A flume is an open artificial water channel, in the form of a gravity chute, that leads water from a diversion dam or weir completely aside a natural flow. Often, the flume is an elevated box structure (typically wood) that follows the natural contours of the land. These have been extensively used in hydraulic mining and working placer deposits for gold, tin and other heavy minerals. They are also used in the transportation of logs in the logging industry, electric power generation and to power various mill operations by the use of a waterwheel.

pecialist flumes

A flume can be used to measure the rate of flow. Specific designs include the Parshall, Palmer-Bowlus, Trapezoidal, and H-Flume. See flow measurement#open channel flow measurement. A sewer pipe can be used as a flow measurement flume by using the Manning formula.

In competitive swimming, specialized flumes with transparent sides are often employed by coaches to analyze a swimmer's technique. The speed of the flow is variable to accommodate the full spectrum of swimming styles and ability.

ee also

* Log flume
* Flume Gorge
* Acequia
* Canal
* Aqueduct
* Leat

External links

* [http://www.flowmeterdirectory.com/flowmeter_artc/parshall.html Parshall flume]

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  • Flume — ist der Name folgender Personen: Helmut Flume (1905–1999), deutscher Altphilologe Werner Flume (1908–2009), deutscher Jurist Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichneter Be …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Flume — (f;[=u]m), n. [Cf. OE. flum river, OF, flum, fr. L. flumen, fr. fluere to flow. [root]84. See {Fluent}.] A stream; especially, a passage channel, or conduit for the water that drives a mill wheel; or an artifical channel of water for hydraulic or …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • flume — [flu:m] n [Date: 1100 1200; : Old French; Origin: flum, from Latin flumen river ] a long narrow structure built for water to slide down, which is used to move water or wood, or which people slide down for fun ▪ a log flume …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • flume — [flo͞om] n. [ME flum, river, stream < OFr < L flumen < fluere, to flow: see FLUCTUATE ] ☆ 1. an artificial channel, usually an inclined chute or trough, for carrying water to furnish power, transport logs down a mountainside, etc. ☆ 2. a …   English World dictionary

  • flume — late 12c., stream, from O.Fr. flum running water, stream, river, from L. flumen flood, stream, running water, from fluere to flow (see FLUENT (Cf. fluent)). In U.S., used especially of artificial streams channeled for some industrial purpose …   Etymology dictionary

  • flume — s. m. [Linguagem poética] Rio. = FLÚMEN …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • flume — [n] chute channel, conduit, run, sluice, spillway; concepts 501,514 …   New thesaurus

  • flume — ► NOUN 1) an artificial channel conveying water, typically used for transporting logs. 2) a water slide or chute at a swimming pool or amusement park. ORIGIN Latin flumen river , from fluere to flow …   English terms dictionary

  • Flume — Cet article possède un paronyme, voir : Flûme. Une scierie avec un flume (Chaîne des …   Wikipédia en Français

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