him Sain Ambrosius, patron of Milan, that ordered him to leave the Lombardy. Historically this legend is reported by Wippone, in latin, that writes: "Eodem tempore dum imperator quoddam castrum S. Ambrosii quod Curbitum dicitur iuxta Mediolanum obsiderat accidit ibi quod plures pro Miraculo habuerunt. In dominica sancta Pentecostes ante horam tertiam de magna serenitate coeli subito fulmina cum tonitruis eruperunt tantae fortitudinis ut multa pars hominum et equorum periret in castris. Quidam prae tanto terrore in excessum mentis venerunt ita ut post aliquos menses rex illis sensus redierit. Venientes autem qui extra castra fuerant nec vidisse, nec audivisse aliquid tale dicebant".
Landolfo Senioretalks about this legend "Die vero Pentecostes dum imperator in parva ecclesia secus urbem coronaretur ad missam tam gravia fuerunt tonitrua et fulguris ut aliqui mente excederent aliqui exhalarent. Bruno vero episcopus cui missam canebat et secretarius imperatoris cum aliis tribus dixerunt se inter missarum solemnia vidisse sanctum Ambrosium imperatori indignando comminantem." (both the epigraphy are bulwarks in the porticato side north of the Castle). Corbetta remained in the faithful time to from Milan ones against the emperors and in the 1100 the village assumed a new importance like main place of the Burgaria, one of the four peasantries in what the territory of Milan was divided, which respective say uniform in two parts with chief town Rosateand Corbetta.
A century after the visit of Conrad, in the 1154, an other emperor appears to Corbetta: he is Frederick I "il Barbarossa" that, in fight with the Lombardic municipalities united, it puts to iron and fire the village. Rising similar also touched to
Rosate, to Abbiategrasso, Magentaand great part of the Milanese region. In a document of the 1162 - the famous "actum in loco Corbetta, Frederico imperatore regnante" - with which said Passavino (called "Burro"), ancestor of the Borri family, professed to live in law, Curia Picta comes for the first time officially indicated with the name of Corbetta, even if in it brands of the same year, with which Pope Alexander IIIconfirmation to the archbishop Umberto da Pirovanoand to its church all rights and possessions, does not make mention of the place and the castle, than he supposes himself already had been lost in favour of the Empire. Is no notice that in the centuries Corbetta is called Curbitum from the historian (as said Wippone in his "Gesta Chuonradi II imperatoris", Capitulum XXXVI - De miraculo, quod accidit in die pentecostes) and Corio-Picta from others like Landolfo Seniore, or or Curia Pincta Sancti Ambrosii or also Castrum Sancti Ambrosii. Other hypothesis were formulated in our times, inclining to explain the name of the city with the two terms gaul-celtic of "cur" (ring) and "betda" (forest): a fortification encircled from a ditch. The polpulation of corbetta fought in the rows of from Milan army in 1239 against Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperorthat, defeated to Rosate, the Po flows newly with its trups on Corbetta, exceeding then and catching up later on the Tuscany.
Following the risen ones of
Milan, Corbetta in 1270 passed under the Visconti's domination, that it was a return nearly to the archiepiscopal lordship, because Ottone Visconti(elect archbishop in 1262), with the famous Battle of Desioin 1277, effectively became lord of Milan, although the prerogatives were maintained communal. Scarsio (or Scarsino or Squarcino) of Lanfranco from Borrifamily, general captain of noble exules from Milan, for the honours rendered to Ottone and Matteo Visconti(supporting in fact the Visconti against the Torriani), obtains in 1275 to reward of many lordships in the village of Corbetta, thus that the Borri, original of Santo Stefano Ticino, becomes some the main owners. In the July 1289 where in Corbetta the representatives of Milanese Republic and the Marquis Guglielmo of Monferratoto the aim to conclude an alliance in anti-viscontea function. In 1292, resumed the power to Milan, Matteo Visconti, died Guglielmo di Monferrato and finding the fifteen year old son to the court of Charles II of Naples, making itself to precede from the Podestà of Milan to Bernate Ticino, collected to Corbetta the large part of army in order then to head to Novarato the aim to conquer it.
With the success of the enterprise of the son of the
Visconti, Galeazzo, he was constituted from the father podestà or vicario to Novara. Here in 1299 was plotted a conspiracy of the supporters of the Monferrato who were intentioned to conquer the city: Galeazzo Visconti has hest the time to escape and to shelter itself near the castle of Corbetta. It is necessary to remember that on ending of the XIII century Simone da Corbetta was a famous painter, delicate exponent of the Lombardic school: some of his frescoes from the church and chiostro of Saint Maria dei Serviti in Milan are now conserved in the Pinacoteca di Brera. In 4 January 1363 Magentaand Corbetta were conquered from a company of English payed by the Marquis of the Monferrato but to the aim to only complete of the racies: for this reason, Gian Galeazzo Visconti, Eral of Virtù, was sent from the father Galeazzo II in 1376 against the army of the Monferrato in an ill-fated campaign that forces the Visconti to withdraw itself as own grandfather to Corbetta where supports a fierce siege. Gian Galeazzo, become first Duke of Milanin 1385 removing Corbetta from the jurisdiction of the Burgaria, placing it under the Podestà of Milan's one together to Cisliano, Sedriano, Bareggio, San Vito, Bestazzo and San Pietro di Bestazzo. The big political building constructed from Gian Galeazzo threatened to collapse instead under the terrible government of his son Giovanni Maria who at the end was killed from his opposites on the threshold of the church of San Gottardo in Milan, the 16 May 1412; it had hired in 1407 some Spanish adventurers for the defense of Ticinoriver he had allocated and them in the castle of Corbetta. In the XIV century of 4 peasantries they had been formed some two single to name bound together: Seprio-Burgaria and Martesana-Barzana, becoming then (under the government of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor) simply Seprio and Martesana.
With the climb to the power of
Francesco I Sforza, Corbetta changed the lordship and was faithful also to the new princes. Foreign politics of Ludovico "the Moor" were not happy how much that inner one: in 1499 the french troups of Louis XII invaded the milanese territory and the Corbetta's one, finding weak resistence in the hired Swiss mercenaries payed from "the Moor" for the defense of the duky of Milan. For this the Sforzawas sheltered at first in Germanyfrom where, a year after in the february 1500, with the aid of the imperial ones, succeeded to resume the government of the duky one being held it but for single two months: when the French defeated the troups from Milan to Novarasent him prisoner in Francewhere he died. Louis XII returned landlord of Milanbut for short time. In 1513 the commander of Swiss troups, Matteo Schiner, bishop of Sion and cardinal, hired from Massimiliano Sforza, first son of Ludovico Sforza, reconquered the duky one he yielded it to the Sforza family. Two years after, Francis I of Franceresumed Milan, passing the government from Charles of Bourbonto Odetto of Foix, Earl of Lautrec. For the last time Milanwas given back for merit of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperorand of Pope Lion Xto one other son of "the Moor", Francesco II, that dead in 19 November 1535. At this day the territories of the milanese duky passed definitively under the imperial dominion.
The spanish dominion
Charles V, Holy Roma Emperorannexet Milan to the Spanish dominions inaugurating one of the more ominous periods for the city of Milan. Although the Spanish were bad governors and very bad administrators, to check the deleterious infuence of new the dominators gave to the greater impulse two great archbishops, Carlo and Federico Borromeo. In the 17 april 1555laughed them the famous event of the first miracle (cfr. The Archiepiscopal Sanctuary of the Vergine Blessed soul of the Miracles). In 22 November 1577 Carlo Borromeo, in occasion of a its visit, consecrated solemn greater the new bells of the church and trained the cresimain front of the church. Four years after, in 1581, on the 17 june, is remembered an other visit of the cardinal. In 1582 the population of Corbetta revolted herself to the dominion of the Spanish, attacking them in their quarters and plundering also the church that was consacrated after the disasters, on 29 Julyof the same year. In 1631 the German military services, of return from the siege of Mantua, vented own greed with the pillage of the country and in 1650 the castle, already partially ruined from the supported onslaughts, came nearly entire dismantled and the little remainders used built some palaces in the nearplace. To this period laughed them the construction of some historical buildings in Garibaldi's Lane, defined "Quartieri Spagnoli" o "degli Umiliati" as they turned out of property of the company of the Humiliated friars of Brera.
From the Austrian period to the conquest of Napoleon
The first period of the Austrian domination under
Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor(1711) and Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperorwas not much happier of the precedence and not even more Pacific. For the expansionistic sights of Philipp V of Spainand his allied Charles Emanuel III of Savoy, the duky of Milancame occupied newly from the Spanish but, with the peace of Vienna(1736), the state of Milanreturned to Austriaof Maria Theresia. In this period, Corbetta is embellished of its great baroques villas and finds again the lost splendour. But in 15 May 1796, General Napoleon Bonaparteentered in Milan, winning the Austrians, succeeding itself to the government of the I^ and the II^ Cisalpina Republic, the Italian Republic and at last of the Reign of Italyin which Milanhas a new period of political and civil prominence. To Corbetta it comes suppressed the Chapter of the church and it comes erected the parochial church.
Battle of Magentato Italian Unity
3 june 1859, to the eve of the battle of Magenta, the Massari Villa to Corbetta come one of the headquarters of the Austrian Feldmareshall Ferencz Gyulaj, rear then to Abbiategrassoon 5 juneafter that the French soldiers (46,883 men) with a small group of Piedmontese bersaglieres (634 men) had defeated the second "armata" of Austrians (55,792 men) allowing to Vittorio Emanuele IIand Napoleone IIIto enter triumphant to Milanat 8 juneof the same year. The 2° the division of Austro-hungarian cavalry of 7° Corpo d'Armata at the orders of Feldmareshall Liutenant von Lilia, comprising the brigades von Weigl and von Dondorf, was quartered in the garden and the stables of the Castle, while in the fraction of Cerello the regiment of cavalry of reservoir of Eral Alexander von Mensdorffand to Castellazzo de' Stampsthe brigade earl Palffy: all these forces did not come engaged in way directed in the military operations. The popular memory narrates that in tge evening, on ending of the battle of Magenta, numerous skidded Austro-hungarian soldiers in route towards Corbetta came caught up from " zuav frances cont the face from demòni" " (trans "french zouaves with a deamons faces") puts into effect them in the public square (actuallyu Piazza del Popolo) and passed for the crews or captive facts there.
From the end of XIX at nowdays
In 1866 was allocated in the Castle a body of the National Guard: 150 men divided in four squares to the commando of captain
Dario Chierichetti. Between 1885 and 1889 in various countries of from Milan one most numerous agrarian strikes were recorded. The peasants, reduced to the hunger from the " pendizzi" (shameful debits but also "appendici" in contracts of rent) and from worst wages, beyond that exasperated because of ill-fated vintage years and unexpected deaths of "cavaler" (dialect therm for worm of silk), often the only source of maintenance for the families of the "obbligàa" (wage-earners), came down in public square against the masters. In particular in 1889, after Casorezzo, the labourers of Ossonamoved, Arluno, Santo Stefano Ticino, Vittuone, Sedriano, Bareggioetc. Sunday 19 May, in front of the Town hall of Corbetta (then situated in Via Cavour), real the police officersshot on the crowd killing a 18yo, hurting in serious way at least seven persons and arresting twenty-one manifesting. In 1891 he came inaugurated the new church, but the landslide of the bell tower at height of 81 meters and to the weight of the nine lives ( 2 june 1902) of it delayed the completion until to 1908. During the "Great War", Corbetta had 158 fallen. In 1921 the municipality has 7.689 inhabitants and in that period the structure urban planning of the country endures radicals changes. The force job mainly is occupied in the industries scattered on the territory thus making to grow the municipality regarding those neighbors in which an industry little was developed; a good part of workers remains given over at the agriculture. At Corbetta in August of 1944, was shot for order of German captain Theodor Saevecke, respomnsable of the Massacre of Loreto squarein Milan, eight civilians between which the local partisan Pierino Berettatogether to its companions of two attacks to truppe German, were slained. The municipality of Corbetta has today dedicated to a public square of the center and a monument to the Beretta partisan. From the end of the Second World warthe country alive a state of well-being like all the Italian cities because of the economic boomand of the consequent introduction of new technologies. Passing the years sees to always develop more to own importance becoming one of the greater naturalistic and cultural poles of the Province of Milan, species in years 80. To demonstration of this in 1981 Corbetta it is opened at Europetwinning with the French municipality of Corbas, in the lionese: in order to celebrate the event a way of the city has been entitled the twinned citizen. Finally 5 february 1988to Corbetta comes conferred the title it of cityfrom the president of the Italian Republic Francesco Cossiga. In 2002 here new twinning, this time with Târgovişte, Rumanian city of 90.000 inhabitants, let alone important economic and industrial center. Today Corbetta is consolidating more and more like cultural and naturalistic pole, and in order to render these prerogatives in 2007 still more realistic it has taken to the way the plan "ecosostenibility", than the scope is proposed to render the common note ecosostenibile to low environmental impact them.
During the last census of 2001 Corbetta had 13,735 inhabitants subdivided in 6.664 males and 7,071 females. In its history the city has always had un' demographic evolution medium in increase: a peak begins them, from 1881 to 1911, caused from the local industrialization that carried new citizens and new workplaces, a period of stasis during the two world wars, a consisting resumption thanks also to the economic boom (from 1951 to 1971), years in which the population it knows them nearly shakes it unit. Last the two censuses have recorded an light increase of 500 residents approximately, while from 2001 today the inhabitants have become very 15,500, given justified also from the construction of new residential complexes in city and in the frazioni.
Foreign cityzens in Corbetta
Corbetta receives in its territory a small community of Rumanians that is dislocated in several zones of the country, with some classified constructions exclusively to those who to all the effects are city of
European Union. This community has been the root cause of the twinning with the city of Tărgovište.
Prepositural Church of San Vittore Martire
The first nucleus of the temple was born probably in III century to merit of saint Mona that built up that it over a precedence pagan plows. After numerous widenings the church came completely restructured in longobard age, acquiring the Romanesque forms in 1037 when it came completed with the addition of one cripta dedicated to
saint Materno. With passing of the centuries the church was lost strength remarkablly to the point that in 1535 roof collapsed destroying the greater altar, but concurring in founding of some relics donated to the chapter from Arnolfo di Donnino in XIII century. The news must to the historian
In October 1891 canonical came officially consecrated to work of
Paolo Angelo Ballerini, Patriarca di Alexandria of Egypt. The intense activities resumed in 1898 when the bell tower was raised to 81 meters, that 1902 (irony of risen the little days then collapsed 2 juneafter would be collapsed also the bell tower of the church of Saint Marco to Venice). In 1908 the bell tower came reconstructed to 71 meters. In 1921 they came executed of frescoes to representing episodes of the life of saint Vittore. During the intense activities of rebuilding of the paving in 1971 they were found again, under the greater altar, the rests of the precedence constructions and a pagan cemetery. Curious the precedence digging carried out in 1906 from
22 Julyof 1590 laughed them the news of a first present organ in the Collegiata, instrument that comes then restored many times in i XVII and XVIII centuryfrom Prestinari brothers of Corbetta (become related with the very more famous organari of the neighbor Magenta), when it does not come definitively replaced with the inauguration of the new church on ending of of XIX century. Between 1907 and 1910 in fact the Chapter it of the Collegiata acquires an organ constructed from Bernasconi (1895) after a notice to leave of the Sanctuary of Rho, dismantling the precedence considered obsolete and ruined instrument. The instrument comes completely restored, modified and widened in 1921 from from the milanese Edoardo Rossi, which brought also the fundamental modifications that still today can be admired on the instrument and that they have concurred a mechanization of the acoustic transmission through the use of bellows to turbine electrical worker. The organ has been at last restored newly in 1985 from the company of Comm. Arturo Pedrini of Binanuova( Cremona), in line with the criteria established from the Commission for Organs in Italy.
Povosts of Corbetta (1170-nowdays)
*1)Madius (Maggio) (in charge in 1170)
Pietro Villano(Villani) (c. 1270- c. 1289), Provost and Ordinary of Duomo of Milan
*3)Enrico Borri (Burro) (1398 - ?)
*4)Ambrogio de' Borri (? - 1467)
*5)Antonio Cimiliano (1467)
Pietro Casola(1467 - 1507)
*7)Traiano de Alicornis (1507 - 1530), Secret Butler of H.H.
*8)Pompeo Maggi (1530 - 1532)
*9)Giacomo Filippo Borri (1532 - 1576)
**"Vacant see" (1576 - 1578)
*10)Giovanni Maria Carisano (1578 - 1587)
Orsino Spadenseof Orvieto(1588 - 1620)
**"Vacant see" (1620 - 1623)
*12)Francesco Caponago (1623 - 1630)
*13)Paolo Filippo Muttoni (1631 - 1679)
*14)Pietro Antonio Vigorè (1680 - 1696)
*15)Giuseppe Rusca (1696 - 1722)
*16)Gian Antonio Bellotto (1722 - 1749)
*17)Gerolamo Banfi (1750 - 1779)
*18)Jacopo Antonio Cattaneo (1779 - 1797)
*19)Filippo Molo Bellinzona Ticinese (1798 - 1800)
Giovanni Battista Castelnovo(1800 - 1820, after bishop of Como)
*21)Luigi Vittadini (1820 - 1824)
*22)Giuseppe Rodriguez (1825 - 1850)
**"Vacant see"(1850 - 1852)
*23)Nazaro Vitali (1852 - 1872)
*24)Giacomo Zaccheo (1873 - 1906), of
*25)Pasquale Carnaghi (1906 - 1933), Secret Butler of H.H.
*26)Attilio Barera (1933 - 1958)
*27)Italo Zat (1958 - 1972)
*28)Giovanni Cipolla (1972 - 1980, after Provost of Abbiategrasso)
*29)Edoardo Sacchi (1980 - 1992, retired)
*30)Bruno Pegoraro (1992 - 1 september 2008, retired)
*31)Giuseppe Angiari (1 september 2008 - "ad multos annos"), also Sanctuary's Rector
The Chapter of Corbetta
For tradition, the church of Corbetta, like many other prepositurali parishes of Italy, collects an own chapter of canonical, clergymen not only pertaining physically at a pastoral area of the municipality, but also coming from the
pieve. The members of the chapter prepositurale of Corbetta enjoy, according to a decree of the Roman Curia of 1742, the right to carry the choral symbols of the canonical one, that is to the "Prevosto" it is classified a purple mantle ornated of cremisi, while to the canonical ones it is classified with almuzia. The chapter it depends directly from the Deanery of Magenta.
The directory is adjourned at 2008:
*Can. Giuseppe Angiari, "Provost and Rector of the Sanctuary, Corbetta"Effective canons
*Can. Bruno Pegoraro, residing
*Can. Gianni Giudici - Teologo, "Parish vicary, Corbetta"
*Can. Mario Motta - Penitenziere, residing (Santuario)
*Can. Vinicio Viola - Maestro delle Cerimonie, "Parish vicary, Corbetta"
*Can. Marco Cozzi, "Priest in Cerello, Corbetta"
*Can. Maurizio Rivolta, "Priest in Hospital, Magenta"
*Don Adam Kieltyk, residing (Sanctuary) Other canons
*Can. Marco Longhi, "Priest in
Boffalora sopra Ticino"
*Can. Angelo Ripamonti, "Priest in
Bernate Ticino"Honorary canons
*Can. Pietro Bassanini, residing (
Santo Stefano Ticino)
*Can. Enzo Caletti, residing (
*Can. Anacleto Porta, residing (Cerello, Corbetta)
*Can. Desiderio Vajani, residing (Cerello, Corbetta)
*Can. Luigi Verga, "Priest in
Santo Stefano Ticino"
*Can. Giuseppe Colombo, "Priest in
Archiepiscopal Sanctuary of Blessed Virgin of Miracles
The history and the artistic evolution of the sanctuary of the Madonna of the Miracles, the more important building of corbettese cult, is tied inissolublement at the miraculous apparition on
17 april 1555. In that day in fact, first thursday after Easter of Resurrection, in the little square before the small church of Saint Nicolao(today inferior part of the Sanctuary) three children, Cesare dello Stampino, Antonio Della Torre e his brother Giovanni Angelo (called "Novello"), deaf-mute from birth, were playing bowling under the portrait of the Madonna with the Child frescoed on the facade of the church. Unexpected the little Giovanni, buying back heard and word, indicated to the companions the celestial vision of the Child who, detached from the painting, reductions between they in order to join to the game. The Madonna come down in order to resume the Baby and returned to the painting. From that first miracle others are followed; numerous received thanks in fact, beyond to being documented and conserved in the archives of the Sanctuary, are exposed inside of the Chapel of the Blessings, place where can be admired beyond two hundred former ballot, traditional form of gratitude and popular devotion. Because the continue apparition and in order to contain the continuous pilgrimages, the little church came widened and embellished from shining names of the painting and Italian architecture which were Francesco Croce, Fabio Mangone, Vincenzo Seregni, Francesco Pessina, Carlo Francesco Nuvolone, Giulio Cesare Procaccini, Giovanni Battista Discepoli, Mosè Bianchi, il Perugino.
The miraculous image is today in the upper sanctuary, most excellent example of Lombardic baroque, enclosed in a crystal teque, still on the original wall where it was painted from Gregorio Zavattari in 1475. In 1824, for merit of the Rector Francesco Porroni, installed a splendid Prestinari Organ, restored between 1874 and 1875 from Giuseppe Prestinari, linked at the famous organist
Giuseppe Della Valle. The organ was removed during the restorations of the church in the years '50 of XX century. From 1913 the sanctuary has been recognized "Building of artistic national interest". Quickly after already cited happened intense activities of restoration between 1948 and 1955, during which they have been brought back to the light ancient decorations and frescoes of the XV century, it came reproposed the idea of previously dedicate the sanctuary to the cult of God and the Vergine, advanced from Cardinal Alfredo Ildefonso Schusterbut temporary put in a result of the death of him in 1954. When was chosen the new archbishop of Milan was resumed the preparations and finally 17 April1955, in the IV centenarian form the miracle, Giovanni Battista Montinicrowned the image proclaming it "Madonna of Corbetta, patron of the corbettese". Of relief it is also the museum of the sanctuary, located in upper rooms of the cloister, that accommodates numerous works of fine art. An other room, called "of san Carlo" where slept Carlo Borromeovisiting Corbetta on ending of XVI century. It is constituted by a canopy bed, some furnitures and belonged clothings of the archbishop, that were conserved in Villa Frisiani Mereghetti Maggi where still today a commemorative grave. At the time of the visit of the Cardinal Borromeo, in fact, the reports remembered "... there was no a palace apt to accommodate thus a great personality and like such the only thath was found is the house of Lord Frisiani… ".
Rectors of the Archiepiscopal Sanctuary of Blessed Virgin of Miracles (c.1725 - today)
From XVI century the Sanctuary obtained to arrange like own representative a canonical one of the collegiata one, with the chaplain title, but it was only from the beginnings of the XIX century that the church could decide of a specific chancellor with the obligation of residence near the church.
* Francisco Bonanome (living in 1725)
* Gaspare Tosi
* Giuseppe Melchiorre Castoldi (1749 - ?)
* Giuseppe Castoldi (? - 1793)
** "Vacant see" (1793-1795)
* Carlo Antonio Ganna (1795-1812), canonic from the Collegiata
** "Vacant see" (1812-1813)
* Gaetano Luigi Bianchi (1813-1814), Dominican
* Francesco Porroni (1814-1827)
* Pietro Rigoli (1827-1835, renounced)
* Giuseppe Mettica (1835-1861)
* Carlo Chierichetti (1861-1898), canonic from the Collegiata
* Felice Sigurtà (1898-1902)
* Ercole Trecchi (1902-1928)
* Guido Vismara (1928-1930), Oblato
* Giovanni Milani (1930-1968), domestic prelate of H.H.
* Alessandro Cattaneo (1968-1996), called "Sandro"
* Mario Motta (1996-1 september 2008, renounced)
* Giuseppe Angiari (1 september 2008 - "ad multos annos"), also Provost of the Collegiata
Church of Sant'Ambrogio
The oratory of the Blessed Virgin of Sant'Ambrogio is part of a consisting number of built up religious buildings in XVII century in the
Pieve di Corbetta. It puts into effect them construction was erected on an area already occupied in the second half of the XV century from a little and ruined religious building. The local parstoral visit described it as follows: "… there was no pavement, the roof was broken, the altar was destroyed and consequently the mass was not celebrated here… ". The building came completely reconstructed beginning from 1667 and came then inaugurated in 1680 from the provost, Pietrò Antonio Vigorè. In 1732 the deputies of this oratory decided to erect the bell tower that came then destroyed in 1938 because wasn't so solid. From 1835 until at the end of XIX century, the sacrestia of the church was destined to public washhouse and contagious disease hospital for the colera epidemic. Currently the church of Sant' Ambrogio, carries out the function of official church of the quarter "Isola Bellaria" in which it is found inserted and it is defined likeably and affectionately from the local residents "Gesa da Sant'Ambrusìn".
The outside is constituted from a simple structure, movement simply from the solution found by
Francesco Maria Richini, planner of the chapel, consisting in a pronao supported from columns of granite. The wooden portal, is surpassed from a plate in black marble and golden letters entitled Saint Carlo Borromeo, reformer of the temple, while to sides income two little ones find themselves still today seats in stone, than a time they were overhung from small little windows that they gave inside of the church, as it wanted the tradition of post- Concilio of Trento, in order to allow to follow the function also to the sinners not communicated. The lateral facades are completed from painted false windows, recently restored, and looking towards the outside there is the sacrestia, separated from the road by a heavy wooden door with original closing sistem. The inside, enough wide, is opened on one unique navata until to the presbiterio, octagonal, giving wide space to the altar and to two little navates them that they are rejoined with the area of the chorus, where is situated also the organ, of modern invoice. The overhanging wall the income is decorated with frescoes Sant'Ambrogio life moments with two big pictures. The ceiling is completely decorated with added to stucco of XVIII century white and gold (of which moreover the contrast with the simple decoration style of the chapel). The greater altar is of typically baroque taste and receives, in a worked niche, a wooden cross with sudario in linen, symbols of the passion.
Church of Saint Sebastiano
The origins of the church of Saint Sebastiano can be dated to 1609, when the Earl Carlo Borri and Giovanni Battista Lampugnano put down respectively the first and second stone of the oratory. Remarkable properties and lands donations come to the chapter from the testament of the Provost Orsino Spadense, died in
Urbinoon 28 March 1620. In 1635 the building is a subsidiary church and like it, does not have any priest; it remains in this state until to 1787 when it comes definitively desacrated. In 1880 the chapel comes embellished and restructured in the inner ones, in order then to be sold to the chapter of the parish in 1921, inaugurating the new altar in 1927. On 9 July 1933, thanks to the personal interest of Provost Mons. Pasquale Carnaghi, Saint Sebastiano comes resacratedr and given back to the public cult. For the occasion inside comes placed a commemorative tablet. The local tradition moreover wants that the class of the borns in 1933 is under protection of this sacred place.
The outside, constituted from a extremely simple structure, is preceded from a small courtyard with gate, while the facade of the little church is realized with the classic final eardrum structure, surpassed from a cross in stone. Only present decorations, besides the high ones lesene, are two statues placed in two niches in the advanced part of the facade, representatives
Saint Roccoand Saint Fermo. We learn from a plan of the XVIII century (conserved in the "Archivio Plebano" in Corbetta) that this facade had to be originally decorated in huger baroque forms with the addition of ionics lesene on the facade and a large window in the center of them, besides flame decorations in stone and eardrum with scarp walls. The supposed reason is that such plan never was not realized for lack of deep.
The inside, structured on a single one navata that it leads until to the presbitery, is entirely decorated with frescoes: on the ceiling of the church four scenes of the life of Saint Sebastiano are represented. Behind the facade there are two frescoes: the first one, overhanging the incoming door, represents Saint Peter and over of him, "in gloria", there is the image of Saint Fermo (asides two commemorative plates of the restorations endured previously are placed). The walls are decorated also with two devotionals chapels decorated with false structures in baroque taste, one of which is dedicated to the Madonna. The presbitery is distinguished from the navy from a wonderful balustrade in pink marble and from a cross-sectional arc decorated at sight with little medaillons representing
Saint Carlo Borromeo(left), Sant'Attilio(center) and Sant'Ambrogio(right). Lower, aside of this introductory arc, two niches receive the statues of Saint Sebastiano(left) and Sant'Antonio from Padua(right). The area of the altar is decorated on the time to cruise of the ceiling with four large frescoes representatives the four evangelists, while the sidewalls are completed with two big pictures representing the culminating moments of the life of Saint Sebastiano, "Saint Sebastiano wiyth Emperor Diocletian" and "The martyrdom of Saint Sebastiano" , realized from the corbettese painter Natale Penati between 1948 and 1949. The altar, in simply forms, is integrally made of wood and painted to simulate the marble. Behind the altar we can notice a small painted image dedicated to Saint Guido, realized on behalf of Guido Olgiati, rich industrial, that it donated huge sums for the restructuration of the chapel.
Chapel of the Resurrection
The Chapel of the Resurrection is a construction to present religious use inside of the immense complex of the cemetery of Corbetta. The cemetery of the country came constructed in the actual position probably puts into effect them already beginning from 1804, that is when the
Edict of Saint-Claude, emanated from Napoleon Bonaparte, had previewed the interments outside from the inhabited centers in order avoiding the spread of diseases and infections. Strangely but, in order nearly two centuries, such place is remained unprovided of a chapel where was possible to celebrate in prevalence the funeral rituals. The construction puts into effect them in fact has been erected in 2004 within of the intense activities of widening of the same cemetery and has resumed for style and inner and external decorations along the columns that it encircles all the cemetery. The structure of the chapel is semicircular, with an inner roof in wood externally covered in copper, preceded from a portico wth arches and visible also to its inside through windows wide series that gives also light to the complex. At its inside has been buried all the provosts and priests from Corbetta that previously had found interment in single graves scattered in the cemetery. Currently the church is used in prevalence for the celebration of the funeral rituals but weekly celebrates also the mass.
Church of Saint Vincenzo (
The church of Saint Vincenzo, in the
frazioneof Cerello, begins its history in the firsts years of XIX century, when it came constructed from noble the Casnati in order to use it like family chapel: only subsequently it comes opened also to the inhabitants of Cerello and the Battuello neighbor (an other Corbetta's frazione). In 1939 the structure came widened with the construction of the sacrestia and the bell tower. On 15 october 1956came inaugurated by the Archbishop of Milan Giovanni Battista Montini(future Pope Paulus VI) as parish of Cerello and Battuello. As first parish priest has named Don Angelo Bragonzi, which will guide the community until 1969. However already in 1953 in the church he came instituted the cured vicariate, in order to satisfy the religious requirements of the inhabitants of the frazione, that it turns out situated still today rather far away from the center of Corbetta. The church, comes economically helped in its initiatives from the many offered ones that it receives regularly during several the festivity from the local population. Externally it is introduced in modern and simple forms, with the bell tower that is nearly to resume the forms of the bell tower of Corbetta. In 2006, for the 5o° anniversary of tge foundation of the parish, was carried out a complete restructuration thanks once again to the offered ones of the local people. In that occasion Poste Italianehas emitted a cancellation on which Saint Vincenzo is represented.
Priests of Cerello (1956-today)
*Angelo Bragonzi (1956-1969)
*Validio Fracasso (1970-1980)
*Anacleto Porta (1980-1987)
*Desiderio Vajani (1987-2004)
*Marco Cozzi (2004-"ad multos annos")
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.