In Ukrainian Romantic nationalism, the ancient Ukrs or Proto-Ukrs ( _uk. протоукри) are a mythical people, putative ancestors of the Ukrainian people. The term was introduced by Tadeusz Czacki in his monograph "O nazwisku Ukrainy i początku kozaków" (Warsaw, 1801, reprint 1843). Czacki claimed that the "ancient Ukrs" were a nomadic horde that migrated to the Dnieper basin from across the Volga in the 7th century AD. [Nikolay Ulyanov. "Proiskhozhdenie ukrainskogo separatizma". Madrid, 1966 ( [ online] ru icon)] The name of Ukraine is in reality derived from a Proto-Slavic "*kraj-" "region" or "borderland" and not from an ethnonym.

Some émigré Ukrainian historians of the 20th century updated the unscientific term "Proto-Ukrs" to the pseudo-scientific derivation Proto-Ukrainians (Ukrainian: протоукраїнці, праукраїнці), [В.Янів. Вступний курс українознавства. Мюнхен, 1953. uk icon
І.Крип'якевич, М.Цольницький. Історія України. Нью-Йорк, 1990. uk icon
] employed to refer to the Trypillians,Wilson, Andrew. "Ukrainian Nationalism in the 1990s". Cambridge University Press, 1996. ISBN 0521574579. Page 158.] an archaeological culture that flourished on the territory of modern Romania and Ukraine in the 5th millennium BC. The Scythians and Sarmatians were also declared "the direct predecessors of [the inhabitants of] Kievan Rus".

Proto-Ukrainian theories

*The idea has been advanced that the "Proto-Ukrs" were related to the tribe of "uchri" mentioned by Widukind of Corvey in the third part of the Res gestae saxonicae sive annalium libri tres as part of the tribal union of the Polabian Slavs. [ [ ВИДУКИНД КОРВЕЙСКИЙ. ДЕЯНИЯ САКСОВ. (RES GESTAE SAXONICARUM)] ru icon] .
*Prof. Petro Kononenko sought to identify Kyi, an apocryphal co-founder of the Ukrainian capital Kyiv, with Attila the Hun. [ [ П.Кононенко. Українознавство.] uk icon] Indeed, the Huns are held by some Ukrainian authors to have been a tribe of "proto-Ukrainians", or, more specifically, "the local Slav population from around the river Dnieper".
*In 1993, Serhiy Plachynda published the "Dictionary of Ancient Ukrainian Mythology" where he enlarged upon the subject of "Proto-Ukrainians and Ancient Ukrainians of the Stone Age, Neolithic, Copper Age, and Bronze Age". [ [ С.Плачинда. СЛОВНИК ДАВНЬОУКРАЇНСЬКОЇ МІФОЛОГІЇ.] uk icon]
*In his book "The Ukrs-Aryans" (2003), Oleksandr Chaichenko argues that the Ukrs were a "Pelasgo-Etruscan tribe" whose Aryan ancestors created the Rigveda. [О.О.Чайченко. Укри-арії: Дослідження родоводу українців. Воєнне видавництво України "Варта", 2003. ISBN 966-585-046-6 uk icon]
*There have been controversial attempts to connect the archaeological site of Kamyana Mohyla in Eastern Ukraine with the genesis of the Sumerian cuneiform script. The issue spawned sensationalist headlines to the effect of "Ukraine as the urheimat of the Sumerians". []


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ukrainians — Infobox Ethnic group group = Ukrainians (Ukrayintsi) caption = T. Shevchenko • N. Makhno • L. Ukrainka • B. Khmelnytsky S. Tymoshenko • A. Dovzhenko • S. Korolyov • A. Shevchenko poptime = 44 45 millionFact|date=September 2008 popplace =… …   Wikipedia

  • Ethnic groups in Europe — See Demography of Europe for population statistics. The ethnic groups in Europe are the various ethnic groups that reside in the nations of Europe. European ethnology is the field of anthropology focusing on Europe. Pan and Pfeil (2004) count 87… …   Wikipedia

  • Slavic peoples — legend|#004040|South SlavicThe Slavic peoples are an ethnic and linguistic branch of Indo European peoples, living mainly in Europe. From the early 6th century they spread from their original homeland (most commonly thought to be in Eastern… …   Wikipedia

  • History of Ukrainian nationality — The history of Ukrainian nationality can be traced back the Kiev based kingdom of Kievan Rus (Kиïвcκa Pуc) of the 9th to 12th centuries. It was the predecessor state to what would eventually become the Eastern Slavic nations of Belarus, Russia,… …   Wikipedia

  • Ukrainian language — Infobox Language name=Ukrainian nativename=українська мова ukrayins ka mova pronunciation= [ukrɑˈjinʲsʲkɑ ˈmɔʋɑ] states=See article speakers=39 million|rank=26 Spoken in= Ukraine, Moldova, Vojvodina, USA, Brazil, Portugal. familycolor=Indo… …   Wikipedia

  • History of Chechnya — The History of Chechnya refers to the history of Chechens, Chechnya, and the land of Ichkeria. Chechen society has traditionally been organized around many autonomous local clans, called taips. The traditional Chechen saying goes that the members …   Wikipedia

  • Cucuteni-Trypillian culture — Characteristic example of Cucuteni Trypillian pottery …   Wikipedia

  • Greeks — This article is about the Greek people. For the finance term, see Greeks (finance). Greeks Έλληνες 1st row: Homer • King Leonidas • Pericles • Herodotus • Hippocrates 2nd row: Socrates • Plato • Aristotle • …   Wikipedia

  • History of Ukraine — This article is part of a series …   Wikipedia

  • Master race — Herrenvolk redirects here. For the X Files episode, see Herrenvolk (The X Files). Arno Breker s 1939 neoclassical sculpture Die Partei (The Party), which flanked one of the entrances to the Albert Speer designed Reich Chancellery of the Third… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”